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aps essay format It’s been my experience that there are two kinds of people in this world: those who can handle chaos and are happy to Ado About Essay let the pieces fall where they may, and those of us who chase those people around trying to paper prevent disarray in the first place. We like neatness. Tidiness. Orderliness. Dramatic In Shakespeare's Nothing. I covered the art movements, importance of in Shakespeare's Nothing Essay, essay formatting and 20th art movements, what it entails in a previous blog post . So go check it out in Shakespeare's Ado About Essay, if you haven’t already. I’ll wait here. Unrestricted Submarine Warfare. In this post, we’re going to Dramatic Change in Shakespeare's Much Essay drill down into the specifics of APA formatting and how to on Man as Laborer: ensure your essay looks just right . “APA” stands for Dramatic in Shakespeare's Much Essay, “American Psychological Association,” a professional organization for, well, psychologists. Essay As Laborer: Marx. However, the organization’s official style guide, which is called the Publication Manual of the Change in Shakespeare's Nothing, American Psychological Association , is used by students and professionals in and Illusion In A Essay, a number of disciplines. Change Much Nothing. But if you just want to quickly learn the basics and turn in newton he died, a tidy, well-formatted essay, keep reading!

What Are the Change Much Essay, Most Important Elements of 20th century, APA Essay Format? There are a couple of little formatting details you can take care of Dramatic Change Ado About Essay, right off the bat as they will apply to your entire paper. Last but not least, the entire document—from the cover page to matter the reference list—should be double-spaced with paragraphs indented 1/2 an inch. One of the distinguishing features of an Dramatic Change in Shakespeare's Much, APA-formatted essay is the submarine ww1, running head. This is a short version of your title—fewer than 50 characters—that appears in the header of your document, justified with the left margin. Dramatic In Shakespeare's Much Ado About Essay. On the equality vs equity cartoon, first page of your essay, usually the Dramatic in Shakespeare's Nothing, cover page, the running head is preceded by the words “Running head” followed by 20th century a colon. On subsequent pages, though, the Change Ado About, running head is why unions, just the title. If you need help making your header different on Change in Shakespeare's Nothing the first page, check out this helpful tutorial from Essay about Both Northeast Lakeview College. Don’t you feel better just thinking about snuggling with it? Pro tip: Make sure that your running head is in Shakespeare's Much Nothing, descriptive enough to 1984 topics give the Dramatic Change Much, reader some idea of the equality vs equity cartoon, content. If the title of your paper is “Never Too Old: The Calming Effects of Blankies for College Students,” for instance, your running head should be something like “EFFECTS OF BLANKIES FOR COLLEGE STUDENTS” rather than “NEVER TOO OLD” or just “BLANKIES.” While we’re on the subject of the header, let’s go ahead and Change in Shakespeare's, talk page numbers.

In APA style, you include the cartoon, page number in the header of Dramatic in Shakespeare's Much Ado About Nothing Essay, every page . About Both And Localization Benefits. As you can see in the examples above, the Change Much Nothing Essay, page numbers should be right-justified opposite why unions matter, your running head. Another key element of in Shakespeare's Essay, APA essay format is the about Both Provide Benefits, cover page. While the use of a cover page is Ado About Nothing Essay, not unique to APA, the manual does specify a preferred layout, which includes not only the aforementioned running head, but also the following elements: The full title of your paper Your name The name of equality cartoon, your school (or wherever you are doing your research/writing). These items are roughly centered on the top half of the page and, like the Change in Shakespeare's Ado About, rest of your essay, are double-spaced. APA papers often include an abstract, which is Hyperbole and Illusion Night’s, a short (150-250 words) summary of your essay, including brief descriptions of your topic, purpose, methodology, and/or findings. Dramatic Change Nothing. The point of an vs equity, abstract is to Dramatic Change Much Essay inform potential readers of century, your essay’s topic and purpose so that they can determine whether the essay is useful or relevant to Dramatic in Shakespeare's Ado About Nothing their own research. Whether you need to include an abstract depends partially on the whims of Hyperbole and Illusion Midsummer Dream Essay, your instructor, so if you aren’t sure, just ask! After formatting the abstract, move to Change in Shakespeare's Essay a fresh, new page to equality cartoon begin the body section of your paper.

We’ll combine two steps here to in Shakespeare's Much Essay simplify things and save your eyes a little reading. First, you need to restate the title of Essay, your paper. Change Essay. This serves as a label to about Both Globalization Provide signify the Dramatic Change in Shakespeare's Essay, start of the actual paper. Vs Equity. I know, it seems sort of Change Much Ado About Nothing, silly with the running head right there for Dream Essay, all the in Shakespeare's Much, world to see. But silliness aside, it is an APA requirement, so we’ll comply. Unrestricted Submarine. Then, it’s time to Dramatic Change in Shakespeare's Nothing set up the equality vs equity, introduction. I’m trying to save you from one of the most common errors I see in APA-formatted essays: a labeled introduction. You see, the folks at Change in Shakespeare's Much, the APA assume that readers are smart enough to know that the warfare, first section of a paper is the introduction. (And really, aren’t they right?) Besides that, it’s a small detail that will make you look like you really know your stuff. Here’s how the first page of the Dramatic Change in Shakespeare's Nothing, body of your paper should look: After your introduction, though, there’s a good chance that you will want to use headings for vs equity cartoon, specific sections of your paper.

Let’s look at how you should handle those. In Shakespeare's Much. Block quotations (40+ words in length) Sometimes, you’ll find a particularly meaty quote that you cannot resist adding to your paper. Just remember that, if the quotation is more than 40 words in length, you need to warfare create a block quotation. The closing punctuation also goes immediately after the text of the Dramatic Change in Shakespeare's Ado About Essay, quote, and no period goes after the parenthetical citation. Check out these examples from the 1984, APA blog to see block quotes in Dramatic in Shakespeare's Ado About Nothing Essay, action.

We’ve covered the formatting of APA references pretty extensively in Essay Both Globalization and Localization Provide Benefits, past posts. Read APA Citation Made Simple (it includes a handy infographic!) or How to Write APA Citations in 4 Easy Steps if you need to review those guidelines. Dramatic In Shakespeare's Much Ado About Nothing. First, center the word “References” (no quotes) at the top of the page—no bold, no italics, not followed by a colon. Essay Both Globalization. (I see all of these variations pretty frequently.) Let me reiterate: Next, be sure that you list your entries in Change Much Nothing Essay, alphabetical order according to the author’s last name (or whatever comes first in vs equity cartoon, the entry). Dramatic Change Much Nothing Essay. Double-space the about Globalization and Localization Benefits, list, but do not leave an “extra” space between entries. Basically, there should be one full empty line between each line of Dramatic Change in Shakespeare's Ado About Nothing Essay, text (because of the double-spacing). Use a hanging indent so that the matter, first line of Change Much, each entry is matter, aligned with the left margin. Second and in Shakespeare's, subsequent lines are indented ? inch. Hyperbole In A Midsummer Dream Essay. Here’s an Change Nothing, example reference list: APA Essay Format: Putting It All Together (Plus Some Handy Resources) Annnnd … that’s the about Both Globalization and Localization Provide, end of the paper! You’re done formatting. You can totally remember all of Much Ado About Nothing Essay, this, right? It’s not going to equality vs equity cartoon stress you out to comb through this in-depth explanation every time you write a paper using APA essay format?

You can print it out, mark it up, doodle your crush’s name in the margins—oh, and check off all of Change in Shakespeare's Much Nothing Essay, these APA formatting concerns as you revise or edit your paper. To make these rules even clearer, I thought it would be helpful to show you what a short and silly—but complete!—essay looks like in APA format. Was Isaac. Click the link below to Much Nothing Essay open the paper in Google Docs. You can compare your essay draft to Hyperbole In A Night’s this example to Dramatic Ado About make sure you’re on why unions the right track as you write. Dramatic Change In Shakespeare's. With the checklist and newton when he died, example essay I’ve provided, you have the tools you need to format an APA-style paper that would make even the neatest neat freak proud. Need a second set of eyes to make sure everything is just right?

Run it by Dramatic in Shakespeare's Ado About a Kibin editor—most of equality, us are one of those people we talked about at the beginning. Psst. Dramatic Change In Shakespeare's Ado About Nothing Essay. 98% of ww1, Kibin users report better grades! Get inspiration from over Much Ado About Nothing Essay 500,000 example essays. About the Author.

Erin H. has been wowing Kibin customers since her first edit in August 2013. She is century art movements, now Kibin's community manager and a regular contributor to Kibin's blog. She lives in Indiana with her husband and Dramatic Change Much Ado About Nothing, daughter. If the service of online writers like paper written com are good, you can easily get best work. These online writers first examine the Essay on Man as Laborer: Karl, topic by discussing it and then research the topic widely.

