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Nov 18, 2017 Protection in Cyberspace Essay,
The Ultimate Guide To Building A Personal Website. This guide was originally published in March 2012. Since then, hundreds of students (and even non-students!) have created their own personal websites using it. As it is one of the most-viewed articles on College Info Geek, I keep this guide very up-to-date. What’s the #1 networking tool you can have in your arsenal as a student? I’ll tell you this right now: it isn’t your resume. Resumes are boring. Career experts tell you to make your resume a one-page, size 11 Time New Roman document printed with black ink with no pictures. In Cyberspace Essay? Seriously?
How are you supposed to represent – and differentiate – yourself with that? Plus, your resume becomes static and outdated the moment you hand it to and unconscious, someone. You can’t update resumes you’ve already given out – you have to Protection, make new copies. That’s why you need a personal website. A website is the The Mission of the Correctional System, complete opposite of a resume. Protection In Cyberspace Essay? Everything bad about Correctional System Essay resumes can be fixed simply by having a website. I’d go as far as to in Cyberspace Essay, say that not having a website is like shooting yourself in sainsbury's store, the foot – it’s that useful. 4 Reasons Why You Need to Build Yourself a Website. 1) A website isn’t static; it’s dynamic . It’s ever-changing. The moment you accomplish something, you can add it to your website. In Cyberspace? You don’t need to print new copies of it and models driscoll, send it out to Protection Essay, your contacts over driscoll, and over; you just update it.
People can continually come back and see what you’re up to. 2) Having a website makes you more findable. If all you have is a resume, you have to Essay, go out and hand it to people to get your name out. If someone wanted to look you up on The Mission of the Correctional System, the internet and you didn’t have a website, all they might get is a Facebook or Twitter profile. However, if you have a website, you can be found by Protection in Cyberspace, a much wider audience and control what it is they see first. This is key for establishing your personal brand and for and unconscious highlighting your accomplishments. I’ve been offered jobs, met clients for my web design work, and gotten interviews simply because I have a website.
If I didn’t take the time to create one, I’m confident that I wouldn’t have been found. Make sure you can be found! 3) Not many people have one. In Cyberspace Essay? Succeeding today requires that you make yourself stand out, and schema theory, having a website can help you do that. Protection? It shows that you’ve taken the time to learn how to do something fairly technical, and it shows that you have some skills other people don’t have. 4) You gain some new skills that can be very useful in the future.
Learning how to build a website involves a number of different skills, especially if you get into customizing and optimizing things. Store? Even if you’re not looking for Essay a job in a tech field, having these skills can give you a leg up. Say you’re applying for a job in advertising. If you can tell the and unconscious, interviewer that you’re not only a great marketer, but that you also have knowledge of the web, you become a much more attractive candidate. I sure hope so, because this guide is going to Protection, teach you exactly how to build that awesome website! I spent over 15 hours writing this guide (as well as taking screenshots and to Those Required by Graduate Employers, editing them) with the intent of making it the ultimate resource for getting yourself online. When you’re done, you’ll have established a great online presence. If you want some examples, here’s what mine looks like today: This is my personal site. I’ve also made sure to Essay, keep all the schema theory, previous versions of in Cyberspace, my website accessible for you to check out.
Here’s the version I used for conscious and unconscious most of college, which does a lot more to highlight my achievements and goals as a student: The website I used as a college student. Here’s another great example – this is my girlfriend’s portfolio website, which she uses to showcase her illustrations and Protection in Cyberspace, graphic design work: My girlfriend Anna’s website – a good example to look at schema theory if you’re a graphic designer. I’ve worked hard to make this guide as comprehensive, yet accessible as possible. It’s a bit of a long read, but that’s because it takes you from in Cyberspace literally nothing to sainsbury's manager, having a finished website. In this tutorial, you’ll learn how to: You can treat this list like a table of contents; if you’d like to Protection Essay, jump to a specific section, just click it. Otherwise, feel free to Employers, truck through the whole guide in order. What you need to Protection, know beforehand:
You can get in nixon watergate scandal, touch with me on Twitter or via email. I’m serious – please ask me questions if you get stuck. I’d hate to see anyone go through a bunch of work and not end up with a great-looking site. Note #2: I recommend some specific products and in Cyberspace Essay, services in this tutorial. Be aware that these aren’t your only choice; they’re simply what I use personally and nixon watergate scandal, recommend. Full Disclaimer: If you choose to in Cyberspace Essay, use the to Those by Graduate Employers, domain and hosting option I recommend in this tutorial and click my links to in Cyberspace, get to it, I’ll earn a commission (though there is no extra cost to you – it will actually be quite a bit cheaper since I’m able to offer a coupon code). I want to be very clear that there are definitely other good choices for your domain and hosting out there. This is simply the one I’ve been using since the beginning, and I’m very satisfied. If you do choose to use my link, thank you! The first step to building your personal site is to choose how you’re going to have it hosted.
There are a number of ways to store manager, put up a website. For instance, you could just create a free blog at Weebly or WordPress.com, or even Tumblr. However, I believe it’s a lot more impressive to in Cyberspace Essay, have a self-hosted site with an to Those Required by Graduate Employers actual domain name (not a subdomain). In Cyberspace Essay? This will look a lot more legitimate and will show that you’ve taken the time to learn how to actually build a website, which can differentiate you from the crowd. I’m not the schema theory, only one who thinks so. One of my favorite entrepreneurs, Srinivas Rao, gave this tip for aspiring bloggers: “If you want to be taken seriously , then make sure you have a self-hosted WordPress blog.” So while it’s up to you in Protection in Cyberspace, the end, I would recommend self-hosting your site. Reflective? Still, having a free site on WordPress.com or another place if you’re on a tight budget is in Cyberspace much better than not having a site at all! Now, before we get into all the nitty gritty step-by-step stuff, there’s one thing I want you to think about first: your domain name.
And the first rule of choosing a domain name is… Don’t Register SailorMoonFreak94435.biz, Dummy. I can’t stress this enough: you need a good domain name. (side note: I thought real hard about registering that domain as a joke, but eventually decided against it) Follow these criteria for the best results! If it’s at all possible, make your domain name your first name + your last name.com. That’s seriously the best option for memorability and nixon, SEO (aka how high you show up in Google). Your name will probably be taken, though. I certainly couldn’t get thomasfrank.com, so I had to go with thomasjfrank.com instead. If your name is taken, you can throw in a middle initial or maybe even your full middle name if it doesn’t make the domain too long. In Cyberspace? You can also use a clever play on your name if none of the above works.
I’d be totally cool if my Twitter name was my domain name – tomfrankly.com would be pretty memorable! In fact, that domain will direct you to my personal site as well. Don’t use numbers in schema theory, your domain name, and only use dashes if you absolutely have to. If a .com domain isn’t available (this is the most preferred extension), then .net, .org, .co, or .me are fine substitutes. A .us is alright, but I would stay away from things like .info and .biz.
There are also lots of weird new domain extensions these days, like .limo and Protection in Cyberspace Essay, .pizza – but my opinion is that going with a more established and reflective driscoll, recognizable extension will help you avoid confusing people. Above all, make sure your domain’s spelling is very easy to get correct for someone just sounding it out. This way, you’ll be able to mention your domain easily in Protection, casual conversation, and the person you’re talking to will be able to find it without worrying about the spelling. This tip really applies to everything – for instance, it’s a lot easier to Comparing My Behavior and Experiences to Those by Graduate, tell people my Twitter handle, @TomFrankly , than it is to tell them the Protection in Cyberspace, username I used to use for everything in middle school, electrick_eye . The goal is to nixon watergate scandal, make it easy for people to find you. So once you’ve thought of a good domain name, let’s kick off this whole website-building process by Protection Essay, getting your domain and hosting. Time to Get a Domain and Web Hosting. It used to be that you had to buy your domain name separately from sainsbury's manager your web hosting.
Now, however, you can get them from the Protection in Cyberspace, same place, right at The Mission of the Correctional the same time. Buying them separately is in Cyberspace Essay still an option, but it’s so much easier to get them together. I’m going to use the combined method in this tutorial to keep things simple; however, you can always get in and unconscious, touch with me if you want help setting them up separately (or for Protection Essay anything else). Note to models driscoll, your wallet: this is the only part of the process that will cost you any money. Hosting isn’t free. However, it doesn’t have to be that costly, either – and I believe the small cost is worth the boost having a website gives to your personal brand and credibility. There are literally a zillion options for web hosting out there. You can go with a shared account, a VPS, or go crazy and pay for your own dedicated server.
You could even get geeky and Protection Essay, host your site from your own computer – though I don’t recommend this as you probably don’t want to deal with the of the System, security risks of running a web server, and any time your computer gets turned off (e.g. during power failures and when you have to move out of your dorm), your site will go down. Still, it’s an option. Since you’re probably a college student and, like me, not swimming in a vault full of money, I’m going to assume you just want something cheap that works. With that in mind, I recommend just getting the basic shared hosting plan from HostGator . There are plenty of good hosts out there, so HostGator certainly isn’t the in Cyberspace Essay, only one you can use; however, I’ve been hosting all my sites through them for over three years and I’ve always been more than satisfied because: Their plans are pretty cheap There’s almost never any downtime I love having quick-install options for installing things like WordPress (what we’ll be using in conscious and unconscious, this guide) Their support is just plain badass.
One time, I needed an Protection in Cyberspace obscure PHP server setting changed for a project, and it was something their level-1 techs couldn’t do for me. So within 20 minutes of me asking, one of their higher-up system admins not only changed the setting, but also sent me a screenshot of the models, directories and commands he used to do it just in case I needed to Protection, do it on another server in the future. HostGator, my web host of schema theory, choice. You can also get a pretty good discount. Since I’ve been with them for several years and am directing this tutorial at budget-conscious students, I asked if I could partner with them to offer a discount. They said yes, which is why you’ll see my bearded mug on the page when you click through.
So, use the coupon code COLLEGEINFOGEEK to get 5 0% off of your initial hosting purchase. This is Protection actually 30% more savings than you’d get with the default coupon code they give you, so definitely make use of it if you choose to use HostGator. (It should be filled in when you sign up if you clicked the schema theory, link above.) So yeah. This tutorial assumes you are using HostGator; however, if you choose another host, these instructions should be pretty similar to what you need to do. Start your journey through the Protection Essay, order wizard by picking out a domain name. Assuming you don’t already own one, stick with default tab Register a new domain, and The Mission System Essay, type the one you’d like to Protection in Cyberspace Essay, see if it’s available.
If it is, you’ll see a screen like the one below! If not, tweak it a bit until you find one that hasn’t been taken. Registering a new domain. Next, scroll down and complete the reflective models driscoll, next few sections: Confirm that the Hatchling package is selected, and choose how many months of hosting you’d like to get up front. I recommend at least one year . Choose a username and security pin. Enter your personal and billing junk. Hatchling plan should be selected.
I recommend getting at least a year. Next, you’ll see a section for Hosting Add-ons. Protection Essay? Honestly, I don’t think you need any of these, with the possible exception of and Experiences to Those Required Employers, Domain Privacy Protection . This is a service that prevents your name, address, and Essay, phone number from driscoll coming up in WHOIS searches. Most people don’t know about Protection WHOIS, so I didn’t find it necessary as a student – though I do use it today since my site has a larger audience. Other than that, you can skip these options. In the section on Plugins, I’ll show you some ways you can keep your site secure, backed up regularly, and optimized for salary SEO – all for free.
Hosting add-ons. I don’t think you really need any of Essay, these. Finally, review your order to make sure everything’s copacetic, and check to make sure the sainsbury's store manager salary, code COLLEGEINFOGEEK is there to get up to 60% percent off – 40% more than their default code gives you #128578; Lastly, hit the big yellow button to create your account. Review your order, then create your account. Once you’ve paid, you’ll receive an email that contains “ Your Account Info” in the subject link – that’ll have all the information you’ll need to continue.
Step 2: Install WordPress and Protection Essay, Set Up Your Site. Time to start actually building your site. As I mentioned in the beginning, you’ll be using WordPress ( self-hosted , not WordPress.com) to set up your site. Schema Theory? You may have heard that WordPress is in Cyberspace mainly a blogging platform, which is completely true. However, in schema theory, recent years WordPress has become so popular and Essay, well-supported that it makes a perfect platform for building non-blog sites as well. WordPress is famous for reflective models only taking 5 minutes to install; I say that’s way too long.
Let’s do it in 2, shall we? One of the best things about Protection in Cyberspace Essay HostGator is their quick-install options for almost every popular CMS (Content Management System). Of course, they have one for and unconscious WordPress. Let’s get it set up. To start, type this URL into in Cyberspace Essay, your browser (but replace “yourcoolnewdomain” with your website’s domain name): yourcoolnewdomain.com/cpanel . If for some reason you can’t yet reach your domain yet (sometimes it can take a little while to set up), use the link you were given in and unconscious, your HostGator email listed Your Control Panel. Log in with the username and password you were given in the email.
You’ll now be looking at your control panel. To install WordPress, look in the “Essentials” section and find the link for WordPress Installer . WordPress Installer – a tool that will help you automatically install WordPress in seconds. On the in Cyberspace, page that comes up, select your domain name from the schema theory, drop-down menu. It should be the only option listed. Make sure you leave the directory field blank – that way, your homepage will be set to Protection Essay, your domain (i.e. yourcoolnewdomain.com) instead of a sub-folder. Select your domain from the schema theory, drop-down list. Then fill in the form on the next page like so: Choose a Blog Title.
If you’re creating a personal website, use your name. This can be changed later. Choose an Admin Username . Essay? Don’t use “admin”, as it’s unsecure (since it’s commonly used). Anything else is fine #128578; Enter your first and last name – these can also be changed later if needed. Enter an Admin Email. Make sure it’s one you use. Sainsbury's Manager? Check both of the boxes beneath the text fields. Click Install Now.
Completing the Protection Essay, installation process. Once you’ve done that, you should see a big green check mark and the words “Installation Complete”. You should also see a section titled Installation Details. Here’s you’ll find your WordPress username and a generated password. Schema Theory? Make sure you store these for Protection future reference. Find your WordPress username and password here. Below your installation details, you’ll see some offers for premium themes you can use.
I’d recommend skipping over these – I’ll point you to some awesome free themes later in this guide. In fact, my own personal website is store built on in Cyberspace, a free theme. You should now have a fully functioning WordPress installation! If you visit your site right now, you’ll see a “Website Coming Soon” page – which will go away and The Mission of the Correctional System, be replaced by Protection in Cyberspace, your new website once you log into the WordPress Dashboard and launch it. To get to conscious, the Dashboard, type yourcoolnewdomain.com/wp-admin into Essay, your browser – this is where you’ll do everything else related to building/customizing your site. It’d probably be a good idea to bookmark that link! Add “/wp-admin” to My Behavior and Experiences Required by Graduate, your domain to in Cyberspace Essay, reach the WordPress Dashboard. Note: It can sometimes take up to an hour for the web host to set up your account. Of The System Essay? While you’ll be able to access your cPanel right away, your domain might not be accessible for that hour or so.
You can read more about in Cyberspace this here. Normally, WordPress doesn’t do any hand-holding; once you log into the Dashboard, you’ve got access to reflective, all the in Cyberspace, tools and it’s up to you to figure out nixon, what they all do. However, the Essay, version of WordPress that HostGator’s cPanel script installs comes with a short wizard that can guide you through the process of setting a few things up. Conscious And Unconscious? But we aren’t going to use it. The wizard might be useful for some people, but it contains a few steps that’ll set things up that I don’t think you need – like a business address.
Plus, it’s good to in Cyberspace, understand how the WordPress Dashboard works, so we’re going to set everything up manually. Don’t worry, it’s not too much work #128578; To get started, hit the “I don’t need help” link beneath the Business and and Experiences to Those by Graduate, Personal buttons. Click “I don’t need help” – we’re going to do this manually so you understand every step. Next, we’re going to take a minute to clean house. Along with the wizard, HostGator’s version of WordPress comes pre-installed with a few plugins that you either don’t need, or that are inferior to the ones I’ll recommend a little later in the guide.
Let’s get rid of Essay, them in to Those Required by Graduate, order to keep things simple and clean. On the left side of the in Cyberspace Essay, Dashboard click Plugins. Check the box next to Jetpack by schema theory, WordPress.com, MOJO Marketplace, and Protection in Cyberspace Essay, OptinMonster API. Click the drop-down menu labeled “Bulk Actions” and select Deactivate. Hit Apply. Now, check the box next to all the plugins – except Akismet. Click the Bulk Actions drop-down once again and select Delete. Hit Apply.
Deleting default plugins. What’s Akismet, you ask? Akismet is reflective models a plugin that helps keep blog comment sections free of spam. If you decide to add a blog to your website (which is really easy with WordPress), and you’d like to enable comments on your posts, Akismet will come in handy. If not, you can always come back later and Protection Essay, delete it. Now, before we get our hands dirty with the sainsbury's store manager, business of creating pages and all that, let’s take a few minutes to get a feel for the WordPress Dashboard. WordPress is Protection Essay a system that’s pretty easy to use and navigate – especially since the creators implemented tutorial features in schema theory, version 3.3. However, I’d still like to give you a quick overview of what’s available to you. Protection Essay? Here’s a shot of what you should see when you log in: The WordPress Dashboard – where all the work gets done. The big welcome message in the middle is there to help you while you’re first getting started, so it’s good to check it out.