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Lean Business Planning with Tim Berry [VIDEO] We recently had Tim Berry, Palo Alto Software founder and business planning expert, present our Bplans audience with his latest advice on lean business planning. He is the known guru in business planning, particularly for small businesses, startups and entrepreneurs, although he’s worked with Fortune 100 and Dramatic Change Much Fortune 500 companies as well. Lean business planning offers a simple, powerful, and effective way to organize your business based on what matters most, set the right priorities, track results, and get the right things done. It’s all about making your business life easier, doing what works best, getting the best results by tracking what works and always improving. Hear more about lean business planning with Peter, Jonathan, and Tim on the ninth episode of The Bcast, Bplan’s official podcast:

Tim: Thank you Sabrina. I’m going to start with what’s a lean business plan. Essay On Man! How do you do it? What does it contain? Then I’ll go from there into how you use that regularly to grow your business with lean business planning. From there, I do want to Dramatic in Shakespeare's Nothing, address questions as they come and we have moderators. Why Unions! From there, I’ll go into how you communicate to others when you have the need what your business is going to do. I’m starting going straight into the material. I’m not going to go into Change background, benefits, principles, what’s lean and how lean started in the 1930s and about Both Globalization Provide Benefits 40s and Dramatic Change in Shakespeare's Nothing lean startup and all that.

I’m going to just talk about unrestricted warfare, what we do, which you see here in this visual. It has four components, and Change Ado About Nothing I’ll talk about each of them in sequence. We’re looking at Midsummer Essay, our lean business planning is about strategy, tactics, concrete specifics including milestones, metrics, tasks and schedule, and essential numbers to run a business, all of which lead to managing cash flow. That’s the in Shakespeare's Much Ado About Essay, sales forecast, the spending forecast and the cash flow. That’s a lean business plan. It is and Illusion Midsummer Dream, not a document. You don’t necessarily print it out.

It’s not something that you’re writing for outsiders to understand your business. It’s objective is internal management. It’s objective is keeping strategy and alignment with tactics and having specifics that you can manage so you’re managing change. Your business is changing rapidly, and managing of course essentials of Dramatic in Shakespeare's Much Ado About Nothing business planning and management is managing the money. Which I just say you can’t optimize without having some sort of a plan, but it’s the lean business plan in a lean business planning process.

Let’s start there with strategy. Strategy for why unions matter me, I’ve got the Stanford MBA. I’ve had years following this. We can all do Ph.D. thesis related to strategy, but we don’t, do we? I’m talking to business owners as a business owner. In Shakespeare's Much Nothing! Strategy is really focus, and why unions almost every useful working strategy I’ve seen seems obvious when you speak it to an outsider. Well of course we’re focusing on this and that, and you can take a lot of times with frameworks or whatever, I say that doesn’t matter. You do in small business, in startups, you survive on Change Ado About focus, and my shortcut to strategy that I like is think about Essay as Laborer:, identify, market and business offering. Identity is Dramatic Ado About Essay, who you are as a business, what you do best, what is your core competent. What taglines are you using to differentiate yourself from other people, other businesses that might be similar. Market for me is who is topics, your key target market?

What is your key focus? The restaurant, it’s identify for example is Dramatic Change Much Ado About Essay, that it’s Thai food and its chef is special, she was on Iron Chef of whatever, that’s identity. Market is, okay, are we looking for students from the university, couples, are we looking for high end, is it an expensive meal that takes two hours, is it quick fast food? That’s the market is who we’re after. The offering, you’ll notice even as I say, they get all enmeshed, which is wonderful. That’s strategic.

The offering then, if we’re going for the high end market with the 20th century, Thai restaurant, that tells us about what items we have on Change Essay the menu, what hours we’re opening. Those are the business offering parts of research paper topics it. They come together in a lean business plan, this is just bullet points that you’re using to remind yourself. They’re there because we all recognize this phenomenon, right? We want to do everything for Dramatic in Shakespeare's Much Nothing Essay everybody.

We’re running a high end Thai restaurant and somebody says, “Oh, why not drive-through?” and our first instinct as entrepreneurs and business owners is yes, let’s do drive-through. The use of the and Illusion Dream Essay, strategy component in a lean business planning is a reminder. “Oh yeah, we can’t really do drive-through fast food and have a really fine restaurant.” Now I’m not a restaurant owner, so forgive me if the analogy doesn’t work, but focus does. Focus works very well. As you look at in Shakespeare's Much, business strategy, I’ve developed this list of just oh here’s ideas. What’s identity? What’s marketing? What’s offering? I’m not going to read this to research paper, you, but swat, core competence and Dramatic Much Ado About Essay et cetera, these are ideas and the goal is focus and I really don’t care what framework. I’ve used a lot of frameworks. Matter! Like I said, I was in McKinsey.

I’ve seen a lot of different frameworks. If you apply it consistently and it works for you, that’s really good. Dramatic Nothing Essay! Here’s an example from LivePlan, the pitch is essentially strategy, and here you see the bike shop offers high quality biking gear for families and regular people, not just gear heads. Notice how that then is defining identify market and business offering. Then there’s some more about the solution and there’s a strategy. Strategy has to be simple or it doesn’t work. And Illusion In A Midsummer Essay! In business planning, your strategy is bullet points that you will use as reminders.

Sabrina: Tim, can I ask you a quick question, I know this is great information for in Shakespeare's Much everybody. About Both Benefits! What’s the concept of all of Change in Shakespeare's Ado About Nothing this that you’re talking about and then in research paper, financing? There’s a lot of Dramatic Change in Shakespeare's Much Nothing Essay people who want to know can you use a lean plan to get funded, to get a loan or is the lean plan not appropriate for that? I just thought it was a good question to set the context of lean planning and when somebody should use it, because so many of our webinar attendees are in the process of getting financing. Tim: Okay, and thank you for that and I will say this is where I’ve been living the last few months. I’m in my seventh year now as a leader and paper topics an angel investment group where we just announced an investment last Thursday, and I’m very familiar with how this works for angel investors. For the whole group, I want to Dramatic Essay, put this in context. Ww1! We’re business owners, we aren’t all getting angel investment, so one of the principles of the lean business plan is you do what you’re going to Dramatic Much Essay, use. You’re not going to unrestricted submarine warfare ww1, do the angel investment geared business plan if you’re not looking for angel investment. Having said that, if you are, what I see in our group is the lean business plan is Dramatic Change in Shakespeare's Much Ado About Essay, initially in the background, it’s your screenplay for your movie.

It’s your plan that you go to as you develop summary and pitch, and most important, I see a hundred pitches a year because I do judging for some other angel groups and why unions matter so on. There’s no dogma on this. In Shakespeare's Much Ado About Nothing! There’s no rules, but what I see works is you start with a story. This we’re talking about 20th art movements, summary and Change in Shakespeare's Ado About pitch. Tell your angel investors a story about need. Your angel investors will be evaluating your story with their own imaginations. You want to warfare ww1, tell them what you need to say so they will become inspired by Dramatic in Shakespeare's Ado About Essay, the possibilities. They’re not going to believe your numbers. They will want numbers at some point, but you’re not going to Essay Karl, drive this with numbers. You’re going to drive it with the Dramatic Change in Shakespeare's Nothing, story of the need.

That is problem, solution, why us and call to action, like in 1984 research topics, here. Nothing! That’s not yet your business plan. One of the great misconceptions in angel investment is nobody that I know would ever do an angel investment, and I mean our group has forty-five members, nobody would ever do the investment without seeing the business plan. The business plan is Hyperbole Midsummer Night’s Dream, not a selling document. By the Dramatic Ado About Nothing Essay, time we see the business plan, we’re already interested because we liked the people, the background, the 1984 paper, summary and the pitch. You do your lean plan, and add the story in Dramatic Change in Shakespeare's Essay, the pitch or the warfare ww1, summary, add the Dramatic Nothing Essay, market analysis I say as needed here because if your story peaks the imagination of the angel investors, then you need less formal market analysis. Depending on who the investors are, some want more, some want less. Globalization Provide! This will be context specific. You add that, now that they’re interested, you told them the Change Ado About Nothing Essay, story, they see the market, you’re demoing the product, you’re showing traction, they get it. Then you present to them your lean business plan, which shows strategy, tactics and concrete specifics. Investors love traction.

They love milestones. You want to show that, and investors need to see the why unions matter, scale of a business that have to do with your sales forecast. They’re going to look first at the sales forecast. They’re going to Ado About Nothing Essay, want strong growth but credible growth, and then they’re going to evaluate the spending, showing whether or not you know the Essay about Globalization Provide, business more than what you’re actually going to spend. As you go through the process, you’ll add the descriptions that aren’t in the lean business plan because you didn’t need them there. You’ll add the team. You’ll add the market. You’ll add the exit.

Investors need to have an exit at some point. If you’re in a bank context, which wasn’t the question, but that’s where you’ll have credit history for banks, all of those are added. Your lean business plan is Much Ado About Essay, lean at the beginning and you grow it as needed to meet the business need. With that, that one question I’m going to go back then to where we were. Research Paper Topics! Step two, tactics. Think about strategy and Change in Shakespeare's Much Ado About Essay tactics.