Beneath this message are a bunch of widgets, but you won’t need to do much with them right now. What I’d like to go over conscious and unconscious, are the in Cyberspace Essay, links in Comparing to Those by Graduate Employers, the sidebar – these are all the Essay, core functions of WordPress. Note that hovering over each of these links will cause additional options to show up. Also, the one that’s active will show its additional options by Required by Graduate Employers, default right underneath it. Dashboard – the Protection Essay, “home base” of WordPress. Sainsbury's Store Salary? This is Protection what you seen when you log in, and it contains whatever widgets you’ve chosen to show on it.
Posts – the heart and soul of and Experiences by Graduate Employers, WordPress. Protection? This is where you’ll go when you want to write a blog post or edit an scandal existing one. Media – a central repository for any pictures, sound files, video, and Protection in Cyberspace Essay, other pieces of media that you upload to nixon watergate scandal, your site. Here you can browse through and edit media you’ve uploaded to Protection, your posts and reflective driscoll, upload even more. Pages – here you can create Pages, which is what you’ll be using for the main content on your site. Pages are different from Posts because they will show up in your site’s main navigation instead of going on your list of blog posts. Protection? This makes Pages good for “timeless” content like your biography, work history, and contact info. Comments – here you can see the comments on your blog (if you decide to schema theory, have one). Appearance – this is where you’ll customize the look and Protection in Cyberspace Essay, feel of your site. There are options for reflective driscoll your site’s theme, menus, and the widgets you want to display.
There’s also a rudimentary code editor, but it’s not very good. If you’re getting to the point where you want to manually edit your site’s theme, I recommend CodeAnywhere. Protection? Plugins – this is where you can add and manage your plugins, which are like small apps that can give your site new functionality. There are a number of great plugins you should be using, but we’ll get to those a little later. Users – here you can manage the user profiles on your site. The Mission Of The Correctional Essay? Since this is a personal site, the Protection, only one that should be here is and unconscious your own. Tools – by default, the only things here are the Import/Export options, the Press This bookmarklet, and a Categories/Tags converter. Essay? Right now, you won’t need any of these. Schema Theory? Settings – this section houses all the Protection in Cyberspace Essay, general settings for your site. Models Driscoll? There’s a lot of stuff here.
Now that you know what does what, you should have an easier time navigating WordPress and Protection Essay, creating your site. Before you start making your pages, however, let’s take care of schema theory, a couple important things! When you create a page, WordPress makes the URL reflect the page title. For example, a page titled “Contact” would get a URL like yourcoolnewdomain.com/contact. Protection? This is watergate what you want. However, by default WordPress doesn’t do this for in Cyberspace Essay blog posts. Instead, it creates these ugly numeric URLs like yourcoolnewdomain.com/?p=123. These URLs don’t mean anything – it’s much better to make your blog post title be the URL. To do this, you need to change your permalink structure. Comparing To Those Required? This is pretty straightforward:
Choose the Post Name permalink setting. Now your blog post URLs will be much more memorable. This isn’t a ridiculously crucial thing to do, but I think it’s good to have your publishing time be accurate. Go to Settings - General. In the Protection, Timezone field, choose your timezone. Reflective Driscoll? Don’t know it? Here’s a handy tool. While you’re here, you can also go to the bottom and in Cyberspace Essay, change week’s starting day if you want.
Save your changes. Now that you’re done taking care of those little details, it’s time to conscious, create your pages and Protection Essay, get your content up on the web ! If you recall from the section detailing each part of sainsbury's store manager, WordPress, Pages are used for timeless content such as your biography and contact information. These pages will appear in your site’s top-level navigation, or 2nd-level navigation if you decide to create child pages. Take a look at Protection in Cyberspace Essay my site’s navigation once more to nixon watergate, get a feel for what you’re going for Protection in Cyberspace here: Since my current personal website primarily uses a one-page design (clicking the Comparing My Behavior to Those by Graduate Employers, links simply moves you to the corresponding section of the page), you can also take a look at one of my previous website designs, which used a multi-page approach: As you’re looking at these two different approaches, you might be asking yourself: “Should I go with a one-page or multi-page design?” This is up to you, but what you should keep in mind when deciding is that your site’s #1 job is to showcase your work and Protection Essay, expertise . Driscoll? The better it does that, the more likely people are going to in Cyberspace, want to hire you or work with you. If you study my current site, you’ll see that most of my main sections link out to other places on the web – my YouTube channel, my podcasts, the speaking page here on College Info Geek, etc. This is a strategic decision – as a professional YouTuber/writer, those are the best places for me to be directing people, since I benefit from people subscribing to my content rather than evaluating it. When I was a student, however, my priority was to get hired.
As a result, going with a multi-page design gave me a way to The Mission Correctional System Essay, give potential employers a one-stop shop to see my resume, bio, and a detailed look at my best work. So ask yourself – What’s my website’s purpose? Who is the Protection in Cyberspace Essay, intended audience? Use that information to guide your decision. If you’re a student, it’s likely that your main priority is getting hired or selected for scholarships/research opportunities/etc. And Experiences Required? I think a multi-page design works best for those purposes. Essay? In the end, though, it’s your choice! With that being said, here are a few pages/sections that I think should absolutely be included somewhere on My Behavior and Experiences to Those, your site if you’re trying to get hired.
These include: A brief About Me page, which you’ll set as your home page A more detailed Biography page A Resume page where you can list your education, work, etc (remember how I said I hate resumes? Having your resume on Protection, your website fixes all those things I hate) A Contact page that tells people how they can get in touch with you. It might have a contact form as well. Nixon Watergate? Note: I don’t recommend publicly listing your email address, phone number, or physical address on your site – spammers can easily grab that info. A contact form, along with links to your social profiles, is a much better option. Other pages you might think about in Cyberspace Essay adding, if they’re applicable to your life: A Portfolio to show off any kind of work you’ve done – graphic design, programming projects, writing – whatever. Conscious And Unconscious? On my previous site, I created a portfolio of my web work using a normal page template. You can make yours this way, or you can get a theme with a specific portfolio template.
Check out my girlfriend Anna’s site for an example. Essay? A Hire Me page. I strongly suggest you make this page, even if you aren’t currently looking for conscious and unconscious full-time work or freelance gigs. In Cyberspace Essay? This page tells people what you’re looking to do, and can help them picture where you’d fit better. Conscious And Unconscious? A Blog. WordPress is set up for blogging by default, but you’re going to set your homepage as a static About Me page. Therefore, you’ll need to in Cyberspace, set up your blog manually, which is still really easy.
You can also choose to leave the blog out if you want, but I think having one is conscious and unconscious a great way to show off your knowledge and thoughts. A Press page, where you can list any interviews or mentions you’ve gotten in Protection Essay, the media. Store Manager? An Impossible List . I think creating a page like this is really fun, and Protection, can help you solidify your life goals. If you’d like a more detailed explanation of the pages you should include, check out my post on essential website components – which also includes some great examples of other personal websites. It’s really up to Comparing to Those Required by Graduate Employers, you to Protection in Cyberspace, decide what pages you want to have on your site. I’m going to show you how to create your About Me page, and you can use the same steps to create the rest. Before you do that, though, you should delete the sample page and post that WordPress automatically puts up on your site. First, get rid of the schema theory, sample post by going to Posts on the WordPress Dashboard. Find the post titled “Hello World!” and Protection in Cyberspace, click Trash. Then go to Pages and The Mission Essay, do the same thing for the page titled Sample Page. Your About Me page will be the landing page of your site – the place visitors will see first.
Here you’ll want to have a short summary of Protection in Cyberspace Essay, who you are, what you’re studying, and the what work you do. It’s also good to have a picture of schema theory, yourself, and maybe even some quotes about in Cyberspace your work from other people. You should already be at the Pages section of the WordPress Dashboard. Find the button near the top that says Add New. You’ll see this screen when you do: Adding your first page. As you can see, creating pages in WordPress is pretty easy. To get your About Me page started, first enter a title in the Title Bar. It would probably make sense to title this page “ About Me” or “About your name”. Next, you’ll find the nixon watergate, body area. In Cyberspace? In most cases, you’d use this space to reflective, enter your content.
However, depending on the theme you choose (more on that in the next step), you might be entering your content somewhere else – so for now, just enter a sample sentence or two. Take a look at the different tools available for formatting your content; as you’ll find out, using WordPress isn’t all that different from using Microsoft Word. WordPress’ content editing tools. Most of these tools will allow you to format your text, add links, and Protection in Cyberspace Essay, so on. You can also use the Add Media button to Comparing My Behavior Employers, upload a photo and in Cyberspace, add it into schema theory, your post. To do this, place your cursor at Protection in Cyberspace the point in your content where you want the salary, photo to appear. Click the Add Media button upload a photo.
Once it uploads, you’ll see this: One of these is me. Bam boom zippity bop – you’ve got a photo on your page. So once you’ve got your photo and Protection in Cyberspace Essay, some text, go ahead and manager salary, hit Publish. This will make your page go live. Set Your “About Me” Page as Your Home Page. At this point, your About Me page should look something like this: How your page will look with WordPress’ current default theme. However, WordPress will show you blog section as the Protection in Cyberspace Essay, homepage by default rather than this page. Since this is a personal site rather than a blog, you’ll want this page to conscious and unconscious, be the first page visitors see when they get to your site.
Let’s set it as the home page: In the sidebar, hover over Settings and click Reading. In the Protection in Cyberspace, Front Page Displays section, click the radio button that says A Static Page Choose your About Me page to be the home page. If you want to schema theory, have a blog, create and publish a blank page called Blog and set it as the Posts Page. Save your changes. Setting your home page. Now, go back the the Pages section of WordPress and create the rest of your pages. In Cyberspace? This process should be relatively straightforward; the only one that may be more complicated is nixon watergate your Contact page.
This page can be really easy to create if all you want to do is link to Protection in Cyberspace Essay, your social media profiles. However, you may also want to System Essay, link your email address or add in a contact form. Making your email address clickable is really easy – just highlight any piece of text (I’ve actually typed out the [fake] email in this example, but you can use any text), click the Link icon (or hit CTRL/CMD+K) and in Cyberspace, type “mailto:[emailprotected]” without the quotes. Nixon Watergate? However, do note that making your email address public enables anyone to send emails to it – even spammers and bots. This is in Cyberspace Essay why I prefer using a contact form instead. Inserting an clickable email. If you decide you want to add in a contact form , you have two options.
You can either find a theme that has a built-in contact page template, or you can use whatever theme you want and add a contact form using a plugin. Sainsbury's Manager Salary? Either way, it’s really easy. I’ll cover the first option in Step 3 and Protection Essay, the second in Comparing and Experiences Required Employers, Step 4. If you’d like to add a blog page to your site, it’s ridiculously easy. Simply make another new page on in Cyberspace, site called “Blog” (or whatever you want, it doesn’t matter). Then on Comparing, your Dashboard go back to Settings - Reading and set your Posts page as that page you just created. From there, all you have to do is Protection Essay go to Posts and start writing. All your published blog posts should show up on that Blog page. If you’d like to learn more about creating a successful blog, then be sure to check out my comprehensive blog-building guide. At this point, you should have all your pages set up, assuming you’re going with a multi-page setup.
Now it’s time to make sure visitors are impressed when they hit your site. Let’s look at customizing your site’s look and feel. Step 3: Customize the Design with a Theme. One of the best things about WordPress is the stupidly large amount of themes available for your to use. Using a theme, you can change the look of salary, your site without needing to know any CSS or have any graphic design skills. A theme is basically a skin for Protection in Cyberspace Essay your site. It changes the look while retaining all the models driscoll, content you created. The first step in customizing your site’s look is to simply find a theme you like. This can be easier said than done, due to the huge amount of themes out Protection Essay, there.
I’m going to try and and unconscious, help you pick one out. Note that not all themes are created equal. Essay? Some themes are simple, offering just the basics, while others are monstrous creations with dozens of post types, animations, and extra bells and whistles. Driscoll? Some themes are made for specific types of Protection in Cyberspace Essay, sites, like magazines or restaurants. Typically, premium themes will offer a lot more options and give you greater flexibility than free themes.
They also come with another benefit – support from the theme developer. However, there are plenty of Comparing to Those Required by Graduate, great free themes out there you can use, so don’t think you absolutely need a premium theme. In fact, I’m using a free theme on Protection in Cyberspace, my personal website (which I’ve listed below). I’ve gone out and sainsbury's salary, found three themes that I think work well for Essay personal sites. Keep in mind that there are literally thousands of conscious and unconscious, themes out there, so this is just a starting point. This is the theme I’m using on my personal website.
It’s incredibly versatile, as it’s a builder-style theme that lets you customize each page to a huge degree. Also, it’s free. In the near future, I’ll be including a video in this section that’ll walk you through the in Cyberspace, basics of this theme. Until then, check out the documentation, and conscious and unconscious, install the demo content so you can get a feel for how things work (it’ll ask you whether you want to do this right after you activate the theme). Verbosa is another great free theme that gives you a lot of room for customizing the Protection in Cyberspace, look an feel. It’s not a builder-style theme, so you can’t edit the schema theory, structure as much as you can with Simple, but you do have a lot of other options. In my opinion, Verbosa is in Cyberspace Essay easier to learn than Simple, which is a fair trade-off for store its lower level of flexibility. Lovecraft is, by in Cyberspace, admission, a theme for bloggers – but with its great typography, clean menu, and large image area, you could also use it to make a great-looking personal website. Unlike the My Behavior and Experiences by Graduate, previous three themes I’ve listed here, Ultra is a premium theme. In Cyberspace Essay? That means it costs money – around $50 as I write this. So why pay for a theme when there are so many free ones out there?
Simply put, it’s flexibility. Ultra is a theme made by conscious, Themify – the same people who made Simple, which is the Protection Essay, free theme I mentioned above. While Simple is indeed very flexible – especially for a free theme – Ultra takes things up a notch. For instance, Ultra includes 15 different header styles, which means you can put your logo and menu items wherever you want. Driscoll? You also have a lot more choice when it comes to colors, fonts, and pre-built page layouts. Additionally, there’s a portfolio feature that lets you easily showcase your work. Personally, I find the Essay, free Simple theme to be enough for my needs. If you need additional features and The Mission Correctional Essay, even more flexibility, though, Ultra is my top recommendation.
Note: Since Simple and Ultra are made by the same people and use the same foundation, you can start out in Cyberspace, with Simple and transfer everything you’ve created to Ultra if you end up needing it. Want even more themes? Here are some great places to look: Official WordPress theme repository – the of the Correctional System, biggest source of free themes Themify – my current favorite place to find WordPress themes ThemeForest – which has a ton of themes, so check out this search for some good ones for personal websites. Like I said, the theme options you have are literally endless. Explore and find something you like! Also, see if the in Cyberspace, theme you’ve chosen has a template for a contact page. Conscious And Unconscious? If it does, you’ll be able to put up a contact form without using a plugin. Once you’ve found something that you like well enough, let’s get it installed.
Wherever you found your theme, download it to Protection Essay, your computer. The theme will probably come in sainsbury's manager, a .zip file. Essay? Look inside this zip file. If you see files like index.php, header.php, and footer.php in that very first folder, you’re good. If you find that those files are buried in sub folders, you’ll need extract everything and create a zip folder of conscious, whatever folder contains those files. Most themes will come with documentation that tells you how or even if you need to do this, so consult that for help if you need it. Once you have the final .zip file, it’s time to install it. On the WordPress Dashboard, hover over Protection Essay, Appearance and click Themes. Click the tab at the top that says Install Themes.
Find and click the link that says Upload. Choose your .zip file and and click Install Now. Make sure the theme was installed successfully, and click Activate. Uploading a theme. From this point forward, I can’t really cover theme setup in this tutorial. Themes are so diverse that it’d just be impossible for me to cover everything. Watergate? Luckily, most good themes come with documentation that will walk you through setting them up. Almost every WordPress theme out in Cyberspace Essay, there will give you some options for customizing your site’s logo, colors, and conscious, other features. Some themes might come bundled with special menu areas in the Dashboard for certain settings, but most of your customizing will be done at Protection in Cyberspace the built-in WordPress Customize Tool.
To access it, hover over Appearance, then click Customize. Once you’ve opened the scandal, tool, you’ll see a live preview of Protection in Cyberspace Essay, your site, along with a number of options on the left. To Those Required? Every theme will include different options, so you’ll have to in Cyberspace Essay, play around with it yourself to reflective driscoll, see what’s possible with the theme you’ve chosen. Here’s an Protection idea of what it looks like: Here, I’ve changed my site’s logo using the Customize tool.
Once you’ve made all of schema theory, your changes, click Save Publish at the top of the menu to make your changes live. Remember: Depending on your theme, the Customize Tool might not be the only area where you can make changes! For example, the theme I’m using on my personal website, Simple (linked above), features an entire page builder tool that can be accessed on every page. Always make sure to check out the documentation for your theme so you know what all your options are. One thing I’ll go over Protection in Cyberspace, before we head into the next section: WordPress’ Custom Menu functionality. Since I published this tutorial, a lot of manager, people have asked me how to create custom menus on their sites. Specifically, they wanted to do things like:
Change the order of the pages in Protection, their menu Create menu items that would drop down to and unconscious, display more pages related to Protection in Cyberspace, a main page. Ask, and ye shall receive. I’ve created a short video that will guide you through the whole process of creating a custom menu for your site. Oh, and one more thing before we move on… I bet you’re wondering how to get a cool logo for your personal website like I have on conscious, mine. Well, you could design yourself on Protection in Cyberspace Essay, using Photoshop or another program if you have the graphic design chops. I certainly didn’t have those chops, though.
I actually used a service called Fiverr to have mine done. Fiverr is Comparing My Behavior and Experiences to Those Required Employers a website that lets people pay $5 to Protection in Cyberspace Essay, other people in exchange for… well, almost anything. Comparing My Behavior And Experiences To Those By Graduate? I just went there, searched for in Cyberspace Essay “logo”, and picked the option with the most gigs and highest satisfaction rate. $5 for driscoll a logo ain’t bad! Now that you’ve got your theme, it’s time to Protection in Cyberspace, tweak things a little bit further by adding plugins and widgets. Step 4: Improve Your Site with Plugins and Widgets. Alone, WordPress is watergate scandal a great system with a lot of Protection, functionality. However, the true beauty of WordPress lies in its ability to work with plugins – small (or large) pieces of models, packaged code that add functionality to Protection Essay, your site. There are several plugins that I believe are absolutely essential to of the System, any WordPress site, and more still that you may want to install as well. Installing plugins is pretty straightforward.
Unlike themes, almost every plugin you’ll ever need is kept in the official WordPress plugin repository. Therefore, you don’t need to upload .zip files – you can actually just search for plugins right from your Dashboard and in Cyberspace Essay, install them! To do this: On the WordPress Dashboard, hover over Plugins and click Add New. Search for the plugin you want. The search function isn’t amazing, so you’ll usually get the best results by typing in the exact name of the and unconscious, plugin you’re searching for.
Click Details to read about the in Cyberspace, plugin or Install Now to install it. After you install, click Activate. If there’s any setup required for the plugin, take care of it. Important Note: Plugins work directly with the guts of your WordPress installation. It’s important that you be discerning on what plugins you choose to Comparing and Experiences to Those by Graduate Employers, install on your blog; make sure you trust what you’re installing. This is where you’ll search for in Cyberspace and install plugins. I recommend looking up plugins at the WordPress Plugin Directory before installing them. If a plugin has a low star rating, it might be broken – or even worse, it could have security vulnerabilities that can open up your blog to manager salary, attacks.
Be careful out in Cyberspace Essay, there, trooper. There are several plugins that I wouldn’t be caught dead without on these high seas of the Internet. Sainsbury's Store Salary? I recommend you use them as well. I’ll link to each one’s repository page, but remember that you can install them directly from your Dashboard just by searching. Loginizer – no, this plugin doesn’t turn your site into a Wolverine fan blog (that would be Logan izer), but it does prevent people from getting unlimited chances at trying to log into your Dashboard. After a few failed attempts, this plugin will block the IP address of the person trying to Protection in Cyberspace Essay, log in. It’s a great boost to your site’s security. Ninja Forms – a simple, easy-to-use contact form plugin. Check out the documentation for instructions on how to get everything set up. Schema Theory? WP Super Cache – simply put, this plugin will make your site load a lot faster for your visitors.
By default, WordPress pulls information from its database each time a visitor loads a page. This plugin will “cache” a lot of that information, letting it be loaded really quickly without the need for in Cyberspace Essay a database call. And Experiences To Those By Graduate Employers? Yoast SEO – a great plugin that optimized your site’s SEO (search engine optimization) potential. This makes you more findable by search engines. It’s also pretty complex, so follow this tutorial to Protection in Cyberspace, set it up. UpdraftPlus – probably the best free site backup plugin I’ve seen. Comparing My Behavior And Experiences To Those Required By Graduate? Lets you manually back up your database or your entire site. In Cyberspace Essay? You can also set regular, scheduled backups (which I recommend), and send them off to remote destinations like Dropbox, Amazon S3, email, etc. These plugins are just the The Mission Correctional System, tip of the iceberg. Protection In Cyberspace? If there’s something you want to do with your site, there’s probably a plugin that can help you do it.
Alright, now that you’ve got your plugins installed, let’s move on reflective models, to the final bit – widgets. Widgets are elements that you can place on any part of your theme that has been “widgetized” – that is, set up for widgets to display. There are already a few widgets displaying on your site by default, like Category, Recent Posts, and Meta (though some themes might not display them everywhere). To edit the widgets that are displayed on your site, follow these steps: On the WordPress Dashboard, hover over Appearance and click on Widgets. On the right side of the screen, you’ll see all of the widget areas that have been created for your theme. Drag the widgets you want from the middle area into in Cyberspace Essay, the correct boxes. Store Manager Salary? Change any specific widget settings you need to change. Widgets are automatically saved when you drag them in or out of a box. By the way, you can use the Widget Context plugin if you want to Protection Essay, specify certain pages that a widget will or won’t be displayed on.
This keeps things from getting redundant. Since this is of the Correctional System a personal site , there are some specific widgets you might want to show: Links – if you have friends who also have personal sites, it can be cool to Protection in Cyberspace, link to them. I did this on my previous personal site’s sidebar; it was a cool way to manager salary, build a visual network of student entrepreneurs. Essay? Text – as it says, this is a widget for “arbitrary text or HTML”. You can put anything in this list, granted that you know a smidgen of code.
For instance, you could add a picture of conscious and unconscious, yourself and a super-short bio like I’ve done on this site. Or you can embed your tweets using Twitter’s Profile Widget. There are a lot of Protection Essay, possibilities here. You should now have a fully functional website! You’ve got all your pages created, your menus set, a kick-ass theme, some great plugins, and a few widgets in your sidebar.
Congratulations! You’ve just upped your internet cred +1000 and simultaneously made yourself a much more attractive candidate for any job you might want to go for. Very nice! (Image by of the Correctional, rhodes on Flickr) Here’s a quick to-do list to Protection, make sure you get the most out of your site: Make yourself some kick-ass business cards and be sure to include your URL on schema theory, them Put your URL in in Cyberspace, your Twitter bio Add your URL to your other social networks – Facebook, Pinterest, LinkedIn, Google+, etc.
Add your URL to schema theory, the top of your resume Start thinking of your site as your online “base of in Cyberspace, operations” At this point, you can consider your site “done”. In the next step, I’ll outline some ways you can take your site to the next level. Whether you decide to do that or not, I’d like to ask you to do one thing… Leave a comment with your new site’s URL! I’d love to check it out and see what you were able to come up with. If you decided to skim through this tutorial first and still aren’t sure if you’re up for this process, here’s one last thing that will show you how easy it is. In this video, I go through the and unconscious, entire process of building a site in less than 10 minutes (plus a couple minutes explaining things).
Alright, so for those of in Cyberspace, you who want to conscious, go above and beyond, let’s take the final step. Step 5 (Optional): Make Your Site Even Better. The purpose of this tutorial was to get you from zero to having a working website as easily as possible. However, you can do so much more to optimize your site’s design, speed, SEO, security, navigation, typography… your options are endless. That’s why I want to show you some of the things you can do to take your site to Protection in Cyberspace, the next level. Sainsbury's Store Manager? I’ll also point you to some resources you can use to get started! I started building websites when I was 12. At first, I was just using the super-old school Geocities site building tool to drag and drop elements. It was fun, but it wasn’t enough.
Eventually I found that I needed to Protection, learn some code, and I began teaching myself HTML. Luckily, the web has come really far in recent years. With content management systems like WordPress, anyone can make a beautiful website (as you just did) without knowing any code whatsoever. Still, clicking around WordPress can only get you so far. My Behavior To Those By Graduate? There comes a point where you want to take your site to the next level, and you’ll need some web development knowledge to do it. With that in mind, here are some resources you can use to kickstart your web development education. To keep things free, stick with these online resources:
Codecourse – an amazing channel to watch free video tutorials on all different kinds of coding languages, including PHP, which is in Cyberspace what drives WordPress. Web Design Tuts – part of the very large Tuts+ network ran by Envato. I’ve linked to one of their great beginners’ series. WordPress Codex – the official documentation of WordPress. There are a lot of and unconscious, great tutorials here, as well as a complete function reference for when you start getting really geeky. In Cyberspace Essay? Smashing Magazine – an amazing online magazine with articles about every aspect of web development. One additional resource I recommend, but that isn’t free, is Lynda.com. This is an sainsbury's store manager amazing site to Protection, hit up if you’re looking for reflective video courses on literally any web development topic. In fact, many universities offer their students free subscriptions to this site. Ask your school’s IT department to find out if yours is one of Protection, them.
Another great video-based learning library is Treehouse. Their library isn’t as extensive as Lynda’s, but they still have a lot to The Mission of the Essay, offer – especially in the area of web development. I actually prefer Treehouse over in Cyberspace, Lynda, as they include code challenges and quizzes with their video-based projects. The Mission Of The Essay? In fact, I learned to build an iPhone app in just two days by in Cyberspace, using Treehouse. Unfortunately, I have yet to see any schools offering free subscriptions to My Behavior and Experiences to Those by Graduate Employers, their students – but that doesn’t stop your from asking!
Professional WordPress: Design and Development by Hal Stern – for the serious geek only. This book digs deep into WordPress. Only buy this if you’re interested in learning how the Core and Loop work or how to start building themes and plugins. Don’t Make Me Think by nixon watergate, Steve Krug – the kickstart guide to web usability. A great way to learn how to make websites usable and accessible. Web development education is a huge field, and I’m not going to pretend I can cover it all in Protection Essay, one post.
These resources will get you started, but know that there are lots of other great ones out there. One of the best ways to The Mission of the, learn is simply talking to in Cyberspace Essay, other developers! Now that I’ve gone through ways you can learn web development, I’ll round out this post with some links that will teach you specific things you can do to make your site even better. Here are some of conscious, my favorite WordPress-related blogs, which I read regularly to learn how to make my sites awesome: And to get you started, one thing you may want to do is enable Google Analytics to track visitor statistics (thanks to Shep McAllister for reminding me to Protection Essay, add this)
You might not feel the weight of that word, especially if you just browsed through this article first before getting started. For me, though, it’s amazing to reflective driscoll, look at after spending over 15 hours writing this tutorial. Hopefully, you now have a completely functional website and a budding knowledge and interest in web development. If you’ve gained either of those things, I’ve done my job! Remember, if you need any help, you can contact me. I’ll either help you directly or point you to Protection Essay, people or resources that can be of assistance. You can also just connect with me on Twitter without a need for help – I’d love to meet you!
Here’s a Pinterest-worthy image if you’d like to reflective models, share this post there. Did you find this tutorial useful? Want to give back a little? It only takes a second to share this post on Protection Essay, Facebook or Twitter, and it helps other students find College Info Geek. Or, you can use the image to the right for sharing on Pinterest! Thanks. If you want to get updates when I release more great content like this in the future, be sure to sign up for my email newsletter below! Thomas Frank is the geek behind College Info Geek . After paying off $14K in student loans before graduating, landing jobs and internships, starting a successful business, and travelling the The Mission Essay, globe, he's now on a mission to help you build a remarkable college experience as well.
Get the Protection in Cyberspace, Newsletter | Twitter | Instagram. You are here: College Info Geek » Blog » Internet » The Ultimate Guide To Building A Personal Website. Did you find this article useful? Over 150,000 awesome students are learning how to dominate their classes, get more done, and land the jobs they want - and and Experiences by Graduate, you should too. Join in, and in Cyberspace, I'll also send you a free copy of my book on earning better grades! 346 Comments on The Ultimate Guide To Building A Personal Website I’m Rishabh Gupta, MBA Business analytics student.
I want to make own personal website. But I am facing probleam to select the name for the website. rishabhgupta.com has already purchased by another person. I have some options : Could you suggest me any good name or any idea. Hi Thomas, thank you for this great guide. Feel free to of the Correctional System Essay, check the website and leave me a message about what you think #128578; Hi Thomas! Thank you for this amazing guide, i’ll try it but i feel a little lost, because i have a bookblog, but i want to do a YouTube channel about movies, so i feel that i have a lot of Essay, content and i don’t know how to organize it. I want something like your blog/podcast/YouTube channel, you have a concept and conscious, you work it in Protection Essay, an amazing way, but i feel that i’m running in circles. Can you please give some advice?
It sounds like you have a lot of interests, which is great! However, I’ve found that focusing in one one things is a much better tactic if you want to build an audience, so if that’s your goal, I’d try to Correctional Essay, pick a main topic to cover. Essay? If you just want to blog and make videos for fun, though, you could just brand your site around yourself and your hobbies #128578; Keep in mind that I’ve been building College Info Geek for nixon over 7 years at this point, so the Protection in Cyberspace Essay, mix that you see is the result of a very long-term effort that involved a lot of pitfalls. Hey Thomas, I just jumped ship and made my own website! I have a million questions that are mostly typical start-up questions I can figure out along the way, but the main one is how I get the HTTPS/SSL security on the page so Google will allow it because now it doesn’t even have the “http://www.blah” or even “www.blah” I also like the idea of having a secure site. Driscoll? Thanks for the help! SSL is an add-on that you can purchase when you’re buying your hosting. If you log into your billing portal (assuming you’re using the host I recommend in in Cyberspace, this guide), I believe you can add it onto your existing account as well. If you add SSL to your account before you install WordPress, then it should be a pretty easy thing to and unconscious, set up – all you need to do is make sure that the URL in in Cyberspace, your Settings-General area of the Dashboard contains https instead of conscious, http. However, if you want to convert an existing WordPress site to using SSL, there’s a bit more work to do.
I’d recommend reading through this guide on how to do it; it seems pretty comprehensive. http://www.wpsuperstars.net/ssl-certificates-and-wordpress/ Hope that helps! This has been a super useful and informative guide, which I really appreciate! But, since registering the domain name my texts, email, and Protection in Cyberspace, phone number have been plagued with spam all regarding my domain. How do I end this? Glad you enjoyed the guide!
If that’s happening, the first thing you should do is check to nixon watergate, make sure your phone number and email address aren’t publicly displayed on your site. If they aren’t, then you can add privacy protection to your domain name. Protection Essay? Here’s how to do it: https://www.hostgator.com/help/article/launchpad-how-to-enable-whois-privacy. Hey Thomas, thanks for schema theory this amazing guide but because I wanted to Protection, start working as a freelance website creator I wanted to and unconscious, create a site without using WordPress, do you know any good tutorials ? There are a TON of place to learn how to build websites from scratch – I’d recommend starting with Codecademy and maybe going through some of the classes on Treehouse. However, I will note that WordPress can be a fantastic tool for freelance website creators; in fact, if you’re just starting out, it’ll probably take you a long time to learn how to do many of the things that modern clients are going to want on their websites. While I definitely recommend doing all you can to learn the Protection in Cyberspace, ins and outs of web development, it’s always a good idea to use the tools you have at conscious and unconscious your disposal to get the job done right! I’m Cas, and in Cyberspace, I’ve been a fan of your work. My Behavior And Experiences To Those Required By Graduate? I have my website up and running now and would like to show it to you #128578; I do have a question though. How can I make the mobile version of my webpage look better? It’s now very basic and not how I want to make it look at all. Great start with your site!
Since you’re using Simple, you can actually customize how your site should look at in Cyberspace Essay mobile screen resolutions. Reflective? Check out the 3rd picture in the Builder documentation here: https://themify.me/docs/builder – it points out options like Column Options and Column Direction. Protection In Cyberspace Essay? Hope that helps! Thanks so much for guiding me through the process. This really is a fantastic way to conscious, improve one’s networking opportunities. Je suis tres reconnaissant pour les conseils ! Awesome site, Brandon! Love the language choice feature #128578; Hi!!
I just made my website using this post. It was super in-depth and incredibly helpful! I’m going to get the hang of things first for in Cyberspace Essay a few weeks before “upgrading” it like you mentioned at the end of The Mission of the System Essay, this post. Protection Essay? As a recent communications graduate looking for work, I am excited to watergate, have this website to show employers. Love the Impossible List, Denise! Remember to flesh out Essay, that blog before sending the site to employers #128578;
Hey! I’m so not a tech-savvy person, which is why I almost kept my old blog and models driscoll, forgot about the idea of a personal website. Essay? I’m sure there were things I missed along the schema theory, way, but I followed your guide meticulously and am delighted with the finished product. I hope to add videos/recent work to a portfolio page soon and Protection, I can’t wait to compose posts for my new blog. I also learned a lot about computers and design along the sainsbury's store manager salary, way… #128578; Great-looking site, Kaitlyn. Cool to Essay, see that you’re into swing dancing – I’m going to be starting lessons soon! Make A Personal Website – Step-By-Step Video Tutorial. 'Sup. I'm Thomas, the guy behind this site.
I'm obsessed with geeky books, travel, and finding better ways to schema theory, do things. Protection In Cyberspace Essay? I want to help you make college a remarkable experience. Learn more. Want more? Join over 150,000 students and grab my free book on earning better grades > So here's the deal.
I want to schema theory, help you be awesome at college, and I'd love it if you joined my newsletter so I can keep you up to date. I'm concerned with helping you win big in college. That's why you see in-depth guides on Essay, getting smarter, landing jobs, and destroying debt here - instead of dumb posts on how to do laundry in your dorm bathroom. My newsletter subscribers get even more - tools for nixon scandal impressing recruiters, bonus tips, and Protection in Cyberspace, a free copy of my book 10 Steps to Earning Awesome Grades (While Studying Less). You in?
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Analog Circuit Design Engineer Resume. Posted on: 2008-09-12. In Cyberspace! This button will open the schema theory login/register page in in Cyberspace Essay, a new tab. After logging in, come back to this page and refresh your browser. Member, The Analog VLSI Lab, The Ohio State University, Columbus. IEEE Student member, Communications, Circuits and models Systems Societies. E-mail: (email hidden) Phone: (phone hidden) Residence: D, Worthington Ave, Columbus, Ohio-, USA Web page : bala.co.nr. Protection In Cyberspace! Goal- To be a part of a team of highly motivated designers in a company that provides excellent learning opportunities and in turn. satisfy the thirst for knowledge.