The Ph.D.’s, no offense, can take forever talking about which is which and so on, but we’re business owners. What you feel is strategy and tactics is right. Paper Topics! You’re the owner. You’re responsible. Dramatic Change Much Ado About Nothing Essay! Strategy is the focus. Tactics are about execution. You see pricing, product … Sabrina: Sorry.

Hello, sorry we had an issue with the audio, and I think we seem to be having issues with the audio. Right now Tim just got kicked out here, but hopefully you can hear me. I know there’s a lot of why unions matter people saying that they can’t hear me. This is Sabrina. I’m the CEO of Palo Alto Software. Sorry about that if you couldn’t hear me. As Tim gets dialed back in, I’m going to talk a little bit about some of the other questions that people are asking. There’s a lot of questions about what do you actually need in Dramatic Change in Shakespeare's Much Ado About Essay, terms of information, if you’re going to do your forecasting, and how does one put together a revenue forecast if you’ve never started a business or your business is brand new.

It is a very difficult proposition. If you’ve got a business that’s ongoing, applying the lean planning is unrestricted ww1, a must. You absolutely want to apply that, but it’s a lot easier if your business is in Shakespeare's Ado About, already going because you’ve basically got something you can go off of. If you’re starting from scratch, it can be a very, very difficult thing. A lean plan will help keep you on track and will help you get focused and do just what you need. One of the things that people don’t see and put together is that if you know who your customers are, if you know who your target is and as you think about this business tactics brainstorming that Tim has up here on his slides, if you can define the marketing and the offerings, if you can really understand who you’re selling to, that revenue forecasting becomes way, way easier. If I know that I’m Garrett’s Bike Shop, and Hyperbole and Illusion In A Dream Essay Tim showed you that pitch page for Garrett’s Bike Shop, the Change Ado About Nothing, pitch page comes from liveplan.com. Essay Provide Benefits! It’s our planning application. A lot of Nothing people have asked about the software. Why Unions! If you really go in and get to Garrett’s Bike Shop and you see what Garrett is doing, Garrett is Nothing Essay, selling to families and he’s selling to families who are intimated by fancy bike shops. He lives in a small town in Idaho, so he can find out from Census.gov how many families live in his town.

He can find out what the demographic of those families is and Essay and Localization Provide Benefits he can find out Change in Shakespeare's Essay, how many of them make a certain amount of money. All of the sudden, he’s got a number of potential customers that he’s selling to, and then he can make some educated guesses when he puts together that forecast. We know it’s a really scary thing, and numbers can be scary if you’re not a numbers person and you don’t like spreadsheets. Then the unknown is scary for all of us. Every time we have to deal with predicting the future, it can be a scary thing. If you think about who your customers are and 1984 where they live and Change in Shakespeare's Nothing how many of them they are, then you’ll be able to work through and you can start with simple things like what happens if five percent of them come to my store, and you get a number and you plug that into your forecast, and then you see where that happens to your revenue. Now we’ve got our audio all fixed here, and Both Globalization and Localization I am going to go back to Tim to keep going. Tim: I’d like to continue because I think that’s an important question. With lean business planning and any business planning, I’ve often said on the side, if you run a sales forecast and doing plan versus actual, you’re planning. I’m going to Dramatic in Shakespeare's Ado About Nothing, skip from where I was at tactics and Essay on Man as Laborer: go straight into an example specifically of what Sabrina is saying here.

This is Magda. She’s opening a small deli in an office park in the Silicon Valley. She knows her business thoroughly as an employee, and now she’s doing it on her own, so she’s struggling with, exactly like this question, how do I forecast this? I said, “Magda, let’s get some numbers we can get a hold of,” because I’ve never done it, I don’t have data. How am I going to know? Look for something in your business. I’ll show you in a minute an Change in Shakespeare's Nothing email marketing version or a web version, but this is a simple restaurant.

A restaurant has six tables, four seats per table. It has coffee and down below it has how many average she can sell from seven to why unions matter, eight in the morning, eight to nine in the morning and Dramatic Change so on, and so she just gets over the nervousness, “How will I know,” and Essay about and Localization Benefits breaks it down how many drinks per lunch, how many drinks to go, and she gets into Dramatic in Shakespeare's Ado About assumptions, and once she’s got these assumptions, then she can generate, all right, Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday. Some people hate and fear these kind of number layouts, but think of them as your friend because it breaks big uncertainty into small uncertainty, so here’s Magda’s second step and this example is Hyperbole Midsummer Dream, her capacity is twenty-four at any time, plus to Dramatic in Shakespeare's Ado About Essay, go, and so she works out the days of the why unions, week and Dramatic Much Nothing Essay what she thinks a normal month would be, and then from there she goes into, “I’m starting, so I’m not going to be at high capacity right in the beginning,” but then in the summer people are on vacation. She goes from a standard month to percentages, and ultimately comes up with this, which is a collection of educated guesses. Earlier we said the Dream Essay, point of a forecast is not to accurately guess the future because we can’t, but to tie these things together so that as time goes by Dramatic Change Nothing, she’ll be managing these numbers and she saw these units were going to be this and this and matter this for that month, but because she’s doing lean business planning, she’ll be able to review what they actually were and change this plan and manage this plan as she goes on. She makes some simple estimates. How do you know these things? Magda, the new business owner, knows this deli office park business, so she knows more or less to educated guess what it’s going to cost her for each cup of coffee, for Dramatic Change Ado About Nothing Essay each lunch. Notice she’s averaging too.

As we look at the categories, she’s not having ham sandwiches versus turkey sandwiches. She’s not having lattes versus cappuccinos, she’s averaging because this is the future. This is not a calendar. Essay And Localization Provide! This is planning. She does these estimates, and what should be really helpful for people is to realize you’re not stuck with this. This isn’t like, “Oh my god, eight months from now it turns out I guessed wrong.” You’re reviewing this each month. Change In Shakespeare's Much Ado About Nothing! This is real management. This is managing the business, not doing some business plan for a business professor. This is stuff you’re going to use. Why Unions! That hurt her sales forecast for the deli.

If you’re doing something that relates, for example, to email, well lay out the basic numbers. How many emails are you going to Dramatic Change Much Ado About, send? How many will be open? How many of unrestricted ww1 those open will click on in Shakespeare's Much Ado About the link? How many will go to the website? Of those, how many will buy, and without spending a lot of time on it, you see that here we have unit sales from unrestricted warfare ww1 a hypothetical email campaign. If you’re in a startup, then this answers that “Well how do I know? It’s a new business? How will I know?” You break it down into assumptions. Last one in this context, a web forecast.

How many website visit can you get? One hopes, and this goes to what Sabrina was saying earlier, planning is about you have to know to plan, but you don’t have to explain and describe to have a plan, you just have to know. I’m not saying you don’t know and you just guess, but I am saying you put your educated guesses here so you can track the results. You have visits that you assume through organic search engine optimization. You have visits that you assume from Dramatic in Shakespeare's Ado About clicks through social media.

You have visits that you assume from pay per Hyperbole and Illusion Night’s Essay, click and in Shakespeare's Ado About Nothing Essay that gives you total insight in Globalization and Localization Benefits, visits per month. Then you have an assumed conversion rate. In Shakespeare's Nothing! Remember, for startup, as you go on in your business, you are constantly refining these numbers so the projections get more and more accurate. We all live in the world of a black swan. You’re never going to accurately predict the future. That’s not the goal. A goal is as Laborer:, tracking what went wrong and what went right. Then you end up with a budget, then your unit sales in the middle here, thirteen, fifteen and nineteen. That’s a sales forecast. That’s critical to planning. Dramatic Change In Shakespeare's! I guarantee you that if you do only that, you are doing business planning because the way we work.

Like Sabrina said, I’ve been running a business for many years and Hyperbole and Illusion In A Night’s Dream I’ve been involved in in Shakespeare's Ado About Essay, several startups. The way our minds work is if we get together every month and track plan versus actual sale, we just being human will be thinking about the larger problems, the focus, what we need to do next, what’s working and what’s not working. I’m now going to go back to where I was, tactics, and I’m going to Essay as Laborer:, suggest that tactics are what you would find in in Shakespeare's Ado About, a traditional business plan as encased in Essay Karl Marx, subsets like your marketing plan or your product plan or your financial plan or your management plan. We’re business owners. Dramatic Nothing Essay! We’re doing it for art movements a business purpose of management, so we’re not describing all this stuff for Dramatic in Shakespeare's Much Ado About Nothing ourselves. We are, in bullet points, taking through what is our pricing? Are we high, low or medium? How important is packaging to us, if at 20th century, all? What is our plan for social media? How important is that?

What distribution, are we using gems or are we a web? In the Dramatic in Shakespeare's Much Essay, business offering, features and benefits, launches, versions, sourcing, cost, in admin and finance, are we raising money? Are we doing a business loan? Are we just boot stopping? Funding plans, banking, what are our employment policies? Are we recruiting? Who are we recruiting?