Keywords - Analog Circuit Design, VLSI, RF Circuit Design, High Speed Analog to and unconscious Digital Converters, Phase Locked Loops, VHDL, RTL, Logic Design, Cadence, Layout Design, Clock and Protection Data Recovery, TSMC .um, DNA Classification, bio-technology, image processing.. MASTER OF SCIENCE (M.S.) Aug’ – Dec’ (Expected) • Majoring in Analog VLSI. Pursuing M.S. at The Analog VLSI Lab, The Department of Electrical and Computer. Engineering, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA. CGPA: . / (Up to quarters; Joined OSU in Fall. ). TOEFL CBT Score: / GRE Score: / (Verbal: /, Quantitative: /, Essay: ./) BACHELOR OF ENGINEERING (B.E.) July’ – May’ • B.E. From Misrimal Navajee Munoth Jain Engineering College, Anna University, Chennai, India. Rank in the.
Department of ECE: th out of sainsbury's store salary, students. • Cadence (Virtuoso, Spectre, Analog Design Environment and Virtuoso Layout Editor), TopSpice. • Advanced Design Systems (ADS) from Agilent for RF Circuit Design. • FPGA system design using Altera Quartus, AHDL, VHDL, Modelsim; RTL and Protection gate level design. • Technologies worked on: .um CMOS from store manager salary, TSMC, .um CMOS from Protection, TSMC and .um CMOS from NCSU. • Microsoft Windows (., , , ME, XP, Vista) • Macintosh OSX (basic knowledge) • Linux (Ubuntu, Red Hat) RELEVANT COURSE WORK. • Introduction to Analog Integrated Circuits, Introduction to Digital Signal Processing, Microwave Circuits. Watergate! Winter’ Jan’ – Mar’ • Low Power Mixed Signal VLSI Design, Microwave Transistor Amplifiers and Oscillators, Digital Logic Lab. Essay! Spring’ Apr’ – June’ • Introduction to RF Integrated Circuits, Digital and Mixed Signal VLSI Design, Analog VLSI Design, Seminar on Bio. • Advanced Computer Design. • Thesis: A -bit, Gsps Sub-ranging Flash ADC in .um CMOS with digitally controlled speed and power. Research Interests Aug’ - Dec’ High Speed Analog to Digital Converters, Phase Locked Loops, Bio-Technology, Image Processing.
Member of the. research group of The Analog VLSI Laboratory founded and directed by Professor Mohammed Ismail. CURRENT AREAS OF WORK. Flash Analog to Digital Converter: • Developed a High Speed CMOS subranging Flash ADC for models UWB applications. stage sub ranging bits . Essay! Gsps Flash. The Mission Of The System! consuming mW with digital speed and power setting. Phase Locked Loops: • Developed and optimized the phase locked loop for a clock and data recovery circuit working at Gbps and a clocking. frequency of GHz in a .um CMOS technology for a Clock and Essay Data Recovery System. Schema Theory! IEEE RECOGNISED PUBLICATIONS. • Balasubramanian Sivakumar, Athreya Vydhyanathan, Mohammed Ismail, (), “A . Gsps -bit Stage Pipelined.
Flash Analog to Digital Converter for UWB Applications Targeting stage Time Interleaving Architecture”, MNRC. , Ottawa, Canada, October -, . [Also selected at WASET , Venice, Italy; ICACTE , Pukhet, • Balasubramanian Sivakumar, Shankar Thirunakarasu, (), “Current Pumping and Voltage Pulling, an Application to. a . Gsps Flash ADC”, published at ICACTE , Pukhet, Thailand, December -, . [Also selected at. WASET , Venice, Italy]. • Balasubramanian Sivakumar, Bharath Anand, Winston Paul, (), “Development of Protocol for Multi-User Wireless. CDMA Computer Network with Variable Data Rate and Protection Dynamic Code Length Allocation in Ad-Hoc Mode”, ICCIMA, Sivakasi, India, Dec -, . • Balasubramanian Sivakumar, (), “Image Encryption Using Infinte Series Convergence”, The International. Correctional! Conference on Systems Engineering, (ICSENG’), University of in Cyberspace, Nevada, Las Vegas, USA, Aug.-, . Store! • Developed a . GSPS, bit pipelined flash ADC aimed at time interleaved architecture having eight levels of. interleaving, developed layout, performed corner and Monte Carlo simulations. • Constructed a Narrow Band Filter at . GHz, with a bandwidth of Protection Essay, MHz, for an . filter. • Constructed a Class F Amplifier for a microwave circuit operating at GHz. Schema Theory! • Developed the Protection protocol, software(in Matlab) and of the Correctional System Essay simulated the Protection in Cyberspace Essay hardware(in VHDL) for a wireless computer network. And Unconscious! working with symbol synchronous CDMA technology in Ad Hoc mode with dynamic code and code length allocation. for variable data rates for my final year project in under graduate. • Constructed a low power, medium range FM signal and speech transmitter for the rd semester mini project in Protection in Cyberspace Essay, under. • Image processing in medical imaging, to Essay detect fractures, tumors etc. Image encryption through scrambling using an. infinite series and its convergence value as an encipher algorithm which was developed. This algorithm produces zero. error decryption. It has a reciprocal key of variable length, depending on image size and in Cyberspace user input.
It is usually around. bits, i.e. an bit key. • Data compression using polynomial, Gaussian, Bessel function approximations of The Mission of the Correctional System Essay, data and positions. These processes. are only very good approximations but not accurate. This method promises to provide a compression ratio such that it. requires only around coefficients in the place of data lengths much larger than .*^. • Author for the Matlab tutorial for Electronz, the ECE department News Letter in Protection, MNMJEC. • Author and Judge for the C Coding Challenge in Electronz, the ECE department News Letter in MNMJEC. • Received an invitation to driscoll join the International High IQ Society, after securing an IQ Score of . • Editor for Electronz, the ECE department News Letter in MNMJEC. In Cyberspace! • Organizer for the LAN games for the ECE department symposium in MNMJEC. • Member of IEEE, member of Circuits and Systems and Communications societies. SUMMER INTERNSHIP Jun’ – Sep’ Summer Internship at The Integrated Systems Lab at Anna University, India worked under Prof.
P.V.Ramakrishna. Worked on optimization of watergate scandal, PLLs, Matlab modeling of filters, matching networks for Low Noise Amplifiers and bio-technology. In Cyberspace! References: Prof. Mohammed Ismail. 2017, Women's Job List LLC.
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conservatism essays Liberals in the United States have been losing political debates to conservatives for a quarter century. In order to start winning again, liberals must answer two simple questions: what is Protection in Cyberspace Essay conservatism, and schema theory what is wrong with it? As it happens, the answers to these questions are also simple: Q: What is conservatism? A: Conservatism is the domination of Essay society by an aristocracy. Q: What is wrong with conservatism? A: Conservatism is incompatible with democracy, prosperity, and conscious civilization in general. It is a destructive system of inequality and prejudice that is founded on deception and Protection in Cyberspace has no place in the modern world. These ideas are not new. Indeed they were common sense until recently.
Nowadays, though, most of the people who call themselves conservatives have little notion of what conservatism even is. They have been deceived by Comparing My Behavior by Graduate Employers, one of the great public relations campaigns of human history. Protection In Cyberspace! Only by analyzing this deception will it become possible to revive democracy in the United States. //1 The Main Arguments of Conservatism. From the pharaohs of ancient Egypt to reflective models the self-regarding thugs of ancient Rome to Protection Essay the glorified warlords of sainsbury's salary medieval and Protection absolutist Europe, in nearly every urbanized society throughout human history, there have been people who have tried to constitute themselves as an aristocracy. These people and their allies are the conservatives. The tactics of The Mission Correctional conservatism vary widely by Protection Essay, place and schema theory time. But the Protection in Cyberspace, most central feature of of the Correctional Essay conservatism is in Cyberspace Essay deference: a psychologically internalized attitude on the part of the common people that the aristocracy are better people than they are. Modern-day liberals often theorize that conservatives use social issues as a way to mask economic objectives, but this is conscious almost backward: the true goal of conservatism is to establish an aristocracy, which is Protection a social and schema theory psychological condition of inequality. Economic inequality and regressive taxation, while certainly welcomed by the aristocracy, are best understood as a means to Protection in Cyberspace their actual goal, which is simply to be aristocrats.
More generally, it is crucial to conservatism that the sainsbury's manager salary, people must literally love the Protection in Cyberspace Essay, order that dominates them. Sainsbury's Manager Salary! Of course this notion sounds bizarre to modern ears, but it is perfectly overt in the writings of leading conservative theorists such as Burke. Democracy, for them, is not about the mechanisms of voting and office-holding. In fact conservatives hold a wide variety of opinions about such secondary formal matters. Protection In Cyberspace! For conservatives, rather, democracy is a psychological condition. People who believe that the schema theory, aristocracy rightfully dominates society because of its intrinsic superiority are conservatives; democrats, by contrast, believe that they are of equal social worth. Conservatism is the antithesis of democracy. This has been true for Protection in Cyberspace Essay thousands of years.
The defenders of aristocracy represent aristocracy as a natural phenomenon, but in reality it is the most artificial thing on earth. Although one of the goals of every aristocracy is to make its preferred social order seem permanent and timeless, in reality conservatism must be reinvented in every generation. This is true for nixon watergate many reasons, including internal conflicts among the aristocrats; institutional shifts due to climate, markets, or warfare; and Protection Essay ideological gains and losses in the perpetual struggle against democracy. In some societies the aristocracy is rigid, closed, and stratified, while in others it is more of an Comparing My Behavior and Experiences by Graduate Employers aspiration among various fluid and factionalized groups. The situation in the United States right now is toward the latter end of the spectrum. A main goal in Protection life of all aristocrats, however, is to pass on their positions of privilege to their children, and many of the aspiring aristocrats of the The Mission of the Correctional System Essay, United States are appointing their children to positions in government and in the archipelago of think tanks that promote conservative theories.
Conservatism in every place and time is founded on deception. Protection Essay! The deceptions of conservatism today are especially sophisticated, simply because culture today is sufficiently democratic that the myths of earlier times will no longer suffice. Before analyzing current-day conservatism's machinery of deception, let us outline the main arguments of conservatism. Although these arguments have changed little through history, they might seem unfamiliar to many people today, indeed even to people who claim to store be conservatives. That unfamiliarity is a very recent phenomenon. Yet it is only through the classical arguments and their fallacies that we can begin to analyze how conservatism operates now. According to the first type of argument, found for example in Burke, social institutions are a kind of capital. Protection In Cyberspace! A properly ordered society will be blessed with large quantities of this capital. This capital has very particular properties. Nixon Watergate! It is a sprawling tangle of social arrangements and patterns of thought, passed down through generations as part of the culture.
It is generally tacit in nature and cannot be rationally analyzed. Protection! It is schema theory fragile and must be conserved, because a society that lacks it will collapse into Protection Essay, anarchy and tyranny. Innovation is bad, therefore, and prejudice is good. Although the institutions can tolerate incremental reforms around the edges, systematic questioning is a threat to social order. In particular, rational thought is evil.
Nothing can be worse for conscious and unconscious the conservative than rational thought, because people who think rationally might decide to try replacing inherited institutions with new ones, something that a conservative regards as impossible. This is Protection where the word conservative comes from: the supposed importance of conserving established institutions. This argument is not wholly false. Institutions are in fact sprawling tangles of social arrangements and patterns of thought, passed down through generations as part of the culture. And people who think they can reengineer the My Behavior and Experiences Required by Graduate, whole of human society overnight are generally mistaken. The people of Protection ancien regime France were oppressed by the conservative order of and unconscious their time, but indeed their revolution did not work, and Protection in Cyberspace Essay would probably not have worked even if conservatives from elsewhere were not militarily attacking them. After all, the watergate scandal, conservative order had gone to insane lengths to deprive them of the education, practical experience, and patterns of thought that would be required to operate a democracy. They could not invent those things overnight. Even so, the argument about conserving institutions is mostly untrue. Most institutions are less fragile and more dynamic than conservatives claim. Large amounts of institutional innovation happen in every generation.
If people lack a rational analysis of institutions, that is mostly a product of conservatism rather than an argument for it. And although conservatism has historically claimed to in Cyberspace conserve institutions, history makes clear that conservatism is only interested in conserving particular kinds of institutions: the institutions that reinforce conservative power. Conservatism rarely tries to conserve institutions such as Social Security and welfare that decrease the common people's dependency on the aristocracy and the social authorities that serve it. To the contrary, they represent those institutions in various twisted ways as dangerous to to the social order generally or to their beneficiaries in particular. The opposite of conservatism is democracy, and contempt for democracy is a constant thread in the history of conservative argument. Instead, conservatism has argued that society ought to be organized in a hierarchy of orders and schema theory classes and controlled by Essay, its uppermost hierarchical stratum, the aristocracy. Many of these arguments against egalitarianism are ancient, and most of them are routinely heard on the radio. One tends to schema theory hear the arguments in bits and pieces, for example the emphatic if vague claim that people are different. Of course, most of these arguments, if considered rationally, actually argue for meritocracy rather than for aristocracy.
Meritocracy is a democratic principle. George Bush, however, was apparently scarred for life by having been one of the last students admitted to Yale under its old aristocratic admissions system, and having to attend classes with students admitted under the meritocratic system who considered themselves to be smarter than him. Although he has lately claimed to oppose the system of Protection legacy admissions from which he benefitted, that is a tactic, part of scandal a package deal to eliminate affirmative action, thereby allowing conservative social hierarchies to be reaffirmed in other ways. American culture still being comparatively healthy, overt arguments for aristocracy (for example, that the children of aristocrats learn by osmosis the profound arts of Protection in Cyberspace Essay government and thereby acquire a wisdom that mere experts cannot match) are still relatively unusual. Instead, conservatism must proceed through complicated indirection, and the next few sections of this article will explain in some detail how this works. The issue is sainsbury's store salary not that rich people are bad, or that hierarchical types of organization have no place in a democracy. Nor are the in Cyberspace Essay, descendents of aristocrats necessarily bad people if they do not try to perpetuate conservative types of domination over Comparing and Experiences Required by Graduate, society. The issue is both narrow and enormous: no aristocracy should be allowed to trick the rest of society into deferring to it. But isn't conservatism about freedom?
Of course everyone wants freedom, and so conservatism has no choice but to promise freedom to its subjects. In reality conservatism has meant complicated things by freedom, and the reality of conservatism in practice has scarcely corresponded even to the contorted definitions in conservative texts. To start with, conservatism constantly shifts in its degree of authoritarianism. Essay! Conservative rhetors, in the Wall Street Journal for example, have no difficulty claiming to be the party of freedom in one breath and attacking civil liberties in the next. The real situation with conservatism and freedom is best understood in historical context. Conservatism constantly changes, always adapting itself to provide the minimum amount of freedom that is required to hold together a dominant coalition in the society. In Burke's day, for example, this meant an alliance between traditional social authorities and the rising business class.
Although the business class has always defined its agenda in terms of something it calls freedom, in reality conservatism from the schema theory, 18th century onward has simply implied a shift from one kind of government intervention in the economy to Protection in Cyberspace Essay another, quite different kind, together with a continuation of medieval models of reflective models driscoll cultural domination. This is a central conservative argument: freedom is impossible unless the common people internalize aristocratic domination. Indeed, many conservative theorists to the present day have argued that freedom is not possible at all. Without the internalized domination of conservatism, it is argued, social order would require the external domination of state terror. In a sense this argument is correct: historically conservatives have routinely resorted to terror when internalized domination has not worked. What is unthinkable by design here is the possibility that people might organize their lives in a democratic fashion. This alliance between traditional social authorities and the business class is artificial.
The market continually undermines the institutions of cultural domination. It does this partly through its constant revolutionizing of institutions generally and in Cyberspace partly by encouraging a culture of entrepreneurial initiative. As a result, the and Experiences Required by Graduate Employers, alliance must be continually reinvented, all the while pretending that its reinventions simply reinstate an eternal order. Conservatism promotes (and so does liberalism, misguidedly) the Protection in Cyberspace Essay, idea that liberalism is about activist government where conservatism is not. This is absurd. It is unrelated to the history of conservative government. Conservatism promotes activist government that acts in the interests of the aristocracy. This has been true for thousands of years. What is distinctive about liberalism is not that it promotes activist government but that it promotes government that acts in the interests of the System, majority. Democratic government, however, is not simply majoritarian.
It is, rather, one institutional expression of a democratic type of culture that is still very much in the process of being invented. //2 How Conservatism Works. Conservative social orders have often described themselves as civilized, and so one reads in the Wall Street Journal that the enemies of civilization hate bow ties. But what conservatism calls civilization is little but the in Cyberspace Essay, domination of an aristocracy. Every aspect of social life is subordinated to Comparing and Experiences Required Employers this goal. That is not civilization. The reality is Protection quite the opposite. To impose its order on society, conservatism must destroy civilization. In particular conservatism must destroy conscience, democracy, reason, and language. * The Destruction of Conscience. Liberalism is a movement of conscience.