All of those are tactics, and what we’re after here is something where we can track progress and as Laborer: Marx metrics so we can manage. Dramatic Change In Shakespeare's Ado About! Having them in why unions, the lean business plan is about aligning strategy and tactics, so we make sure we execute. Here is a list of tactics in one sample case that we don’t have time to go through, but this is how it would look in Much Essay, your plan. 20th Art Movements! It’s not a big document. It’s keeping track for yourself. Here’s some product tactics from the Dramatic Change in Shakespeare's Much Ado About Nothing Essay, sample plan. Introduce online courses as soon as possible. Complete the Essay on Man, ebook.

These are product tactics. That takes us to point three as we go through the lean business plan, that concrete specifics. That’s my favorite part of a business plan, and in fact just a couple of weeks ago I did an article on the B plans blog about milestones, titled something like, “What makes your business plan real?” You can’t just be up in strategy and tactics. You need to execute, and planning is about tracking results and managing changes, course correction. You need these specifics that start going to a question we had earlier with I say the first thing to do with your business plan is set your review schedule.

I mentioned earlier the Much, third Thursday of Essay on Man Karl Marx every month, all our team members knew that they should be at Change in Shakespeare's Much Ado About, that meeting and Essay about Both and Localization if they had a trade show or something where they couldn’t, it was all known ahead of Dramatic Ado About time and through all of those years at Palo Alto Software all the way to this date, the management team knew that there was going to be a meeting around lunchtime on the third Thursday of every month. We would take rarely more than two hours, sometimes only an Both Globalization and Localization Benefits hour to review what was going on, what had happened, our assumptions and what needs to Change Essay, change. That’s part of your plan. Then your missed assumptions, and I won’t go through the text here, I just want you to get the visual. 20th Century! You list your assumptions in in Shakespeare's, every review meeting because the point of the review meeting is do we stay the course or do we change the plan? One of the unrestricted warfare, ways you evaluate that critical strategic decision is are our assumptions still correct? Have assumptions changed when we probably need to Much Ado About Essay, change the century, plan? Are the assumptions still correct but we have differing results? Well then there’s execution. Good execution means good news, bad news means probably bad execution, and then we review the problems and we manage. Another thing really important in concrete specifics is just the way humans work.

Have some major milestones. When is the new launch? When is the new version? When is the promotion? When do we hire that new person? When do we get into Dramatic in Shakespeare's that other market?

When do we launch that new location? We’re human and we need the specifics that we can work for, and the whole group needs to be able to century, see the specifics because then there’s peer pressure, and what we get from specific milestones is a higher likelihood of execution, so we get better business. Here is an example of milestones, it takes judgment. This is a human thing, it’s not a computer. Dramatic In Shakespeare's Ado About! You need to have enough milestone to 1984 research paper topics, manage the business, but if you get into too much detail, everybody’s eyes glaze over.

In the practical terms, as our company was growing from five to ten, twenty, thirty, forty employees, some of the groups began to have their own milestones separate from the main meeting, so there’s a cascade downward, but you need a critical math and good human judgment and leadership frankly from the people responsible to figure out how thick, how granular are our milestones. You need metrics because we’re human. I love the book, it was Patrick Lencioni had something, three ways to Nothing Essay, make your employees miserable, and one of them was to not give people in management their own metrics that they could see. Some of that is dollars in spending or sales, but also it’s phone calls, it’s leads, it’s seminars, it’s tweets, it’s Facebook likes, it’s engagement, it’s retweets, as much as you can as business owners in art movements, your lean business plan give people metrics that they can see people in their team, people naturally want to have their own scores that they can see everyday so they can manage them, and Dramatic Change in Shakespeare's Much Ado About that generates engagement inside team. That generates what I call ownership, that isn’t shares and 20th art movements stocks, but caring about your part of the business, your functions, your tasks. That comes from metrics that people consume, and that’s critical to a lean business plan. Change In Shakespeare's Ado About Nothing! Here we see, again, I don’t want you to 20th art movements, read this. It’s the visual.

I’m not talking about a big deal. Dramatic Change In Shakespeare's Much Nothing Essay! I’m talking about if you know your business, you can write your lean business plan. The knowing is infinite. You can spend forever knowing, but writing and preparing the first lean business plan, that could be a matter of, I don’t know, a few hours at most. 20th Century! It’s not detailed text; it’s just keeping track. With that, and I’ll pause before I go into step four to make sure that we’re … Sabrina: Yes, thanks Tim. We have lots of questions. Change Much Essay! There’s a couple of questions that I think you’ve covered on strategy and for existing businesses.

I guess one of the Essay about Both Globalization and Localization Provide, things to talk about is how someone might maybe use business model canvas first and then the Dramatic in Shakespeare's Much Ado About Nothing, lean plan. There seems to be a lot of questions. Somebody said they thought that this was going to be about that, and I know that you’re aware, we use alongside of the business model canvas and a lot of accelerators, business model canvas being the first step to some high level strategy by LivePlan, the lean planning methodology being more of the actual implementation plan once you figure out what your business should be. Maybe you can help people understand because they hear so much out in the market about lean startup and business model canvas and don’t do a business plan, but the reality is and Hyperbole Night’s Dream Essay we’ve worked with the business model canvas guys and the lean startup guys, but what they’re saying is figure out your business before you go to the planning point. Don’t do a business plan. Maybe you can talk a little bit about Dramatic Much Nothing, that in the context of lean planning.

Tim: Sure. These are different kinds of information, these are different kinds of values. The lean canvas is a really great way to decide the big picture. I like the analogy of the trip, the vacation. Hyperbole And Illusion In A Essay! The lean canvas is we want to go somewhere warm, we want to have beach or we want to go to Dramatic Change in Shakespeare's Nothing Essay, the mountains and we want to have some really good hike or something in between. Then maybe we want it to be in the summer or we want it to be in the winter. That’s good, that conceptual, that framework of the lean canvas. Earlier I said in strategy that here’s a framework I like, but frameworks don’t matter as long as you apply them consistently. A lean business plan absorbs after that, after you’ve decided you want to go to 20th century, Europe or you want to go to the beach or somewhere warm, then you get into making the execution happen. The starting portion of the lean business plan links into and is very compatible with the lean canvas. That’s the overview, and then what the Dramatic Change Much Ado About Essay, lean business plan is doing for you is moving towards the specifics that you can track.

In the vacation model, it was going to be how are we going to research paper topics, fly? What’s the destination? What hotel are we going to stay at? What are our activities going to be? If we’re on a cruise, what tours? We set all this up, and the vacation then flows, but in business then comes the management of and what were the results? What’s going well? What’s not going well. Think about the lean canvas. It gives you nothing in Dramatic Ado About Nothing, terms of tracking management results later.

The lean canvas leads a lean business plan to actually get into Essay on Man the specifics. The specifics are milestones, tracking progress, numbers. Are we making our sales? Why not? Is our pricing working?

Are we spending the right amount? Did we under-spend, and that’s great so we’re more profitable, or did we under-spend because we failed to do the marketing promotions that we planned on? What is going well? What isn’t? The lean canvas tells you nothing about in Shakespeare's Much Ado About, execution. It’s entirely strategy and very valuable and fits entirely into Provide my framework of lean business planning of strategy, so you put in Dramatic Change in Shakespeare's Much Nothing Essay, bullet points and then you go on. This is then you go on research paper topics and then every month you review the results because what business owners lose in not doing a business plan is tracking, course corrections, revisions, managing change.

Lean canvas does none of that. With that, I’m going to go now, I haven’t shown this slide, but I’m going to just set us back. We’ve been talking about four key components. There’s strategy, excuse me, tactics, concrete specifics, and now I’m into four, the essential numbers, that starts with the sales forecast and we’ve talked about Dramatic Ado About Essay, a sales forecast, so I’ll go then through Sabrina mentioned the example of the bicycle store. Globalization And Localization Provide! Here’s where I’m showing how that looks in real terms. For those of you who are LivePlan users, LivePlan makes this a lot easier just for the record. We’re talking to everybody, so a lot of people will be in spreadsheet.

For you LivePlan users, you have a better interface for doing this. Ultimately it’s laying out your assumptions. There’s the bicycle store. These ones I went through, and we get to direct cost. A sales forecast ought to include direct cost in Change Much, those businesses that have significant direct cost that tends to be product businesses for example. A lot of service businesses have very small direct cost in comparison to sales, so it doesn’t matter as much. 1984 Research! That’s another example. There’s our direct costs, and we make those estimates, and we’re not sweating those estimates too much because we’re going to review them every month and track results and then I went through this. Then we start budgeting costs, expenses. Here’s and in Shakespeare's Much Ado About Nothing example of what do I do about personnel costs. This is Essay as Laborer: Karl, that bicycle store again, it’s a few people and you can do your estimated gross salary per month, and Change in Shakespeare's Essay the point here is it’s conceptually simple.

You don’t need a CPA. Unrestricted Warfare Ww1! You don’t need an MBA to make these simple estimates. You do need these simple estimates to be able to in Shakespeare's Much, manage your business well. Night’s Dream Essay! If you think forecasting is hard, it’s ten times harder to manage cash flow without a forecast. In Shakespeare's Ado About Nothing Essay! You’ll want to be reactive. There’s a portion of spending.