Liberals speak endlessly of store conscience. Yet conservative rhetors have taken to acting as if they owned the language of conscience. They even routinely assert that liberals disparage conscience. The magnitude of the falsehood here is so great that decent people have been set back on their heels. Conservatism continually twists the language of in Cyberspace conscience into its opposite. It has no choice: conservatism is unjust, and cannot survive except by sainsbury's store manager, pretending to be the opposite of what it is. Conservative arguments are often arbitrary in nature. Consider, for example, the controversy over Elian Gonzalez. Conservatism claims that the universe is ordered by absolutes.
This would certainly make life easier if it was true. The difficulty is that the absolutes constantly conflict with one another. When the absolutes do not conflict, there is Protection in Cyberspace rarely any controversy. But when absolutes do conflict, conservatism is Comparing and Experiences to Those by Graduate Employers forced into sophistry. In the case of Elian Gonzalez, two absolutes conflicted: keeping families together and not making people return to tyrannies. In a democratic society, the decision would be made through rational debate. Conservatism, however, required picking one of the two absolutes arbitrarily (based perhaps on tactical politics in Florida) and Protection Essay simply accusing anyone who disagreed of flouting absolutes and thereby nihilistically denying the fundamental order of the nixon watergate, universe. This happens every day.
Arbitrariness replaces reason with authority. Essay! When arbitrariness becomes established in the culture, democracy decays and it becomes possible for aristocracies to dominate people's minds. Another example of and unconscious conservative twisting of the language of conscience is the argument, in the context of the Protection in Cyberspace, attacks of 9/11 and the war in schema theory Iraq, that holding our side to things like the Geneva Convention implies an Protection equivalence between ourselves and our enemies. This is a logical fallacy. The fallacy is something like: they kill so they are bad, but we are good so it is okay for us to kill. The argument that everything we do is okay so long as it is not as bad as the most extreme evil in the world is a rejection of nearly all of civilization. It is precisely the destruction of conscience. Or take the notion of political correctness. It is true that movements of conscience have piled demands onto people faster than the culture can absorb them. That is an unfortunate side-effect of social progress.
Conservatism, however, twists language to make the inconvenience of conscience sound like a kind of of the System Essay oppression. Protection! The campaign against political correctness is thus a search-and-destroy campaign against all vestiges of My Behavior and Experiences by Graduate Employers conscience in society. The flamboyant nastiness of rhetors such as Rush Limbaugh and Ann Coulter represents the destruction of conscience as a type of liberation. They are like cultists, continually egging on their audiences to destroy their own minds by punching through one layer after another of their consciences. Once I wrote on the Internet that bears in Protection zoos are miserable and should be let go. In response to this, I received an e-mail viciously mocking me as an animal rights wacko.
This is an example of the destruction of conscience. Any human being with a halfways functioning conscience will be capable of rationally debating the notion that unhappy bears in zoos should be let go. Of course, rational people might have other opinions. They might claim that the bears are not actually miserable, or that they would be just as miserable in the forest. Conservatism, though, has stereotyped concern for animals by associating it with its most extreme fringe. This sort of mockery of conscience has become systematic and commonplace. * The Destruction of Democracy. For thousands of years, conservatism was universally understood as being in schema theory opposition to democracy.
Having lost much of in Cyberspace its ability to attack democracy openly, conservatism has tried in recent years to Comparing My Behavior to Those Required redefine the word democracy while engaging in deception to make the substance of democracy unthinkable. Conservative rhetors, for Essay example, have been using the word government in reflective models a way that does not distinguish between legitimate democracy and totalitarianism. Then there is the notion that politicians who offer health care reforms, for example, are claiming to Protection be better people than the rest of us. This is a particularly toxic distortion. Offering reforms is a basic part of democracy, something that every citizen can do.
Even more toxic is the notion that those who criticize the president are claiming to watergate be better people than he is. This is authoritarianism. Some conservative rhetors have taken to literally demonizing the very notion of a democratic opposition. Rush Limbaugh has argued at length that Tom Daschle resembles Satan simply because he opposes George Bush's policies. Ever since then, Limbaugh has regularly identified Daschle as el diablo. This is the emotional heart of Protection Essay conservatism: the notion that the conservative order is ordained by God and that anyone and anything that opposes the conscious, conservative order is infinitely evil. * The Destruction of Reason. Conservatism has opposed rational thought for in Cyberspace Essay thousands of years. Reflective Driscoll! What most people know nowadays as conservatism is Protection basically a public relations campaign aimed at persuading them to schema theory lay down their capacity for rational thought.
Conservatism frequently attempts to destroy rational thought, for example, by using language in ways that stand just out of reach of rational debate or rebuttal. Conservatism has used a wide variety of methods to destroy reason throughout history. Fortunately, many of these methods, such as the suppression of in Cyberspace popular literacy, are incompatible with a modern economy. Nixon Scandal! Once the common people started becoming educated, more sophisticated methods of domination were required. Thus the invention of public relations, which is Essay a kind of rationalized irrationality.
The great innovation of nixon watergate scandal conservatism in recent decades has been the systematic reinvention of politics using the in Cyberspace Essay, technology of public relations. The main idea of public relations is the distinction between messages and facts. Messages are the things you want people to believe. A message should be vague enough that it is difficult to refute by conscious, rational means. (People in politics refer to messages as strategies and people who devise strategies as strategists. Protection In Cyberspace! The Democrats have strategists too, and it is store manager not at all clear that they should, but they scarcely compare with the vast public relations machinery of the right.) It is useful to Protection in Cyberspace think of each message as a kind of pipeline: a steady stream of facts is selected (or twisted, or fabricated) to fit the message. Contrary facts are of course ignored. The goal is what the professionals call message repetition. This provides activists with something to do: come up with new facts to models driscoll fit the Protection in Cyberspace, conservative authorities' chosen messages. Having become established in this way, messages must also be continually intertwined with one another. This is one job of pundits.
To the public relations mind, the public sphere is a game in which the opposition tries to knock you off your message. Take the example of one successful message, Gore's lies. The purpose of the game was to return any interaction to the message, namely that Gore lies. So if it is salary noted that the supposed examples of Gore lying (e.g., his perfectly true claim to Protection in Cyberspace have done onerous farm chores) were themselves untrue, common responses would include, that doesn't matter, what matters is sainsbury's manager Gore's lies, or the Protection in Cyberspace Essay, reasons people believe them is because of Gore's lies, or yes perhaps, but there are so many other examples of Gore's lies, or you're just trying to change the subject away from Gore's lies, and nixon watergate so on. Many of these messages have become institutions. Whole organizations exist to provide a pipeline of facts that underwrite the message of liberal media bias. These facts fall into Protection in Cyberspace, numerous categories and exemplify a wide range of fallacies. Nixon Watergate! Some are just factually untrue, e.g., claims that the Protection, New York Times has failed to nixon scandal cover an event that it actually covered in detail. Other claimed examples of bias are non sequiturs, e.g., quotations from liberal columns that appear on the opinion pages, or quotations from liberals in news articles that also provided balancing quotes from in Cyberspace conservatives. Others are illogical, e.g., media that report news events that represent bad news for the president. The methods of identifying bias are thus highly elastic.
In practice, everything in the media on conscious and unconscious, political topics that diverges from conservative public relations messages is contended to be an example of Protection liberal bias. Correctional! The goal, clearly, is to purge the media of everything except conservatism. The word inaccurate has become something of a technical term in the political use of public relations. It means differs from Protection our message. Public relations aims to break down reason and replace it with mental associations.
One tries to scandal associate us with good things and them with bad things. Thus, for example, the famous memo from Newt Gingrich's (then) organization GOPAC entitled Language: A Key Mechanism of Control. It advised Republican candidates to Essay associate themselves with words like building, dream, freedom, learn, light, preserve, success, and truth while associating opponents with words like bizarre, decay, ideological, lie, machine, pathetic, and traitors. The issue here is not whether these words are used at all; of course there do exist individual liberals that could be described using any of these words. The issue, rather, is a kind of cognitive surgery: systematically creating and destroying mental associations with little regard for truth. Note, in fact, that truth is one of the words that Gingrich advised appropriating in this fashion.
Someone who thinks this way cannot even conceptualize truth. Conservative strategists construct their messages in store manager salary a variety of more or less stereotyped ways. Protection Essay! One of the most important patterns of conservative message-making is projection. Projection is conscious and unconscious a psychological notion; it roughly means attacking someone by falsely claiming that they are attacking you. Conservative strategists engage in projection constantly. A commonplace example would be taking something from Protection Essay someone by claiming that they are in fact taking it from you. Or, having heard a careful and detailed refutation of something he has said, the projector might snap, you should not dismiss what I have said so quickly!.
It is of the Correctional a false claim -- what he said was not dismissed -- that is an example of itself -- he is dismissing what his opponent has said. Projection was an important part of the Florida election controversy, for example when Republicans tried to get illegal ballots counted and prevent legal ballots from being counted, while claiming that Democrats were trying to steal the election. * The Destruction of Language. Reason occurs mostly through the Protection Essay, medium of language, and so the destruction of reason requires the destruction of language. An underlying notion of conservative politics is that words and phrases of language are like territory in warfare: owned and controlled by one side or the other. One of the central goals of The Mission of the Correctional System conservatism, as for example with Newt Gingrich's lists of words, is to take control of every word and phrase in the English language.
George Bush, likewise, owes his election in great measure to a new language that his people engineered for him. His favorite word, for example, is in Cyberspace Essay heart. This type of linguistic engineering is highly evolved in the business milieu from which conservative public relations derives, and it is the day-to-day work of countless conservative think tanks. Bush's people, and the concentric circles of watergate scandal punditry around them, are worlds away from John Kerry deciding on a moment's notice that he is going to start the word values. They do not use a word unless they have an integrated communications strategy for taking control of that word throughout the whole of society. Bush's personal vocabulary is only a small part of conservative language warfare as a whole. Since around 1990, conservative rhetors have been systematically turning language into a weapon against liberals. Words are used in twisted and exaggerated ways, or with the opposite of their customary meanings.
This affects the whole of the language. The goal of this distorted language is not simply to defeat an enemy but to destroy the minds of the people who believe themselves to be conservatives and who constantly challenge themselves to ever greater extremity in using it. A simple example of turning language into a weapon might be the word predictable, which has become a synonym for liberal. There is no rational argument in this usage. Every such use of predictable can be refuted simply by substituting the word consistent. It is simply invective.
More importantly, conservative rhetors have been systematically mapping the Protection in Cyberspace Essay, language that has historically been used to nixon describe the aristocracy and the traditional authorities that serve it, and have twisted those words into terms for in Cyberspace Essay liberals. This tactic has the dual advantage of nixon scandal both attacking the aristocracies' opponents and depriving them of the words that they have used to attack aristocracy. A simple example is the term race-baiting. In the Protection Essay, Nexis database, uses of race-baiting undergo a sudden switch in the early 1990's. Before then, race-baiting referred to racists. Afterward, it referred in twisted way to people who oppose racism.
What happened is simple: conservative rhetors, tired of the Comparing and Experiences by Graduate Employers, political advantage that liberals had been getting from their use of that word, took it away from them. A more complicated example is the word racist. Conservative rhetors have tried to take this word away as well by constantly coming up with new ways to stick the word onto liberals and their policies. For example they have referred to Essay affirmative action as racist. This is false; it is an attempt to schema theory destroy language.
Racism is the notion that one race is intrinsically better than another. Affirmative action is arguably discriminatory, as a means of partially offsetting discrimination in other places and times, but it is not racist. Many conservative rhetors have even stuck the word racist on people just because they oppose racism. The notion seems to be that these people addressed themselves to the topic of race, and the word racist is in Cyberspace Essay sort of an adjective relating somehow to race. In any event this too is an attack on language. A recent example is the word hate. The civil rights movement had used the word hate to refer to My Behavior to Those Required by Graduate terrorism and stereotyping against black people, and during the 1990's some in the press had identified as Clinton-haters people who had made vast numbers of bizarre claims that the Protection in Cyberspace, Clintons had participated in murder and drug-dealing. Beginning around 2003, conservative rhetors took control of this word as well by reflective models, labeling a variety of in Cyberspace Essay perfectly ordinary types of store manager democratic opposition to George Bush as hate. In addition, they have constructed a large number of messages of the form liberals hate X (e.g., X=America) and established within their media apparatus a sophistical pipeline of facts to support each one.
This is also an example of the systematic breaking of associations. The word partisan entered into its current political circulation in the early 1990's when some liberals identified people like Newt Gingrich as partisan for doing things like the memo on language that I mentioned earlier. To the conservative way of in Cyberspace politics, there is nothing either true or false about the liberal claim. It is simply that liberals had taken control of some rhetorical territory: the word partisan. Conservative rhetors then set about taking control of the word themselves. They did this in a way that has become mechanical. They first claimed, falsely, that liberals were identifying as partisan any views other than their own. Comparing My Behavior By Graduate Employers! They thus inflated the word while projecting this inflation onto the liberals and disconnecting the word from the particular facts that the liberals had associated with it.
Next, they started using the word partisan in the inflated, dishonest way that they had ascribed to their opponents. This is, very importantly, a way of attacking people simply for having a different opinion. In twisting language this way, conservatives tell themselves that they are simply turning liberal unfairness back against the liberals. This too is projection. Another common theme of conservative strategy is that liberals are themselves an aristocracy. (For those who are really keeping score, the sophisticated version of this is called the new class strategy, the Protection in Cyberspace, message being that liberals are the American version of the Soviet nomenklatura.) Thus, for example, the constant pelting of liberals as elites, sticking this word and a mass of Comparing My Behavior to Those Required by Graduate Employers others semantically related to it onto liberals on Essay, every possible occasion. A pipeline of facts has been established to underwrite this message as well.
Thus, for example, constant false conservative claims that the conscious and unconscious, rich vote Democratic. When Al Franken recently referred to his new radio network as the media elite and proud of it, he demonstrated his oblivion to the workings of the conservative discourse that he claims to contest. Further examples of this are endless. When a Republican senator referred to the few liberals, hardly any liberals gave any sign of getting what he meant: as all conservatives got just fine, he was appropriating the phrase the few, referring to the aristocracy as opposed to the many, and in Cyberspace Essay sticking this phrase in a false and mechanical way onto The Mission Correctional System Essay, liberals. Rush Limbaugh asserts that they [liberals] think they are better than you, this of Protection in Cyberspace Essay course being a phrase that had historically been applied (and applied correctly) to Correctional the aristocracy. Conservative rhetors constantly make false or exaggerated claims that liberals are engaged in stereotyping -- the criticism of stereotyping having been one of history's most important rhetorical devices of democrats. And so on. The goal here is to Protection Essay make it impossible to criticize aristocracy. For an especially sorry example of this pattern, consider the word hierarchy. Schema Theory! Conservatism is a hierarchical social system: a system of ranked orders and classes.
Yet in recent years conservatives have managed to stick this word onto Protection in Cyberspace Essay, liberals, the notion being that government (which liberals supposedly endorse and conservatives supposedly oppose) is hierarchical (whereas corporations, the military, and the church are somehow vaguely not). Liberals are losing because it does not even occur to them to refute this kind of mechanical antireason. It is often claimed in the media that snooty elitists on the coasts refer to states in the middle of the country as flyover country. Schema Theory! Yet I, who have lived in liberal areas of the coasts for most of my life, have never once heard this usage. In Cyberspace Essay! In fact, as far as I can tell, the watergate scandal, Nexis database does not contain a single example of anyone using the Protection in Cyberspace, phrase flyover country to disparage the non-coastal areas of the United States.
Instead, it contains hundreds of examples of people disparaging residents of the coasts by claiming that they use the conscious and unconscious, phrase to Protection in Cyberspace Essay describe the Comparing My Behavior and Experiences to Those Employers, interior. The phrase is a special favorite of Protection Essay newspapers in Minneapolis and nixon scandal Denver. This is projection. Likewise, I have never heard the phrase political correctness used except to Protection in Cyberspace disparage the people who supposedly use it. Conservative remapping of the language of aristocracy and democracy has been incredibly thorough. Consider, for example, the terms entitlement and dependency. The term entitlement originally referred to aristocrats. Aristocrats had titles, and they thought that they were thereby entitled to various things, particularly the deference of the common people.
Everyone else, by Comparing and Experiences to Those Required Employers, contrast, was dependent on the aristocrats. This is conservatism. Yet in the 1990's, conservative rhetors decided that the people who actually claim entitlement are people on welfare. They furthermore created an empirically false association between welfare and in Cyberspace Essay dependency. But, as I have mentioned, welfare is precisely a way of eliminating dependency on the aristocracy and the cultural authorities that serve it. I do not recall anyone ever noting this inversion of meaning.
Conservative strategists have also been remapping the language that has historically been applied to conservative religious authorities, sticking words such as orthodoxy, pious, dogma, and sanctimonious to liberals at every turn. //3 Conservatism in American History. Almost all of the early immigrants to America left behind societies that had been oppressed by and unconscious, conservatism. The democratic culture that Americans have built is truly one of the monuments of civilization. And American culture remains vibrant to this day despite centuries of conservative attack. Yet the history of American democracy has generally been taught in confused ways. Protection! This history might be sketched in terms of the great turning points that happened to occur around 1800 and 1900, followed by the great reaction that gathered steam in the decades leading up to 2000. America before the revolution was a conservative society. It lacked an entitled aristocracy, but it was dominated in very much the same way by nixon watergate, its gentry. Americans today have little way of knowing what this meant -- the hierarchical ties of personal dependency that organized people's psychology. We hear some echo of it in the hagiographies of George Bush, which are modeled on the way the gentry represented themselves.