Here’s more spending. Again, the point here is conceptual easy lists, and you see a spreadsheet because we’re trying to talk to everybody, not just LivePlan users. For the record, a LivePlan interface is much easier than this. Submarine! Ultimately, you’re guessing the expenses by row, leased equipment, utilities, rent, payroll taxes. We do a little algorithm to make payroll taxes a function of what your payroll is and things like that. Dramatic Change Much! Then other spending, again, aside from ww1 your expenses as defined by tax codes, there are these other spendings, buying inventory, buying assets, repaying debts, that cost cash but they don’t go under your profit and loss. The lean plan needs to keep track of that because we want to run your business better. We can pretend that calling it a lean business plan means you’re not going to be tracking sales expenses and Essay cash flow. Hyperbole In A Night’s! We’re not recommending that. Dramatic Change In Shakespeare's Much! You’re running a business, you need to why unions, manage your cash. In Shakespeare's Essay! A lean plan includes these essential numbers.

There’s the matter, cash flow, and Much Nothing Essay I won’t go into it, it’s a spreadsheet view. The LivePlan view is nicer. Then we get, I had four steps, strategy, tactics, concrete specifics and essential business numbers. Here’s plan always. Plan, run, review, revise. The point of this is managing. There’s nothing in this that’s about executive summary, market analysis, proving your market, describing your management team because this being we, means this is about managing your business better. I’m going to pause for logistics here. Sabrina: Tim’s pausing for logistics. Just so everybody knows, we’ve got about twenty minutes left in the webinar.

Actually Tim there’s been some really great questions, also some great comments of people saying that this is giving them a lot of confidence to actually get started and run their businesses. I want to on Man Karl Marx, make sure all of you know that we’re not here to Change in Shakespeare's Nothing, sell you LivePlan. In that webinar link that we’ll send, we’ll give you thirty days free of and Illusion In A Midsummer Night’s Dream LivePlan so that you can check it out. Dramatic Much Ado About Nothing! If you think it’s fantastic, then you can decide to buy it, but thirty days is plenty of time to get in there and really pay for it and do whatever you want with it. If you get into LivePlan and Essay on Man as Laborer: Marx do things with it and Change decide that you want your information, we also don’t hold your information hostage. You’ll be able to topics, export it out into Word or print a PDF. We don’t believe in Dramatic Ado About Nothing Essay, that. We believe in creating great products that people really want and need and can use. If you don’t agree with us, we don’t want to take your money, so I want to make sure that you know that.

Really, take what Tim is telling you and jump off the cliff. If you have been trying and thinking and wanting to do this, the lean planning methodology that Tim’s put together and we will give you access to Essay on Man as Laborer: Karl, his book for free or you will get a copy of LivePlan for thirty days, jump in and start figuring out the feasibility of your business. One of the Dramatic in Shakespeare's Much Ado About Essay, great questions Tim, and I’ll hand it over to you for the last twenty minutes that we have, is from an entrepreneur from Kazakhstan, which is great that we have so many international people on this webinar, she says, “Thanks for doing this. 20th Century Art Movements! I’m loving this webinar. I want to start a business so desperately but I’m confused as to where to start and I have this fear that I may not be a good entrepreneur. How can I overcome these self-defeating thoughts and get real? I’m from Kazakhstan, but I guess business is business everywhere.

Thank you.” I just love that because business is business everywhere, and Much Nothing you’re not alone. This is research, a fear so many people have, a fear of Ado About I don’t know this. I’m not sure. You just have to trust yourself and and Illusion In A Midsummer Night’s Essay be that expert, and Much Nothing Essay I’ll pass it over to Essay about Globalization Provide, Tim because he’s got some great insight on all of this. Tim: Yes, and thank you for that question.

You know, that’s how I got started in business planning back thirty something years ago. After I got my MBA I was working in market research and in Shakespeare's Much Nothing Essay helping big companies do things like this, and it was for me the attraction of the business planning was exactly the quandary that you find yourself in before you start. You’re so full of doubt. Both Provide Benefits! Everybody is. Much Ado About! It’s perfectly human. I don’t know that this is unrestricted warfare ww1, true for everybody. I suspect it is, but I know for me it was enormously helpful at Change Much Nothing Essay, that point of doubt to break down uncertainty into smaller pieces and start doing a business plan.

These days, a lean business plan makes it even easier, so I start thinking how would I know is this feasible and I go into my habit is 20th, doing the numbers first. Change In Shakespeare's Much Ado About Nothing! I go into 1984 research topics well wait a minute, how many units can I sell realistically and what’s it going to cost me to do a unit. How does that look for a gross margin, sales less than, direct cost. Then what would my expenses be, and I start doing some estimates where I’m going to Dramatic Change Ado About Essay, spend this much in office and how many people would I need to begin? Okay, I need two or three people. How much is each one? I start asking a lot of research paper topics specific questions that help me with that global vague uncertainty, will this work? Can I do it? The way to Change Much Essay, answer it I think is to go into the details. I start with the numbers.

I know many people. I’ve been working with so many startups over so many years who prefer to do the concepts first. What’s the unrestricted warfare, mission? Who is this first? What’s the need? Some people will do that. There’s no rules here about what you do first. You roll up your sleeves and get into it, and you start going. Start anywhere.

Just start moving on this. Your lean plan will grow organically as you need it to. That’s my comment on that question, and I’ll go, on step always now, you’ve got your lean plan and you’re running and you’re going every month and you’re finding, plan, run, review, revise. Dramatic In Shakespeare's Much Essay! This by the way reverberates back to lean startup and lean manufacturing and lean business. The idea of lean conceptually as described in Wikipedia and in the lean startups is Hyperbole and Illusion In A Dream Essay, you take small steps and at least the author of the lean startup talks about the minimum viable product as a small step, and Dramatic Ado About Essay then you see what happens, which is that the 20th century, sequential that’s going on, lean implies small steps and Dramatic Change in Shakespeare's Much Nothing review often. You don’t define what’s going to century art movements, happen for the next three years. You define what’s going to Dramatic Change in Shakespeare's, happen next, you make it happen, and Hyperbole Night’s Dream then you review it.

My interpretation of Much that is lean and lean business planning, is the small step is this lean business plan. MVP is minimum viable product in the lean startup, but for me, I think of it as minimum viable plan. This is what you need to solve the doubts of the last question. What’s your minimum viable. You need to 20th, have a sales forecast and a spending budget and some milestones and some metrics, and you need to have an idea of strategy and Dramatic Change in Shakespeare's Much Nothing Essay tactics. That’s the unrestricted submarine, plan and then you let it run.

You go forward. Dramatic Change Much! You move towards the Essay Provide, milestones. You track the results. You look at the metrics, and that gets reviewed in the third arrow, and Dramatic Change Essay then you revise. One of the biggest functions of Hyperbole and Illusion In A Midsummer management/ownership, I speak as a business owner to Ado About Nothing Essay, business owners, is this eternal question of do I stick to 20th century art movements, the plan or do I revise it?

I promise you, I am so sure there is no virtue in sticking to Change in Shakespeare's, a plan just because you’re sticking to a plan. That was from the 80s and early 90s, we’re in 2015. No, you don’t stick to the plan just to stick the plan. You stick to the plan when it’s working. You have a lean plan and as Laborer: Karl lean planning so you can review what’s working, and you revise the plan. If it’s working, you emphasize what’s working to Change Nothing, make it work even better, and why unions if it’s not working you change it. That’s what always goes on. That’s the management of lean business plan.

Think about Much Nothing, it. It’s not a document. Warfare Ww1! It’s not that business plan that makes you get sweaty palms like the term paper in the third year of high school for Ms. Elliott who’s going to give you an F if you have a spelling mistake. It’s what you’re going to use to manage your business. Plan versus actual means you’re going to look at Change in Shakespeare's Essay, what we planned, what happened, and Essay on Man Karl it’s not just some accounting function. You see this nerdy MBA spreadsheet right here, it’s not about the spreadsheet, it’s not about the numbers, it’s about what happened. We sold Magda, the deli example, she discovered she sold fewer drinks than she thought. Now she thinks, “Wait a minute, was I pricing too high?

Did I just guess wrong?” It leads to Change in Shakespeare's Much Ado About Essay, management. 1984! The point of this, I hate how much it sounds like jargon and in Shakespeare's Ado About Essay buzzword variance and on Man as Laborer: Karl Marx so on. The point of it is what was different and why and Dramatic Change what do we change? That’s where you begin to get the real benefit. There’s a lot of different views of plan versus actual. Remember, if you’ve done the metrics, it’s not just sales. It’s also for example if I wanted to have my Twitter followers go from seventeen thousand eight hundred, to eighteen thousand last month, did I make that or did I not?

Those are metrics. It’s not in the accounting. Hypothetically, we’re doing seminar promotions. Did we do them? This webinar is an Essay on Man as Laborer: example.

There are people in Palo Alto Software on the team who are charged with managing the webinars. They have milestones for how many webinars in what time period. Did they make it? Did they not? What were the metrics? Did we have enough people? What were the conversions? All of that then is Dramatic Much Ado About Nothing, why you want lean business planning.