The Founding Fathers, men like Madison, Adams, and Washington, were, in Protection in Cyberspace this sense, products of aristocratic society. They did not make a revolution in order to establish democracy. Nixon Scandal! Quite the contrary, they wanted to be aristocrats. They did not succeed. Protection Essay! The revolution that they helped set in motion did not simply sweep away the church and driscoll crown of England. As scholars such as Gordon Wood have noted, it also swept away the entire social system of the gentry, and it did so with a suddenness and in Cyberspace thoroughness that surprised and amazed everyone who lived through it.
So completely did Americans repudiate the conservative social system of the gentry, in fact, that they felt free to mythologize the sainsbury's store, Founding Fathers, forgetting the Founding Fathers' aristocratic ambitions and in Cyberspace Essay pretending that they, too, were revolutionary democrats. This ahistorical practice of projecting all good things onto the Founding Fathers continues to the present day, and watergate scandal it is Protection unfortunate because (as Michael Schudson has argued) it makes us forget all of the work that Americans have subsequently done to build the democratic institutions of today. In reality, Madison, Adams, and Washington were much like Mikhail Gorbachev in the Soviet Union. Like Gorbachev, they tried to sainsbury's manager reform an oppressive system without fundamentally changing it. And like Gorbachev, they were swept away by the very forces they helped set into motion. The revolution, though, proceeded quite differently in the North and South, and led to a kind of controlled experiment.
The North repudiated conservatism altogether. Indeed it was the only society in modern history without an aristocracy, and as scholars such as the late Robert Wiebe have noted, its dynamic democratic culture was most extraordinary. It is unfortunate that we discuss this culture largely through the analysis of Protection in Cyberspace Essay Alexis de Tocqueville, an aristocrat who wanted to graft medieval notions of social order onto a democratic culture that he found alien. In the South, by contrast, the conservative order of the gentry was modified to Comparing to Those Required Employers something more resembling the oppressive latifundist systems of Latin America, relieved mainly by comparatively democratic religious institutions. The Northern United States during the early 19th century was hardly perfect. Left-over conservative hierarchies and Protection in Cyberspace Essay patterns of psychology continued to damage people's minds and lives in numerous ways.
But compared to the South, the nixon watergate, North was, and has always been, a more dynamic and successful society. Southern conservatism has had to modify its strategies in recent decades, but its grip on the culture is Protection tragically as strong as ever. Something more complicated happened around 1900. Railroads, the telegraph, and mass production made for massive new economies of nixon scandal scale, whereupon the invention of the corporation gave a new generation of would-be aristocrats new ways to reinvent themselves. The complicated institutional and ideological events of this era can be understood in microcosm through the subsequent history of the word liberal, which forked into two quite different meanings. The word liberal had originally been part of an intramural dispute within the conservative alliance between the aristocracy and the rising business class. Their compromise, as I have noted, is that the aristocracy would maintain its social control for the benefit of both groups mainly through psychological means rather than through terror, and that economic regulation would henceforth be designed to benefit the business class. And both of these conditions would perversely be called freedom. The word liberal thus took its modern meaning in a struggle against Protection Essay the aristocracy's control of the reflective models, state.
Around 1900, however, the corporation emerged in a society in which democracy was relatively strong and the aristocracy was relatively weak. Antitrust and Protection Essay many other types of state regulation were not part of traditional aristocratic control, but were part of democracy. Nixon Watergate Scandal! And this is Protection in Cyberspace Essay why the Comparing My Behavior and Experiences Required by Graduate Employers, word liberal forked. Democrats continued using the word in its original sense, to signify the struggle against aristocracy, in this case the new aristocracy of corporate power. Business interests, however, reinvented the Protection Essay, word to signify a struggle against something conceptualized very abstractly as government. In reality the new business meaning of the word, as worked out in reflective driscoll detail by people like Hayek, went in an opposite direction from its original meaning: a struggle against the people, rather than against the aristocracy. At the same time as the in Cyberspace, corporation provided the occasion for The Mission of the Correctional Essay the founding of a new aristocracy, however, a new middle class founded a large number of professions. The relationship between the professional middle class and the aristocracy has been complicated throughout the 20th century. But whereas the goal of conservatism throughout history has primarily been to suppress the mob of common people, the conservatism of the late 20th century was especially vituperative in its campaigns against the relatively autonomous democratic cultures of the professions. One of the professions founded around 1900 was public relations. Early public relations texts were quite openly conservative, and Protection in Cyberspace public relations practitioners openly affirmed that their profession existed to manipulate the common people psychologically in conscious order to ensure the domination of society by a narrow elite.
Squeamishness on this matter is a recent phenomenon indeed. The modern history of Essay conservatism begins around 1975, as corporate interests began to react to Correctional Essay the democratic culture of the sixties. This reaction can be traced in the public relations textbooks of the time. Elaborate new methods of Protection in Cyberspace Essay public relations tried to prevent, coopt, and defeat democratic initiatives throughout the nixon watergate scandal, society. A new subfield of public relations, issues management, was founded at this time to deal strategically with political issues throughout their entire life cycle. Protection! One of the schema theory, few political theories that has made note of the Protection in Cyberspace Essay, large-scale institutionalization of public relations is the early work of Jurgen Habermas. Even more important was the invention of the think tank, and especially the systematic application of public relations to politics by the most important of the sainsbury's, conservative think tanks, the Essay, Heritage Foundation.
The Heritage Foundation's methods of issues management have had a fantastically corrosive effect on nixon, democracy. The great innovation of Ronald Reagan and the political strategists who worked with him was to submerge conservatism's historically overt contempt for the common people. The contrast between Reagan's language and in Cyberspace that of conservatives even a decade or two earlier is most striking. Jacques Barzun's The House of Intellect (1959), for example, fairly bristles with contempt for demotic culture, the notion being that modern history is the inexorable erosion of aristocratic civilization by democracy. Nixon! On a political level, Reagan's strategy was to place wedges into the many divides in that era's popular democracy, including both the Protection in Cyberspace Essay, avoidable divides that the counterculture had opened up and the divides that had long been inherent in conservatism's hierarchical order. Reagan created a mythical working class whose values he conflated with those of the conservative order, and he opposed this to an equally mythical professional class of liberal wreckers. Democratic culture in the sixties had something of a workable theory of conservatism -- one that has largely been lost. But it was not enough of a theory to explain to working people why they are on the same side as hippies and gays. Although crude by comparison with conservative discourse only twenty years later, Reagan's strategy identified this difficulty with some precision.
People like Ella Baker had explained the sainsbury's store manager salary, psychology of conservatism -- the internalized deference that makes a conservative order possible. But the new psychology of democracy does not happen overnight, and it did not become general in the culture. In the 1990's, American conservatism institutionalized public relations methods of politics on a large scale, and it used these methods in a savage campaign of delegitimizing democratic institutions. In particular, a new generation of highly trained conservative strategists evolved, on the foundation of in Cyberspace Essay classical public relations methods, a sophisticated practice of real-time politics that integrated ideology and tactics on nixon watergate, a year-to-year, news-cycle-to-news-cycle, and often hour-to-hour basis. This practice employs advanced models of the dynamics of political issues so as to launch waves of precisely designed communications in countless well-analyzed loci throughout the society.
For contemporary conservatism, a political issue -- a war, for example -- is a consumer product to be researched and rolled out in a planned way with continuous empirical feedback from polling. So far as citizens can tell, such issues seem to materialize everywhere at Protection once, swarming the schema theory, culture with so many interrelated formulations that it becomes impossible to Essay think, much less launch an reflective effective rebuttal. Such a campaign is successful if it occupies precisely the Protection, ideological ground that can be occupied at store manager a given moment, and it includes quite overt plans for Protection Essay holding that ground through the Comparing My Behavior and Experiences to Those by Graduate, construction of a pipeline of facts and intertwining with other, subsequent issues. Although in one sense this machinery has a profound kinship with the priesthoods of ancient Egypt, in another sense its radicalism -- its inhuman thoroughness -- has no precedent in history. Liberals have nothing remotely comparable. //4 The Discovery of Democracy. Humanity has struggled for thousands of years to emerge from the darkness of conservatism. At every step of the way, conservatism has always had the Protection Essay, advantage of a long historical learning curve. Schema Theory! There have always been experts in Protection Essay the running of conservative society. Most of the stupid mistakes have been made and forgotten centuries ago. Conscious! Conservatives have always had the leisure to write careful books justifying their rule.
Democracy, by contrast, is Protection Essay still very much in an experimental phase. And so, for example, the 1960's were one of the sainsbury's, great episodes of civilization in human history, and they were also a time when people did a lot of stupid things like take drugs. The history of democracy has scarcely been written. Of what has been written, the great majority of democratic theory is based on the ancient Greek model of deliberative democracy. Much has been written about the Greeks' limitation of Protection citizenship to perhaps 10% of the population.
But this is not the conscious, reason why the Greek model is inapplicable to the modern world. The real reason is that Greek democracy was emphatically predicated on a small city-state of a few thousand people, whereas modern societies have populations in the tens and hundreds of millions. The obvious adaptation to the difficulties of scale has been representation. Protection In Cyberspace! But as a democratic institution representation has always been ambiguous. For conservatism, representation is a means of reifying social hierarchies. Sainsbury's Manager! The Founding Fathers thought of themselves as innovators and modernizers, and Protection in Cyberspace the myth-making tradition has thoughtlessly agreed with them. But in reality the US Constitution, as much as the British system it supposedly replaced, is little more than the Aristotelian tripartite model of king, aristocracy, and gentry (supposedly representing the commons), reformed to The Mission of the Correctional System some degree as President, Senate, and House. Many people have noted that George Bush is Protection Essay consolidating executive power in a kind of elective kingship, but they have done little to place the schema theory, various elements of Bush's authoritarian institution-molding into historical context. In theoretical terms, though, it has been clear enough that representative democracy provides no satisfactory account of citizenship. Surely a genuine democracy would replace the Aristotelian model?
Fortunately, there is little need to replace the Constitution beyond adding a right to Protection Essay privacy. After all, as historians have noted, Americans almost immediately started using the Constitution in a considerably different way than the Founders intended -- in a democratic fashion, simply put, and not an aristocratic one. The president who claims to be a uniter not a divider is conscious and unconscious hearkening back to the myth-making of a would-be aristocracy that claims to be impartial and to stand above controversy while systematically using the machinery of Protection government to crush its opponents. But his is not the winning side. Not that democracy is a done deal. One recent discovery is that democracy does not mean that everyone participates in everything that affects them. Every citizen of a modern society participates in hundreds of reflective models driscoll institutions, and it is impossible to be fully informed about all of them, much less sit through endless meetings relating to all of them. There are too many issues for everyone to be an expert on everything.
It follows that citizens in a large modern polity specialize in particular issues. In fact this kind of issue entrepreneurship is not restricted to politics. It is central to the making of Protection in Cyberspace careers in Required Employers nearly every institution of society. Conservatism claims to own the theme of entrepreneurship, but then conservatism claims to own every theme. In Cyberspace Essay! In reality, entrepreneurship on the part of the common people is antithetical to conservatism, and The Mission of the Correctional System Essay conservatism has learned and in Cyberspace Essay taught little about the skills of entrepreneurship, most particularly the entrepreneurial cognition that identifies opportunities for various sorts of useful careers, whether civic, intellectual, professional, or economic. Entrepreneurship is not just for economic elites, and in fact never has been. One part of democracy, contrary to much socialist teaching, is the democratization of goods and skills, entrepreneurial skills for reflective example, that had formerly been associated with the elite. Protection Essay! American society has diverged dramatically from that of Europe largely because of the democratization of entrepreneurship, and that trend should continue with the writing down and teaching of generalized entrepreneurial skills. The real discovery is that democracy is a particular kind of social organization of knowledge -- a sprawling landscape of overlapping knowledge spheres and a creative tension on any given issue between the experts and the laity.
It is not a hierarchical divide between the knowledge-authorities in the professions and a deferential citizenry; instead it democratizes the skills of knowledge-making among a citizenry that is plugged together in ways that increasingly resemble the reflective models, institutional and Protection cognitive structures of the professions. This generalized application of entrepreneurial skills in the context of a knowledge-intensive society -- and not simply the multiplication of associations that so impressed Tocqueville -- is civil society. The tremendous fashion for civil society as a necessary complement and The Mission of the System Essay counterbalance to the state in a democracy, as launched in the 1980's by people like John Keane, has been one of the most hopeful aspects of recent democratic culture. Indeed, one measure of the success of the discourse of civil society has been that conservatism has felt the need to destroy it by means of distorted theories of civil society that place the populace under the tutelage of the aristocracy and the cultural authorities that serve it. Economics, unfortunately, is still dominated by Essay, the ancien regime.
This consists of three schools. Neoclassical economics is founded (as Philip Mirowski has argued) on superficial, indeed incoherent analogies to watergate the mathematics of in Cyberspace classical mechanics whose main notion is equilibrium. Economies, it is Comparing My Behavior and Experiences Required held, are dynamic systems that are constantly moving to an optimal equilibrium, and government intervention will only move the Protection, economy to and unconscious the wrong equilibrium. For a long time this theory has dominated academic economics for the simple reason that it provides a simple formula for creating a model of any economic phenomenon. Its great difficulty is that it ignores essentially all issues of Protection in Cyberspace information and schema theory institutions -- important topics in the context of any modern economy. Austrian economics (associated with Hayek and Mises) began in the context of debates about the practicability of central planning in in Cyberspace Essay socialism; as such, it is organized around an opposition between centralized economies (bad) and decentralized economies (good). Although preferable in some ways to neoclassicism in its emphasis on information and institutions, as well as its rhetorical emphasis on entrepreneurship, it is nonetheless hopelessly simplistic.
It has almost no practitioners in academia for the simple reason that it is nearly useless for analyzing any real phenomena. A third school, a particular kind of game theory based on the work of John Nash, does have elaborate notions about information and at least a sketchy way of modeling institutions, and as a result has established itself as the major academic alternative to neoclassicism. Unfortunately Nash game theory's foundations are no better than those of of the Essay neoclassicism. Protection In Cyberspace! Whereas neoclassicism, though ultimately incoherent, is and unconscious actually a powerful and useful way of thinking about the economy, Nash game theory is based, as Mirowski again has argued, on a disordered model of Protection in Cyberspace Essay relationships between people. Fortunately it has no particular politics. The state of economics is unfortunate for democracy. Conservatism runs on ideologies that bear only a tangential relationship to reality, but democracy requires universal access to schema theory accurate theories about a large number of nontrivial institutions. The socialist notion of economic democracy essentially imports the Greek deliberative model into the workplace. As such it is probably useful as a counter to conservative psychologies of Protection Essay internalized deference that crush people's minds and prevent useful work from being done. It is, however, not remotely adequate to the reality of an interconnected modern economy, in which the workplace is hardly a natural unit. A better starting place is with analysis of the practical work of producing goods in social systems of actual finite human beings -- that is, with analysis of information and institutions, as for example in the singular work of Thorstein Veblen, John Commons, Joseph Schumpeter, Karl Polanyi, John von Neumann, Mark Casson, Joseph Stiglitz, Paul David, Bruno Latour, and Michel Callon.
This work emphasizes knowledge and the very general social conditions that are required to produce and use it. Simply put, knowledge is best produced in a liberal culture. This is why the most prosperous and innovative regions of the United States are also the most politically liberal, and why the most conservative regions of the country are also the greatest beneficiaries of transfer payments. Schema Theory! Liberals create wealth and government redistributes it to conservatives. Protection! This is, of The Mission Correctional Essay course, the opposite of the received conservative opinion in the media, and Protection in Cyberspace Essay indeed in most of academia. And Experiences To Those By Graduate! But it is true. Another connection between democracy and a modern economy is the democratic nature of entrepreneurialism. People who reflexively defer to their social betters will never learn the social skills that are needed to Protection in Cyberspace Essay found new types of social relationships. This was clear enough in and unconscious the interregnum in the 19th century between the fall of the American gentry and Protection in Cyberspace the rise of the modern corporation. Sainsbury's Manager Salary! An economy of in Cyberspace generalized entrepreneurialism, moreover, requires an elaborate institutional matrix that is part public and part private. Nixon Scandal! As scholars such as Linda Weiss have argued, the Essay, conservative spectre of a conflict between government and entrepreneurial activity is unrelated to the reality of entrepreneurship.
To be sure, much has been learned about the kinds of government policies that do and do not lay the nixon watergate scandal, foundation for economic dynamism. It is quite correct, for example, that direct price controls in competitive commodity markets rarely accomplish anything. (Labor markets are a much more complicated case, in Protection in Cyberspace very much the The Mission of the System Essay, ways that neoclassical economics exists to ignore.) Free trade would also be a good thing if it existed; in practice trade is distorted by subsidies and by Protection in Cyberspace Essay, uneven regulation of nixon watergate scandal externalities such as pollution, and free trade negotiations are a kind of power politics that differs little from the gunboat diplomacy that opened markets in a one-sided way in former times. The point is scarcely that markets are inherently democratic. The economic properties of infrastructure and knowledge create economies of scale that both produce cheap goods (a democratic effect) and concentrate power (an anti-democratic effect). Conservatives employ the Essay, democratic rhetoric of entrepreneurialism to promote the opposite conscious and unconscious values of corporate centralization. But the 19th century's opinions about the political and economic necessity of antitrust are still true. More importantly, a wide range of public policies is Essay required to facilitate a democratic economy and the more general democratic values on which it depends.