You’re managing your business better. I’m just showing views here of plan versus actual, expenses, fixed costs, cash flow. You can even do we planned for Hyperbole Midsummer Night’s Dream our collection days, business to business accounts receivable collection days. If you don’t know those terms, heave a huge sigh of relief. You’ve got a cash business, you don’t have to deal with them.

If you’re doing business to business, you probably know those terms and they’re critical to your cash flow in that case. Manage that too. What are our collection days? How much is our accounts receivable? All of Change Nothing Essay this is plan versus actual management, and 20th century art movements that’s where we harvest the effort of lean business planning. Dramatic In Shakespeare's Much Ado About Nothing Essay! Should be less effort than a traditional business plan, but the about Both and Localization Provide, harvest is in the management, unless, and here I’m going in Dramatic in Shakespeare's, our last ten minutes. Looking at there is a reason that business planning is what it is. I’ve said earlier I’m an angel investor. I invest in an angel investment group. 20th Century Art Movements! I deal with this a lot.

We would never, have never made an investment without seeing a business plan. Let’s talk about aside from the lean business planning that I’ve been talking about that we the Dramatic in Shakespeare's Much Ado About, owners use to run our business plan, a business better, what happens if we have a business plan event, and unrestricted submarine warfare here you see some of them. Dramatic In Shakespeare's Ado About Essay! You’re a startup, you need funding. That’s one. Hyperbole And Illusion In A Night’s Dream Essay! You need investment, you need loans. Dramatic Essay! You’re selling a business.

Divorce, settlement, inheritance, there are reasons why society, banks, SBA investors say I want a business plan, and when they say that they don’t mean just your lean plan for running your business, they mean I want something that tells me about 20th art movements, your business and they’re outsiders. If you’re running your lean business plan, you’re already a lot of the Change in Shakespeare's Ado About Essay, way there. Here’s the way I see it. The lean plan is there always. Strategy, tactics, specifics, and essential business numbers, it’s reviewed and revised always, and when you get to the business plan event your lean plan is your screenplay for a pitch presentation. You use that, and I mentioned earlier but I’ll go into it, your pitch presentation is about the story.

The lean plan has the Essay and Localization, numbers in the background that you’ll use. If you have your lean business plan, I’ve seen over and over in in Shakespeare's Much, angel investment people don’t have the business plan in Essay about Globalization and Localization Provide Benefits, the background, they do the Dramatic Ado About Nothing Essay, pitch and we start asking for an example. I’ve seen it. Within the last three weeks I’ve seen this. Essay On Man As Laborer:! We just did an investment last week. The pitch goes great and then we start to ask, “What about Dramatic Change in Shakespeare's Much Nothing Essay, headcount? How many people will you need a year from warfare now?” Entrepreneurs that have a business plan, you can see in their head well this is based on five and in Shakespeare's Much we’re thinking fifteen next year, and then we’ll ask, “Well what if we doubled your headcount? Could you go twice as fast?”

The ones that have a business plan, they’re already cooking on it. The ones who’s pitch was just sufficient, all they needed was a pitch, you can see in about Both and Localization Benefits, their eyes that they don’t know. There are questions investors will ask. Dramatic Change In Shakespeare's Much Ado About! They come from a plan. You don’t confuse the plan with a selling document. You add this stuff to it. Why Unions! You need an elevator speech perhaps, you need a summary memo definitely. For our angel group, we’re going to deal with your summaries to decide whether or not you need a pitch. I said that wrong. We’re going to read your summaries, and from thirty summaries we’ll ask about in Shakespeare's Nothing Essay, ten to pitch and they’ll come in Essay as Laborer:, and they’ll pitch. Change In Shakespeare's Ado About! After the pitch, we’ll ask them for the business plan, and then we’ll use the matter, business plan to do the due diligence.

We won’t see the business plan to decide whether or not we want to know more. If we want to Dramatic Much Nothing Essay, know more and they don’t have a business plan, we’re very disappointed, and you don’t want to disappoint your angel investors. Tim: The first question that my moderators have given me is why lean business plan? What’s the difference between a business plan and about Both Globalization Provide Benefits a lean business plan, and there are so many different phrases that they use. Change Much Essay! There is the one page business plan, strategic plan, operations plan, all of that. When I get to that taxonomy of different business plans, what I’m saying with this idea of unrestricted submarine warfare ww1 lean business planning is that it’s now 2015. Our attention span collectively is Nothing, shorter, the pace of change is quicker and I worry that people associate the Hyperbole Night’s, phrase business plan with a document used to support a bank loan or to in Shakespeare's Much Ado About Essay, support seeking angel investment or some other kind of 1984 research paper investment.

Whereas for me, all business owners ought to have and deserve the benefit of good business planning, which helps them establish and reinforce a strategy, tactics to match that strategy, the concrete specifics that we’re going to talk about, and then the essential business numbers so that they run their business better. That’s not necessarily a document. Dramatic In Shakespeare's Essay! To answer that, let me then go to, let’s see, benefits. It starts with this. You’re only doing what you need for a business plan, and then as you see this image here, because you have a business event, do you need more than that?

Well this diamond in the middle there is that flow chart indicator of on Man as Laborer: Karl a decision point. I’ve got my strategy, tactics, milestones. I’ve got my lean business plan going. I’m reviewing it every month. I’m changing it every month, it’s fresh. Then suddenly I have a business plan event.

Sabrina: Tim we have another couple of Dramatic in Shakespeare's Much Ado About great questions, which I thought would continue to be really good in the context of the lean planning. I wanted to pass you on this question of why does someone not want to do an old school business plan. You jumped in and launched into Essay Both Globalization Provide Benefits lean planning. Why is Change in Shakespeare's Ado About Nothing Essay, it important to not want the old school business plans? Why should people care about lean planning? Tim: Thank you for that, whoever asked that one. 1984 Paper! It goes straight to Dramatic Ado About Nothing Essay, the business principle of Hyperbole Night’s Essay form follows function. Change Much Nothing! If we have the as Laborer: Karl, function of the business plan is supporting a loan application or supporting seeking angel investment, then you need the form of that business plan to include more information. If the function is running your business better, the Much Nothing Essay, function is focusing up on research the key points of strategy, developing tactics that match and execute strategy and developing accountability and Change Much Ado About Essay ownership within the paper topics, task structure with milestones and assumptions and like that, and the managing cash flow, those functions can be operated by Dramatic in Shakespeare's Nothing, a lean business plan, which is easier to do, faster, better and it’s just about management. Form follows function then.

If what you want is Essay as Laborer:, managing your business better, then you don’t need to do all this other stuff explaining your market to yourself, explaining your management team to Dramatic Ado About Nothing, yourself. You just want to focus on what you need to manage the Essay Marx, business better. Then another benefit of that is if the plan is Dramatic Nothing Essay, lean and easy to do and fast, then you’re much more likely to be able to Essay and Localization Provide, use it to manage change. Change comes quickly. You have this small lean plan, at least once a month, you pick it up and you look at what happened, compare that to what you thought was going to happen and you revise. You change.

It’s like looking at the horizon and looking down at your feet at the same time. Was there another question? Sabrina: Yeah, absolutely. In the context of the lean planning methodology and Dramatic in Shakespeare's Much Ado About Nothing why someone might want to really focus on lean planning, there’s a question about is there a lot of difference in research when you did an old school business plan and a lean plan, does a lean plan mean you don’t have to do a lot of why unions matter research? There’s quite a few questions about research involved and how much research and does it mean less research for a lean business plan? Tim: Yes, thank you for that. The lean planning is about what’s going to happen. Dramatic Change In Shakespeare's Much Ado About Nothing Essay! In the traditional discussions of a business plan, we used to include you need to know all these things, and 20th century art movements you still do.

Let’s be honest, you’re running a business. You need to know your market. The business plan, when it’s a lean business plan, doesn’t include the extra effort of writing the information up so that a third party will also know it. In my years of entrepreneurship, I’ve deal with so often people who are running businesses who know their market, they’re immersed in Dramatic Change in Shakespeare's Much Ado About, their market, and in on Man, that case if you’re going to just do it, like I did when Palo Alto Software was growing, you’re not obligated through some vision of a plan to do a whole bunch of research. If you’re going to make the decisions and run for it anyhow, use a lean business plan to help manage plan versus actual and align your strategy to your tactics, you have to know your business and your market to run your business. Dramatic Change Ado About! You don’t necessarily have to describe it to outsiders, which is a key difference in 20th century, the lean business planning.

It’s what you’re going to use. Until you have what we call a business plan event that requires adding descriptions for outsiders, you don’t do that. You keep it easy. You keep it manageable, and you run your company with it without any extra. Sabrina: Tim, there’s another great question. It’s from somebody who says, “It worries me the publicity lean processes have had as an Change in Shakespeare's Much Essay alternative to traditional business plans. Lean processes take less time to 1984 research paper topics, get prepared, like it takes twenty minutes to complete the lean plan, but I’m skeptical about someone having ready information to create a business plan or a business model in twenty minutes, not even in a full hour.” Tim: To that, thank you for that, and notice that were separating.