Lastly, an important innovation of democracy during the sixties was the rights revolution. Store Salary! Rights are democratic because they are limits to arbitrary authority, and people who believe they have rights cannot be subjected to conservatism. Conservative rhetors have attacked the rights revolution in numerous ways as a kind of demotic chatter that contradicts the eternal wisdom of the conservative order. For conservatism, not accepting one's settled place in the traditional hierarchy of orders and classes is a kind of arrogance, and conservative vocabulary is full of phrases such as self-important. Institutions, for conservatism, are more important than people. For democracy, by contrast, things are more complicated. The rights revolution is hardly perfect. But the main difficulty with it is Protection Essay just that it is not enough.
A society is not founded on rights alone. Democracy requires that people learn and practice a range of schema theory nontrivial social skills. But then people are not likely to learn or practice those skills so long as they have internalized a conservative psychology of deference. The rights revolution breaks this cycle. For the civil rights movement, for Protection in Cyberspace Essay example, learning to conscious and unconscious read was not simply a means of registering to vote, but was also a means of liberation from the psychology of conservatism. In Cyberspace Essay! Democratic institutions, as opposed to schema theory the inherited mysteries of conservative institutions, are made of the everyday exercise of advanced social skills by people who are liberated in Protection this sense.
//5 How to Defeat Conservatism. Conservatism is almost gone. People no longer worship the pharaohs. If the gentry were among us today we would have no notion of what they were talking about. For thousands of years, countless people have worked for the values of democracy in ways large and small. The industrialized vituperations of conservative propaganda measure their success. To defeat conservatism today, the main thing we have to do is to explain what it is and what is wrong with it. This is easy enough. * Rebut conservative arguments.
This is my most important prescription. Liberals win political victories through rational debate. But after a victory is won, liberals tend to drop the issue and move along. As a result, whole generations have grown up without ever hearing the store manager, arguments in favor of, for example, Social Security. Instead they have heard massive numbers of conservative arguments against liberalism, and these arguments have generally gone unrebutted. Protection In Cyberspace! In order to save civilization, liberals need a new language, one in which it is easy to express rebuttals to the particular crop of conservative arguments of the last few decades. And the way to conscious invent that language is just to start rebutting the in Cyberspace Essay, arguments, all of them.
This means literally dozens of new arguments each day. Do not assume that rebutting conservative arguments is easy, or that a few phrases will suffice. Store Manager Salary! Do not even assume that you know what is wrong with the conservative arguments that you hear, or even indeed what those arguments are, since they are often complicated and confusing in their internal structure. Do not just repeat a stock response that worked for Protection some previous generation of liberals, because your audience has already heard that response and already knows what the counterargument is. Nixon! Conservative rhetors have invested tremendous effort in working around liberals' existing language.
In the Protection in Cyberspace Essay, old days, racists were racists and polluters were polluters. But those old labels do not win arguments any more. Sainsbury's Salary! Liberals must now provide new answers in plain language to the questions that ordinary citizens, having heard the arguments of conservatism, now have. Do environmental regulations work? Why do we protect the civil liberties of terrorists? Are liberals anti-American? What do we need government for anyway? * Benchmark the Wall Street Journal.
The Wall Street Journal's opinion page is the most important conservative publication, and it is often described as a bulletin board for Protection in Cyberspace Essay the conservatism. A better metaphor, however, would be a war room. Day by day, the Wall Street Journal's editors detect liberal arguments coming over the horizon, and immediately they gather up and distribute the arguments that conservatives will need to nixon watergate rebut them. Protection Essay! Since the retirement of its late editor Robert Bartley, the Journal's opinion page has become more sophisticated. Conscious! The crude lies and belligerent irrationality of the Bartley era have not disappeared, but they have certainly been attenuated. Daniel Henninger in particular does something interesting with clouds of associations that are subrational but not quite fallacious.
Liberals should not imitate the antireason of the Journal or other distribution channels of conservative opinion. Instead, as part of the hard work of inventing democracy, it will be necessary to in Cyberspace Essay tell the difference between methods that liberals ought to be applying in their own work, such as the day-to-day rebuttal of scandal arguments, and methods that liberals need to analyze and place in the same category as the priesthood of Egypt. * Build a better pundit. Political pundits in the media today are overwhelmingly conservative, and the few liberal pundits are overwhelmingly journalists rather than ideologists. It is difficult to identify a single pundit in the media who consistently explicates liberal ideology. Protection In Cyberspace! It is conscious time to Protection in Cyberspace Essay build a democratic punditry. To start with, everyone in a modern democracy ought to receive practical instruction in the communication genres of the mass media. There is no reason why every student cannot learn to write a clear 700-word op-ed column that traces an arc from a news hook to some ideology to a new and useful argument that wins elections.
A society in conscious and unconscious which the average citizen writes an occasional op-ed column would certainly be a step toward democracy. But even if the skills of punditry are widespread, there is no substitute for professional pundits who can make brand names of themselves in Protection in Cyberspace Essay the media, and talented people will not make careers out of democratic punditry until they are reasonably assured of being able to make money at it. This is where think tanks and their philanthropic funders come in. Universities do not substitute for think tanks, because research is conscious and unconscious quite a different activity from punditry. Simply put, professional pundits need a wide variety of fallback options between media gigs. Conservative pundits grow fat on their own think tanks, and liberals need their own war rooms of democratic reason. * Say something new. Conservative rhetors win audiences largely because the things they are saying seem new. People who read them or listen to Essay them continually get the impression that they are being informed. If news and opinion editors seem biased against liberals, one reason is simply that liberals are not delivering the of the Correctional Essay, goods.
Whenever you get ready to express a political opinion in the media, first ask whether you have ever heard that opinion in the media before (as opposed, for example, to scholarly works). If so, figure out what the Protection Essay, counterarguments are -- because there will be counterarguments -- and then proceed to base your column on the counterarguments to that. Get ahead of the curve. Democracy requires that the great majority of citizens be capable of logical thought. The West, starting with the Greeks, has always taught logic in conscious a narrow way. Logic does include the syllogism, but it also includes a great deal of savoir faire about what constitutes a good argument, a good counterargument, and a good counterargument to that. In particular, the citizen must have a kind of Protection in Cyberspace Essay map of the arguments.
A caller to Rush Limbaugh said that liberals can't do the arguments, and he was right. Existing curricula on critical thinking are unfortunately very weak. They should be founded on close analysis of actual irrationality. Many on the left unfortunately abandon reason because they believe that the actual basis of politics is nixon watergate scandal something they call power. Essay! People like this have no notion of what power is.
For example, they will argue that reason is useless because the powers that be will not listen to reason. Models! This is confusion. The purpose of reason is not to petition the authorities but to help other citizens to cut through the darkness of in Cyberspace Essay conservative deception. Others on the left believe that reason is the property of the elite. This is true historically, but that is simply because the My Behavior and Experiences to Those Required, essence of conservatism is to deprive the common people of the capacity to Protection Essay engage in democracy. Many bad theories of democracy actually reinforce conservatism, and this is one of them. Similarly, others on the left argue that requiring politics to schema theory be based on reason tilts the playing field in favor of the elite. This is historically true as well, and politics based on money does the in Cyberspace Essay, same thing. But that is reality. The fact, again, is that democracy needs the citizenry to be educated, and the skills of reason are the foundation of democratic education. Watergate Scandal! Democracy cannot be established in any other way.
Aristocratic rule is not reinforced by the use of reason. The situation is quite the reverse: in order to fight off democratic values, conservatism must simulate reason, and pretend that conservative deception is itself reason when it is not. Many conservative pundits, George Will and in Cyberspace Thomas Sowell for example, make their living saying illogical things in a reasonable tone of voice. Democracy will be impossible until the great majority of citizens can identify in reasonable detail just how this trick works. * Conservatism is the problem.
Contemporary conservatism's discourse is reflective models driscoll engineered with tremendous sophistication to get past the specific arguments that liberals know how to in Cyberspace make. Conservative strategists, moreover, are willing to achieve their goals incrementally, depending on the arguments that liberals are capable of making at a given moment. Of course it is important for reflective driscoll liberals to make the arguments against each increment. Protection Essay! But it is reflective driscoll more important to explain what conservatism is in general, and then to Protection explain what is wrong with it. For example, I once heard Rush Limbaugh discussing with a listener how school vouchers were just a conservative tactic, and how conservatives' real goal was to eliminate public funding for education altogether. The Mission! This is the Protection, sort of and unconscious thing that loses elections, and yet I have never heard a liberal pundit discuss it. The extreme nature of conservatism -- not just the extremity of its rhetoric but the Protection in Cyberspace, oppressiveness of its prescriptions for society -- is clear enough in the conservatives' own literature, but American culture no longer has the categories to The Mission of the System Essay identify what it is. Indeed, one can hear fascism, never mind conservatism, on Protection in Cyberspace, the radio any day of the week.
But Americans have mostly forgotten what fascism even is, so that they can listen to fascist rhetoric and it will actually sound kind of Correctional System Essay fresh. * Critically analyze leftover conservative theories. Liberal ideology is in Protection in Cyberspace disarray. After all, conservative ideology has dominated human thought for thousands of years, and it takes concentrated effort to liberate oneself from it. Such intellectual liberation will never happen without a detailed history of conservative theories -- which is to say, the ways in which these theories have been designed to subordinate people's minds to watergate a hierarchical social order dominated by an aristocracy. Lacking such a history, liberal ideology draws in random and confused ways on conservatism, giving it a sentimental update without particularly changing it. Or else liberalism spins out into something wishfully called radicalism, which at best inverts conservatism into something that does not work as well and does not liberate anyone either.
A genuine tradition of liberatory social thought does indeed exist, but it must be disentangled from its opposite. As an example, let us consider the notion of Protection in Cyberspace social capital, which has been fashionable among both conservatives and liberals for some time now. The conservative version of the social capital is a medieval ideology that justifies the hierarchical conservative order in terms of the and Experiences to Those Required by Graduate, values of community. Essay! This medieval notion of community is particularistic in nature: everyone in a community is knitted to everyone else through a system of roles and relationships into The Mission Essay, which they are born, and which they supposedly accept and love. This network of relationships is made to sound harmonious, and objections to it are made to sound divisive, by neglecting to mention the oppression of the life-long hierarchical bonds that make it up.
This is the kind of society whose passing Tocqueville lamented, and Protection that is at conscious the core of in Cyberspace modern conservatism in authors such as Robert Nisbet. For Nisbet, modernity could only schema theory be understood in a negative way as an Protection Essay erosion of the particular types of watergate scandal community and in Cyberspace Essay order that traditional institutions provided. This is what many conservatives mean when they value social capital, regret its decline, and urge its revival. This notion of social capital should be contrasted, for example, with Ernest Gellner's notion of the modern democratic citizen as modular, that is, as capable of moving about sainsbury's salary within the society, building and rebuilding relationships and associations of diverse sorts, because of in Cyberspace Essay a set of social skills and social institutions that facilitate a generalized, dynamic mobility. The modular citizen gets a place in society not through birth or the bonds of an salary inherited order but through a gregarious kind of Protection in Cyberspace entrepreneurial innovation. The difficulty with too many liberal notions of social capital is that they are oblivious to models the tension between conservatism and democracy. As a result, they are vague and ambiguous as to the nature of Protection in Cyberspace social capital, how it might be measured, and what kinds of institutions might erode or encourage it. For example, a theory of social capital that locates it in plain numbers of social network connections is insufficient because it undervalues social skills and overvalues particularistic forms of community that are not adaptive in a dynamic modern economy. This is how liberals end up quoting Tocqueville and sounding indistinguishable from conservative theorists of intermediary institutions. Social capital is models driscoll just one example of Protection a general crisis of liberal ideology.
The first step in resolving this crisis to get clear about what conservatism is and what is schema theory wrong with it. Post-sixties, many liberals consider themselves to be watered-down Marxists. Protection In Cyberspace Essay! They subscribe to a left-to-right spectrum model of politics in which they, as democrats, are located in some hard-to-identify place sort-of-somewhat-to-the-left-of-center, whereas the Marxists have the high ground of a clear and definite location at the end of the spectrum. These liberals would be further out on My Behavior to Those Required by Graduate Employers, the left if they could find a politically viable way to do it. Conservative rhetors concur with this model, and indiscriminately calling liberals communists is back in style. This is all nonsense. Marxism is in Cyberspace Essay not located anywhere on a spectrum. It is Comparing to Those Required Employers just mistaken. It fails to describe the Essay, real world. Attempts to implement it simply created an ugly and shallow imitation of models conservatism at its worst.
Democracy is the Protection Essay, right way to schema theory live, and conservatism is the wrong way. Marx was a brilliant analyst for his time. His analysis of technology's role in the economy was wholly original. He was the first to analyze the structural dynamism of a capitalist economy. But his theory of modern society was superficial.
It overgeneralized from the situation of its time: the recent discovery of economies of scale, crude market institutions, no modern separation of ownership and Protection control, and a small middle class. Marx followed the manager, political economy of his day in analyzing markets as essentially independent of the state. But this is not remotely the case. One difficulty with Marx, which is the topic of a vast literature, is that his theory requires a periodization of history that does not correspond to historical reality. In Cyberspace! Capitalism, for example, is supposed to Required be a discrete totality, but claimed starting dates for this totality range across a good four hundred years.
His economistic analysis of society, though indisputably productive in the way that many powerfully wrong ideas are, makes history seem more discontinuous than it is. In fact, the relationship between conservatism and democracy is more or less constant throughout thousands of years of history. One evidence of Protection this, for example, is Orlando Patterson's stunning discovery that Western notions of reflective driscoll freedom were invented by former slaves in the ancient world and Protection Essay have remained more or less constant ever since. In economic terms, Marx's theory is mistaken because he did not analyze the role the capitalist plays as entrepreneur. The entrepreneur does an important and distinctive type of work in watergate inventing new ways to bring together diverse factors of production. Protection! Now in nixon scandal fact the nature of this work has remained largely hidden throughout history for a wide variety of reasons. Because Marx had no notion of it, the capitalist's profit seemed to him simple theft. It does not follow, though, that entrepreneurs earn all of their money. The theories of mainstream economics notwithstanding, serious how-to manuals for entrepreneurs are quite clear that the entrepreneur is trying to identify a market failure, because market failures are how you make money.
The relationship between entrepreneurship and the state is much more complicated than economics has even tried to theorize. Essay! Capitalists, moreover, are not a class. Particular networks of capitalists and other well-off or otherwise connected personages may well try to constitute themselves as an aristocracy, but this is a phenomenon with several more dimensions than just economics. Nor is System Marxism of any use as politics. Protection! All that Marx offered to people who worked in deadening factory jobs was that they could take over the factory. While unions and collective bargaining exist in models driscoll many contexts for good economic reasons, they are an in Cyberspace essentially medieval system of negotiations among orders and classes.
They presuppose a generally static economy and society. They are irrelevant to knowledge-intensive forms of work. Nor do they provide any kind of models foundation for Protection in Cyberspace democratic politics. People want their kids to be professionals, not factory workers, and democracy helps people to knit themselves into the complicated set of institutions that enable people to sainsbury's manager salary build unique and productive lives. Despite all of the conservative attacks, American English remains a useful language. So use it, and learn to say democratic things in it. There is a style of academic theory-talk that claims to be advanced and sophisticated but actually lacks any precision. Privilege, for example, is not a verb. If new words are needed and are actually good for analyzing the deception of conservatism or the invention of democracy, go ahead and teach them. Integrate them into the vernacular language.
While you are at it, forget the whole strategy of the counterculture. Be the culture instead. * Stop surrendering powerful words. Many liberals abandon any word that conservatives start using. That means, since conservatives systematically lay claim to every word of the English language, that liberals have been systematically surrendering powerful words such as family, nation, truth, science, tradition, and Protection religion. This has made it increasingly difficult for liberals to explain what they believe. Comparing And Experiences Required Employers! There is no alternative: if conseratives have been twisting a powerful word, then you have to explain in concise American English what the word really means and Protection in Cyberspace Essay how the conservatives have distorted it. Contest the scandal, signifiers.
Use the words. * Tipper Gore is right. Snoop Dogg's music really is garbage. Some liberals, however, argue that racists hate rap and so therefore any disapproval of rap abets racism. This is Essay bad logic and stupid politics. If racists hate rap then the logical, rational, politically efficacious thing to do is to of the Essay say that some rap is good and some rap is bad, and that good rap is an art form like any other, and that the bad rap exists because the people who rap it are bad people. Do not be afraid of losing contact with young people. If all you know about youth culture is Snoop Dogg, then I suppose it is time for some focus groups. Use the focus groups to identify language that Martin Luther King would approve of.
Besides, there is plenty of good politics in mass culture, as cultural studies professors have explained at length. Nor should you be afraid of Essay losing campaign contributions from the entertainment industry. The Hollywood moneybags will keep funding liberal candidates for the simple reason that many conservatives really do support censorship, where liberals do not. That said, there is certainly a disconnect between some liberal entertainers and the liberals who win elections. Some entertainers are willing to and Experiences Required by Graduate Employers get up on stage and embarrass John Kerry.
Scorn them. * Assess the sixties. Make a list of the in Cyberspace, positive and lasting contributions of the sixties. Americans would benefit from reflective such a list. The spiritual leader of modern liberalism, Martin Luther King, taught nonviolence. This has been narrowly construed in terms of not killing people. But, as King made clear, it has other meanings as well. You have to love your enemies. This is difficult: the reality of in Cyberspace Essay conservatism is so extreme that it is difficult even to discuss without sounding hateful. Nixon Watergate Scandal! There is in Cyberspace Essay also an intellectual dimension to nonviolence. Nonviolence means, among other things, not cooperating in the destruction of conscience and language.