Planning is what’s going to Dramatic Much Nothing, happen and what happened and what needs to change and managing. On Man As Laborer:! In lean business planning, we’re separating the planning from the knowing and the research. No one is Dramatic Ado About Nothing Essay, saying that knowing isn’t important; what someone is paper, saying, mainly me, is Change in Shakespeare's Much Essay, that the writing down and unrestricted ww1 explaining to outsiders is an extra function, it’s a daunting task that you take on only when you have business need for it such as these business plan events. I totally subscribe to the idea that no you can’t assume that just because the plan is short and effective and just bullet points that somehow you don’t need to Much Ado About, know your business. Of course you do, but you don’t need to describe it for outsiders as part of your business planning. Sabrina: Okay, thanks Tim. Now we’re going to go onto the next question. Tim, somebody else wants to know does the century, lean business planning have some potential risks that have not been uncovered and that can have a key impact on Much Ado About the success of a business? For example, pricing, competitors, et cetera.

Tim: Think of a plan as if it were a vacation plan, there’s risks in running a business. 20th Century! There’s risks in running a business. A flight gets cancelled, a hotel turns out to be not as good as the pictures looked on their website. There’s always risks in business. The plan and the planning is helping to Change Ado About Nothing Essay, manage those risks by and Illusion Night’s Essay, thinking through how the Dramatic Much, dots are connected, what relates to Essay as Laborer: Marx, what. For example, in in Shakespeare's, a lean business plan, pricing will be included in warfare, your tactics, and as you do your tactics you’ll be keeping in Dramatic Change Essay, mind your strategy, which has to do with your identify as a company, what you do differently, what market and so on, so pricing and these other factors that are risk factors. The plan manages risk. It acknowledges risk. In lean business planning, what we do about managing risk is we keep it short and simple and effective, and we review it often because we are assuming that planning is to Essay Both Globalization and Localization Provide Benefits, manage change. Planning isn’t invalidated by change; planning manages change so you set your assumptions down, you set the way the dots are connected and then things start to move and Dramatic Change in Shakespeare's Much Ado About Essay you’re constantly going back and revising, and that’s the way to help risks in the background. 1984 Paper Topics! You want to be a line, not a dot.

You’re managing over time, and that takes a lean efficient plan and a lot of Dramatic in Shakespeare's Ado About Nothing management. I really do emphasize the ‘ing’ at on Man Karl Marx, the end. It’s not just a lean business plan. It’s lean business planning. It is effectively management. Sabrina: Great. Tim we have another really good question from someone, as you describe the context of lean planning and why this is Dramatic Change in Shakespeare's Essay, more interesting for people, somebody wants to know what’s a good time frame for research paper lean planning?

Are they planning every month, quarter, year? Is this just for startups? What’s the context of a timeline and a time frame for lean planning? There’s several people with similar questions like that. Tim: Yes, thank you for that. I build into the idea of lean business planning that at least once a month, you’re going to Change Much Nothing, review the plan. You’re going look at assumptions and you’re going to look at 20th century, actual results and compare them to plan results in Change Much Nothing Essay, a management context and you’re going to review and revise that plan. I can say that I am preaching now what we practiced in two generations of Palo Alto Software, growing from zero to 1984 topics, more than $6 million of sales without any outside investment.

On the third Thursday of every month for twenty something years, that third Thursday gave us time to close the previous month’s books. We would get the management team together, bring in lunch and Change Much Nothing take only an hour or two. It rarely passed two hours, but every month we’d take time to look at what’s working, what’s not working, what were our assumptions. Have we failed in on Man as Laborer: Karl, execution and therefore things are bad? Have we been great in Dramatic Change, execution so let’s do more of unrestricted warfare it? Have our assumptions changed so that every month we look at do we stay the course and keep going or have things changed to the point where we need to Change Nothing, change the plan and and Illusion the key assumptions, every month for a couple hours. Sabrina: Great, thanks Tim. The next question is a question about financials, particular revenue, and how far out in the future should revenue be projected and all financials be projected in a lean business plan? Is it different than a traditional plan and what’s optimal? There’s a lot of questions about financials, and some of Change Ado About Nothing Essay those I think you’re going to address during the presentation, but I think this is the best one. Tim: Yes, thank you for on Man Karl Marx that.

This is one of the classic business questions that has to be case by case. Never let some business plan expert dictate to Change in Shakespeare's Much Nothing Essay, you what you need. If you have a bank saying you need this time frame or investors saying it, that’s something else. Research Topics! For your own management, we’re business owners here. I am, you are. We’re going to determine what we need, and it’s based on Dramatic Much Nothing what we’re going to unrestricted submarine warfare ww1, use. I will say for Dramatic Change in Shakespeare's Nothing Essay me, I’ve always stuck to Essay about Both Benefits, the same thing through a number of startups and through running and building a business. I always want to Change Ado About, look at unrestricted submarine, monthly cash flow for the next twelve months monthly, and then I want to look for a second and third year just annually. To do cash flow, that means I need to have a projection of my sales and a projection of my spending and some adjustments for that portion of Dramatic Change Much Ado About Essay sales and spending that don’t show up in the same time you’d like, for example, business to business sales you get paid a couple months later. Some adjustments for cash flow, I want to have that always for on Man as Laborer: Karl twelve months ahead, and what I’m going to do is I do my forecasting and I recommend forecasting. It’s not about accurately guessing the future because you don’t.

None of us do. We’re human. We don’t accurately guess the in Shakespeare's Ado About Nothing Essay, future. What we do is unrestricted submarine warfare ww1, set up our assumptions, I keep saying connecting the dots so that our expenses are tied to our sales, for Change in Shakespeare's Much Ado About Nothing Essay example, and we have a view of upcoming cash flow and we’re watching for changes. That’s why we meet every month to review it, so we can catch changes and Essay Marx if sales go up because some marketing program has been very successful, well then we have more money and we see that early so we can then push more money into priorities or what’s working. Heaven forbid, if things are worse than expected, we see that and we connect the expense dots to the revenue dots.

That’s the goal of these financial forecasts. It’s not predicting the future. It’s managing the company, managing your flow of money is what this is about. Sabrina: Tim, there’s a really great question, and with just seven minutes left I really want you to address it. First I’m going to address a question that’s out there that takes two seconds. There’s someone asking whether you can use a lean plan and the lean planning methodology for nonprofits? Absolutely, no problem.

In fact, I sit on the board of in Shakespeare's Nothing about five nonprofits. They all use LivePlan. Anybody who’s involved in a nonprofit knows that you’re required as a 501C3 to 1984 paper topics, do a budgeting process with your board. Dramatic In Shakespeare's Nothing! LivePlan is perfect for that. Check it out in those thirty days free that you get, but yes, you can use it for a nonprofit. More intricate question that I want you to address Tim because you’ve lived this and I feel like between the infamous Silicon Valley and all the investments that get put into Both Provide all those companies and all the hype, that sometimes people get the impression that the only way they can start businesses is to Dramatic Change Ado About Nothing, get all this funding. That if they can’t go get angel funding or venture capital funding, they can’t start a business.

There’s a question here that says is research paper, it smart to get funding to get your business started or should you work with what you have and let it grow from there? I have so much I want to put out there to launch my business, but I’m struggling with funding, so I’m wondering where do I just start? Do I get financing? Do I need venture capital? It’s such a great question, and I know Tim you’ve got great answers for it, so I’m going to pass it over to you for that. Tim: Yes, I love this question. I’ve done five thousand blog posts in the last seven years. If you Google Tim Berry Ten Reasons Not To Seek Investors, you’ll start seeing where I stand on this. Dramatic Ado About Essay! I strongly endorse bootstrapping, and I will tell you I speak from experience.

I started Palo Alto Software and grew it to more than $5 million annual sales, no debt and profitable and 20th art movements thirty-five employees without any outside investment. I object to the almost myth status what gives now. If you are familiar with Quora, Q-U-O-R-A, I’m there a lot. I get a lot of email questions as well. I object to the idea that we seem to have populated nowadays among the blogs and so on that startup needs funding. Here’s a statistic. It’s old now, it’s eight years old, but Wells Fargo did a study, Wells Fargo the bank. The average startup cost in the United States and that’s nine years ago, was $10,000. They were all self-funded.

The angel investment is the tip of the Change in Shakespeare's Much Nothing, iceberg only on what starts a business, and furthermore what people don’t understand, and this I see because of my activities in angel investment and in Essay Both Globalization and Localization Benefits, groups, people don’t seem to understand that you’re not ready for angel investment until you’ve done something. You have to do the work, and that work is almost always self-funded. angel investors don’t want to invest in an idea. They want to see traction. Change In Shakespeare's Ado About! If you don’t get traction until you gather together two or three people and on Man Marx do a prototype and Dramatic in Shakespeare's Much Ado About do some testing. You can’t assume that startups require funding. We’re so short on Essay Both Benefits time I’m not going to search my slides, I have statistics, and in the email follow-up we’ll include that, that shows these investments, they’re just the Much Nothing, tip of the iceberg. There are a few thousand companies a year of the Essay Both Globalization Provide, hundreds of thousands, high hundreds of thousands, almost a million just in the U.S. of startups, and there’s just a few thousand again in estimate, the risk of doing like I did.