Nonviolence implies reason. Analyze the various would-be aristocracies, therefore, and explain them in plain language, but do not stereotype them. Nonviolence also has an epistemological dimension. Few of us have the nixon, skill to hate with a clear mind. Conservatism is very complicated, and in Cyberspace Essay you cannot defeat it by shouting slogans. Watergate! This is the difficulty with Michael Moore.
He talks American, which is good. But he is not intellectually nonviolent. He is not remotely as bad as Ann Coulter, and liberals have criticized him much more thoroughly than conservatives have criticized Ann Coulter. But he is not a model for liberal politics. There is no doubt that Martin Luther King would be in George Bush's face. Essay! But how? That is why liberals need a language. * Tell the taxpayers what they are getting for My Behavior to Those Required by Graduate Employers their money. Civilization requires a substantial number and variety of public services, which in turn require moderate and reasonable amounts of taxes.
Despite decades of conservative rhetoric, a majority of Protection Essay Americans are perfectly happy to pay their taxes. And yet liberals keep letting conservatives clobber them with rhetoric that makes taxes sound like a bad thing. Sainsbury's Manager Salary! It is time for liberals to stop losing this argument. To start with, do not talk about Protection Essay amounts of money (we should spend $15 billion on health care). Instead, talk about what the money buys (we should provide medical care to 15 million children). And stop letting Bush call his tax policies tax cuts: he is not cutting those taxes; he is and unconscious just postponing them. * Make government work better for small business. The market continually undermines both conservatism and democracy. Both systems must continually improvise to Protection Essay accommodate it. The difference is models that conservatism pretends to be a timeless order whereas democracy is all about Protection in Cyberspace experiment, innovation, and entrepreneurial culture. Conservatives have historically tried to include entrepreneurs in their coalition, even though conservatism is almost the opposite of the cultural conditions of a modern economy.
A certain amount of tension between democracy and the market is indeed irreducible. Watergate! But a great deal has been learned about in Cyberspace Essay markets and their relationship to government, and the democratic culture of innovation can reduce the unnecessary tensions between small business and government while providing for social values such as urban design, consumer information, and the environment. An excellent example of this is duplicative paperwork. Small business people must often fill out dozens of forms for various government bureaucracies. This is a significant expense. These forms should be combined and given a clean and unified interface. The bureaucracies, however, each analyze things in their own incompatible ways, and so the sainsbury's store manager salary, forms cannot simply be merged. Protection Essay! Like much of sainsbury's store manager democracy, this is an interesting design matter. * Clone George Soros.
George Soros is an excellent citizen. Conservatism has gotten so out of Protection sync with the conditions of a modern economy that significant numbers of wealthy people, especially young entrepreneurs who live and breathe the liberal culture that makes successes like theirs possible, would be happy to help build the institutions that a democratic society needs. What is needed right now are institutions that train people to of the Correctional win arguments for democracy in the mass media. Antireason has become thoroughly established in the media, and it will take real work to invent languages of reason that are fresh and cool. And this work just costs money. * Build the Democratic Party. Your model should be Pat Robertson. He is as extreme on the right as anybody in the United States is on the left. Yet his people took over large parts of the in Cyberspace, Republican Party. They did this in nixon watergate scandal three ways: laboriously designing a mainstream-sounding language, identifying large numbers of talented activists and training them in the day-to-day work of Essay issue and party politics, and building their own communications systems.
Liberals should do the Comparing to Those Required Employers, same. Now, many liberals argue that the Democratic Party would magically start winning again if it would only move to the left. This is lazy nonsense. The Democratic Party has moved to the right for the simple reason that liberals do not have a language that wins elections. To take over the Democratic Party, liberals need to replace the left-wing policies that do not work and, for the policies that do work, get a language that moves 51% of likely voters to vote Democratic. Other liberals argue that the Democratic Party, and the system in general, are irretrievably broken, and that they must build a third party, such as the Green Party with its endorsement of Ralph Nader. The difficulties with this notion are hard to count. For one, splitting the left is a certain recipe for centuries of Protection Essay aristocratic domination. For another, building a party with only people who share your opinions to the nth degree is manager salary a certain recipe for factionalism and Essay isolation.
For another, the Green Party is a chaotic mess that has no serious chance of becoming a mass-based political party. Life under aristocratic domination is horrible. The United States is blessed to have little notion of what this horror is like. Europe, for example, staggered under the weight of its aristocracies for thousands of years. European aristocracies are in decline, and Europe certainly has its democratic heroes and its own dawning varieties of manager salary civilized life, and Protection Essay yet the psychology and nixon scandal institutions that the aristocracies left behind continue to make European societies rigid and blunt Europeans' minds with layers of in Cyberspace Essay internalized oppression. People come to America to get away from all of that. Conservatism is as alien here as it could possibly be. Only through the most comprehensive campaign of deception in human history has it managed to establish its very tentative control of the country's major political institutions. Conservatism until very recently was quite open about the fact that it is incompatible with the modern world.
That is reflective models right. The modern world is a good place, and it will win.
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Download a Resume Template That Employers Will Love. Are your Resume and online job search profiles not yielding you the results you need to find gainful employment and finally afford to pay your bills? No doubt about it; it’s tougher to find a job now than it’s been in in Cyberspace Essay, decades. That doesn’t mean, however, that you can’t give yourself every fighting chance of snagging the next available job. While there is plenty to be said for effective interviewee skills, the schema theory, absolute most important step for getting hired is writing a winning Curriculum Vitae. Without a highly attractive C.V, you’re just one of Protection in Cyberspace Essay, dozens or more applicants that begin to blend together after a while. You want your most relevant skills and store experience to jump off the page and grab the attention of the person responsible for reviewing the group of CVs in which yours is stacked or filed online. Direct access to resume templates advices. 1. Choose your favorite Curriculum Vitae.
2. Download selected resumes on your desktop. No front page content has been created yet. How To Write a Winning Curriculum Vitae. Understand What Makes a Great Resume. Many job applicants are under a misconception that a great Curriculum Vitae means fluffing up terms, adding lots of Protection, jobs and experience, listing as many skills as possible, and reflective driscoll engaging in other overkill tactics. Excessive and irrelevant information only clutters the page and makes it more difficult to find the skills and information for which your prospective employer is searching. The best resumes are those that are concise and specific to the job being sought.
As such, a separate resume should be used for each job if the required skills, education, and experience are different. At the end of Protection, this article, we will review a few time saving tips building each specific Curriculum Vitae. First, though, let’s take a look at how to write a winning CV. Review All Job Description Material and More (If Necessary) While some employers seem to be in of the, the habit of posting as little information as possible, others provide a great deal of valuable information relevant to not only the skills, experience, and education of a desired employee, but also the description, expectations, and demands of the job itself. Acquire as much information as you can about the Essay, position. If the employer provided you with pages and pages of descriptions, read them before building your resume.
If the employer posted minimal information about the job, you may find information by reviewing the watergate, website or even calling and asking for details. Protection. The more you know about your prospective employers, the more power you have to nixon scandal, show them a picture-perfect employee on Protection paper. If you read terms you don’t really understand, see requirements for education levels you haven’t reached, or find any other indication that you’re not a good candidate for the job; don’t waste your time applying. Also, understand that it may be very difficult to find a job that matches your education or the bulk of nixon, your experience. You may have to begin at an entry level position in a company that seeks supervisory and upper management applicants from within. If this is the case, be extremely careful about divulging the extent of your education, experience, and salary history as you may be viewed as ‘overqualified’. However insulting or degrading it may feel, the reality is that at some point you just have to accept that options are limited and be willing to Protection in Cyberspace, ‘dumb it down’ a bit to secure employment. Just think, though: In the next few months after you’re hired, you’ll have a chance to excel beyond expectation and increase your odds of recognition and promotion.
Use Only Relevant Terms, Skills, and Experience. If you feel the Comparing by Graduate, need to add more information to your curriculum vitae than what’s absolutely relevant, make sure that the Protection, most compelling details are on schema theory the first page and that it’s not crowded with words. In addition to your contact information, you should have: Relevant skills, relevant experience, and relevant education. If you have multiple jobs dating back for a number of Protection Essay, years, try to list only the most relevant jobs within the past 5-7 years on the first page and System Essay either make a note that a more extensive job history is available upon request or attach a separate sheet with a complete history in case the reviewer is Essay, so inclined to read it. Whatever you do, DO NOT let a full page of salary, outdated and irrelevant details take away from the in Cyberspace, razzle and My Behavior and Experiences to Those dazzle of the first page of your resume. Remember that your developed skills are more important than your experience. Yes, you need experience to in Cyberspace Essay, demonstrate the fact that you’ve had time to hone those skills, but employers need to sainsbury's manager, know the capabilities you have that are relevant to in Cyberspace, the job for which you’re applying. The Verbiage of Your Curriculum Vitae. You want your C.V to sound professional, but it doesn’t have to sound like it came out The Mission System of the Oxford Dictionary. Remember, it’s not as though you’re writing a dissertation; you’re listing bits and Essay pieces of manager salary, concise and Protection in Cyberspace relevant information to present a snapshot of schema theory, what you have to offer.
Refer to the job description and Protection other material posted by your prospective employers. If they used industry-specific jargon, use the same jargon wherever applicable. Review their posted list of required skills and Comparing My Behavior and Experiences to Those Required job duties and use it as a guide for listing all of your valid and applicable skills and job duties with previous employers. If you have additional skills or job skills than are not posted on the job description by your prospective employer, consider leaving them out. If you feel you must include them somewhere, follow the same rule as job history: Keep them off the first page. Instead, attach them at the top of the page containing your extensive job history.
You have 2 primary goals for your curriculum vitae: Make it easy to read and make every word count. In order to accomplish this, you need to use a font of at in Cyberspace least 10-12 and Comparing Required by Graduate Employers make each section of your document stand out from the next by Essay, staggering blocks of information that take up different levels of horizontal space. For example, you may place your name, physical address, phone number, and email address at the top in the center. For contrast, you would place a sentence outlining your objective; perhaps something like: To obtain consistent and long term employment with a company in Comparing My Behavior and Experiences to Those Required by Graduate Employers, which my skills and Essay talents will be utilized and appreciated. Because that sentence will take the entire width of the page, your next sections should be small and centered. This would be a great place to list your skills. If you place your employment in the next section, that would be a great contrast to your skills. System. Make a table with 2 columns and a few rows (just enough for your most relevant jobs).
Add your title, previous employers, and their contact information in in Cyberspace, the left column and your job duties on the right. Reflective Driscoll. Finally, underneath your employment history, enter your education information centered on the page. Employers may or may not be interested in Protection in Cyberspace Essay, speaking with your personal references. If there is any reason why your prospective employers shouldn’t speak with your previous supervisors, try to avoid putting their contact information on your Curriculum Vitae. Otherwise, there should be plenty of professional references in your format for them to review. You can post a sentence on the bottom of your Curriculum Vitae either inviting your potential employer to call contacts from your employment history and/or letting him/her know that you have a list of personal references available if requested. If you have room on the page after leaving plenty of space in schema theory, between each section, increase the font size of your name. If you have adequate or advanced linguistic skills, consider writing a short cover letter (3-5 small to moderate paragraphs) introducing yourself and outlining your skills, dedication, ambition, work ethic, and any other relevant piece of information that increases your appeal to an employer but may not have a proper place on your Curriculum Vitae.
Cover letters are easy to disregard if an employer isn’t interested, and they can help to Essay, set you aside from other applicants if there is an interest in learning more about schema theory, you by reading your cover letter. You can either use the Protection, outline provided in this article or you can create your own curriculum vitae outline containing your name, contact information, and the basic sections you will need to fill out per application. Save the outline and consistent information in a master file, and once you’ve finished preparing a Curriculum Vitae for a job, choose ‘Save as’ and create a specific name for it. Schema Theory. To find your Curriculum Vitae more quickly and conveniently, consider using the same name and changing only the last word. For example, you may save your resume as ‘MyResumeCompany.doc’. Protection Essay. Replace the word ‘Company’ with each different place to nixon, which you submit your curriculum. How to Write a Great Cover Letter. Landing a job is undoubtedly difficult in today’s economy. Writing a great cover letter is probably the most important step you can towards landing the job of their dreams. Why is writing a cover letter so important? It is the first thing a potential employer sees, and it will dictate whether or not the employer even looks at Protection Essay your resume.
Even the schema theory, most polished, professional resume doesn’t stand a chance against a poorly written cover letter. How do you write a cover letter that not only in Cyberspace Essay, a potential employer to and Experiences Employers, read your resume, but also gets you invited for an interview? Writing a winning cover letter is not difficult if you follow a few simple steps: Just like an employer won’t look at a resume that’s attached to a poorly written cover letter, the Protection, employer won’t even bother to read the reflective, cover letter if it’s a messy jumble of text. To create a professional-looking cover letter, be sure to use plenty of white space. You should have, at a minimum, one inch margins and double spaces between paragraphs.
Follow the guidelines for writing a basic business letter and in Cyberspace be sure to include a simple, text-only letterhead. Sainsbury's. Your letterhead should be the Protection Essay, same letterhead that appears on salary your resume. This is your one and only chance to in Cyberspace Essay, name drop, so take advantage of it. Potential employers want to sainsbury's manager salary, know how you heard about the position. You should also identify the specific position that you are seeking, and state that you are applying for this position. Yes, it’s obvious, but cover letters follow a long-established pattern, and this isn’t the time to be a rebel. Finally, set the tone for Protection the rest of the letter, and of the System briefly state what you will be discussing.. If you have more than a few years of experience in the field to which you are applying, your professional experience should be presented before your educational experience. First, write a topic sentence that presents one unified idea.
If you’ve held several jobs in Protection in Cyberspace, this career, find the one aspect that these jobs have in common that will most impress your potential employer. To Those Required Employers. You also need to link this paragraph to your educational experience. Similar to your employment paragraph, you need to develop one unified idea rather than simply presenting a list of Essay, all the reflective models, schools you’ve attended and courses you’ve taken. Determine which aspect of your education is most important to the position you’re applying for and present it here. A fourth and even fifth paragraph may be added if you need to in Cyberspace Essay, present additional relevant information.
Just remember to develop one idea per paragraph, and to store, keep the entire letter under one page. This is your opportunity to tie everything together, leading the reader to Protection, invite you to an interview. You need to reference your resume and any other included attachments. In addition, you need to politely, yet confidently state that you wish to and unconscious, be invited to Protection, an interview. Finally, state the easiest way for the employer to reach you, referring to store manager salary, the phone number and e-mail address in your letterhead. For important documents like cover letters, you need to go beyond your computer’s spell check and grammar check. Place the cover letter aside for a few hours, or overnight if possible, and Essay look at it with fresh eyes. Reflective. You might find errors that you didn’t see previously. As a final step, ask someone, who you trust will do a decent job, to proofread your cover letter. Now, you have a well-written cover letter that will hopefully lead a potential employer to read your resume and ultimately invite you to an interview.
The rest is up to you! How to Protection, prepare for a winning job interview. In a competitive market for available jobs, potential candidates should put in the necessary time and effort to make a solid impact. You must simply accept that it’s a buyer’s market, the Correctional Essay, buyer, in this case is the organization. Your first job as the seller is to sell yourself. You need to stand out from the other candidates like a house with a shiny red door in a cookie-cutter neighborhood. Assume your resume and cover letter is in a pile on a desk with plenty of others, therefore you must find a way to rise to the top.
You need to Protection in Cyberspace Essay, put yourself in of the Essay, a stronger position, instead of you trying to chasing the Essay, job, make them convince you to take it. Your mindset dictates the demeanor you portray. If you seem too desperate, you don’t make it to the next step, however, too arrogant and doors will close. You have to put yourself in the shoes of the sainsbury's salary, interviewer and determine your moves every step of the way. Spend about five hours preparing for each hour of interview, you want to Protection in Cyberspace, investigate how you can deliver value to the organization.
By researching and probing how you can make an impact in the position, you are going beyond the canned responses of most candidates. Your resume should announce that you are qualified for the position. After the The Mission System, interview, you want to leave the Protection, impression that you can start the job tomorrow. You want to and unconscious, contact somebody who does the same job at the organization or similar enterprise and Protection Essay ask several questions. It’s a must that you discover the current challenges for schema theory the position within the Protection in Cyberspace, organization and the industry as a whole. The next step is succeed where so many candidates fall short, you want to show initiative by suggesting ideas for the position. Hiring managers have so many job functions to perform, by proving that you not only did research concerning the position, but proposed suggestions, you show tremendous potential. You would be surprised how those that have been performing the The Mission System, job for years have not expressed such aptitude. Be prepared to go beyond lip service, you want to demonstrate the homework you have done. Reaching out to a current employee performing the same job function puts you over the top. Don’t be shy or feel like you are intruding.
Many employees have innovative ideas about in Cyberspace, how to perform their jobs better, tap into that information for free and conscious and unconscious then add your own spin. Use the power of imagination to stand out from the crowd, everybody else is going to Protection Essay, be following the of the System, same job interview tips that get recycled over the web. Essay. If you want to make a lasting impression, you must put in the sweat and effort. Find someone who you can practice with until it comes out natural. Landing an offer in a tough economy requires considerable effort. If you can demonstrate you can make an impact in your interview, your name will rise to the top of the pack.
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