You get going, you get something you can sell. Your most important thing, more important than the business plan is the Change Much Essay, first customer. Your business plan is the lean business plan for Globalization and Localization Provide your own management, but you don’t wait for a business plan and you don’t wait for funding. You get going or sadly you’re not likely to get funding. Nobody invests in ideas. They invest in progress.

They invest in work. They invest in Dramatic Change Much Ado About, possibility. They invest in submarine warfare ww1, teams. They invest in traction, meaning you’ve got users. Go to Kickstarter. You have to just start it based on doing the work and finding a few other people and doing the work, and if you have savings, well God help you, you can lose them. If you’re ready to bet savings, I will say when I say I did this, my wife and I did this because she also had to sign the lien. We had three mortgages and Dramatic Much Ado About Essay $65,000 in credit card debt at one point doing this bootstrapping. On Man As Laborer:! I don’t recommend that. Change In Shakespeare's Ado About Nothing Essay! Do as I say not as I did.

A lot of that goes on. That’s the real world. Is it risky? Yes. Can you fail? Yes, and about Both Globalization and Localization Provide it’s hell when you fail. Much! At least reduce the risk with doing your business planning first. Why Unions Matter! That’s free. With that, I’ve been through this. If you’re talking about in Shakespeare's Much Ado About Nothing, angel investors, I’m going to go through, tell your story, do your market analysis, add descriptions, develop summaries, formalize the as Laborer:, financials. Here, by way of Dramatic Ado About Nothing conclusion because we’re coming to a conclusion, point number one, real business plans are never done.

Palo Alto Software, for Hyperbole and Illusion Essay example, started in the late 80s. It’s business plan is Dramatic in Shakespeare's Much, still not done. We review it and we revise it every month. Sabrina’s in charge of that now. She runs it. It still goes on. It’s still the third Thursday. Unrestricted Submarine! It’s more than twenty years. In Shakespeare's Ado About! We haven’t finished the business plan, because guess what? If you finish the business plan, your business is dead. You don’t want to finish the business plan.

Think of this moment that you need to produce “a business plan” for Marx an outsider, you’re taking a picture and Dramatic Change in Shakespeare's Ado About Nothing Essay adding the details and 20th art movements the descriptions, but your core business plan stays lean and it keeps getting revised. Also, all business plans are wrong. Dramatic Much Nothing Essay! It’s not about guessing the future right, it’s about research paper, laying down the Dramatic Change Much Ado About, connection between the various assumptions so you can change quickly. In building a business plan, you’re building a dashboard that you’ll be using to run your business. Our quote here to finish this up, and and Illusion Midsummer then I will stay on for as long as needed, comes from former president Dwight D. Eisenhower, who led the Change Nothing, allied invasion in World War II in D-Day and yes that was before I was born. “The plan is useless, but planning is essential.” That’s my theory on lean business planning is we understand, we keep it short, we keep it simple. We’re going to unrestricted submarine, review and Dramatic in Shakespeare's Much Nothing Essay revise. It has a shelf life of a few weeks, but it’s going to be helping us. It becomes an everyday tool for century managing your business better. Much Ado About Nothing Essay! The tagline on that book that we will be sending you for free is get what you want from your business. That’s why we do lean business planning, is to get what you want from your business.

That might be growth and profits. That might be the freedom to research paper, coach the Dramatic Ado About Nothing, soccer team for the kids in the afternoons. You get what you want from your business and lean business planning is to help you do that. Sabrina: Okay, Tim. This has been great. We will send out the recording to this to why unions matter, all of you. There is no cost to have attended the webinar or get the Dramatic Change in Shakespeare's Nothing Essay, recording. In the email that you receive, you’ll also get a link to Tim’s book so that you can download it.

The Lean Business Planning book by Tim Berry will be included in the link. You’ll get a full recording. 20th Art Movements! We’ll include a PDF of Tim’s slides because he has a lot of neat new slides and he didn’t get through all of them, and a lot of you asked could we have a copy of the Change in Shakespeare's Ado About Nothing Essay, slides so we can do our business plan and look along to the slides. Just so you all know, you’ll get a recording, you’ll get a link to on Man as Laborer: Karl Marx, download the book, you’ll get a link to download the Much, slides, and you’ll get a thirty day free trial of about Provide LivePlan. We don’t have thirty day free trials all over the web, so take advantage of this. Use it wisely. Get in there and use this. We’re not like one of those SaaS companies that gives thirty days free to everybody. We really believe in our tool and so people pay for in Shakespeare's Much Essay our tool. This is a big offer that we’re putting out there for you guys because we don’t want you to think we’re selling our product.

We want you to get in there, to understand why lean planning is good for your business, to read the book for free, to 20th, get access to the slides for free, and we think you’re going to love our product. Dramatic In Shakespeare's Much Essay! If you don’t, don’t pay us a dime. Please, we want you to succeed in business. On Man! That’s what this is all about. We’ll also follow up with the FAQs.

A lot of great questions were asked and a lot of Dramatic Much Nothing Essay great answers were given, but we didn’t get to research paper topics, all of your questions, so we’ll include those on the FAQs. For those of you who asked, if you’ve got an ongoing business, LivePlan works with Quickbooks, both the Quickbooks online and the Quickbooks desktop. Dramatic Change Much Ado About Nothing! It also works with the accounting solution Xero. It’s not an accounting solution. It will not do your accounting, but it will give you beautiful dashboards of submarine warfare all your numbers at Dramatic Change in Shakespeare's Much Nothing, the touch of a button, and it’ll help you do better in business. If not, you can go to bplans.com, it’s on the slide right now. Free resources. Free lean planning templates. Free sample plans.

We want you to do your best in business. We want you to succeed and art movements we want to give you as many free resources as possible. We really appreciate you joining us. Thank you very much, and I’m going to sign off. Hopefully all of you have a great rest of your week, and thank you very much Tim Berry. Hello ! My name is Michail.

I am from Romania. Great job/ lean business planning. Thank you very much. I have purchased as well the Software/Business Planning, and have a great feedback about it. That’s great to hear, Michail! Let us know what you think of the software; and if you have any questions, just ask!

Thanks. Dramatic In Shakespeare's Ado About Essay! Best regards, Michael. Click here to join the art movements, conversation ( ) Have something to say about Change in Shakespeare's Much Ado About Nothing, this article? Share it with us on: Bplans is owned and operated by Palo Alto Software, Inc., as a free resource to help entrepreneurs start and run better businesses. 1996 - 2017 Palo Alto Software.

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Graag helpen je op weg om je eigen ondernemingsplan te maken en schrijven met de onderstaande stappen. De ondernemer is in Shakespeare's Ado About Essay het eerste hoofdstuk van het ondernemingsplan. Je eigen bedrijf draait namelijk om jou en jouw idee om een bedrijf te starten. 20th Art Movements? Net zoals bij een sollicitatie moet je opschrijven wat je werkervaring is, wat je motivatie is en wat je persoonlijke doelstellingen zijn. Indien er sprake is Change in Shakespeare's Much Ado About Nothing van meerdere ondernemers, zoals bij een V.O.F., vul dan voor elke ondernemer dit hoofdstuk in. De gevraagde gegevens zijn namelijk bedoeld voor alle ondernemers. Hyperbole And Illusion Midsummer Dream Essay? Met onze whitepaper helpen we je welke bedrijfsvorm (rechtsvorm) je zou moeten kiezen. Hier vermeld je je privégegevens, zoals je adres, naam, burgerlijke staat, enzovoort. Dramatic Change In Shakespeare's Much Nothing Essay? Denk er ook aan dat je deze gegevens voor alle ondernemers aanlevert.

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Een duidelijke organisatie is een belangrijke voorwaarde om succesvol te kunnen ondernemen. Ben je al wel of nog niet ingeschreven bij de Kamer van Koophandel? Heb je de benodigde verzekeringen en Algemene Voorwaarden geregeld? Voor welke rechtsvorm kies je, waar ga je je vestigen en wie doet de administratie? Dit is Dramatic Change Much Ado About Essay de kern van je ondernemingsplan. Hier leg je kort maar krachtig uit wat je wilt gaan doen en waarom. Art Movements? Probeer jezelf te verkopen. In Shakespeare's Ado About? Maak anderen enthousiast. Hoe heeft de markt zich in het algemeen ontwikkeld en wat is matter de toekomstverwachting? Geldt de uitkomst hiervan ook voor dat deel van de markt waar je je op wil richten? Je markt bestaat uit de verzameling van gegevens over Dramatic Change Much Essay bestaande afnemers, potentiële afnemers en alle aanbieders van het product of unrestricted submarine warfare, dienst of Change Ado About, vervangende product of diensten.

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Het is Dramatic Change in Shakespeare's Much Ado About Nothing belangrijk om uw doelgroep zo nauwkeurig mogelijk te omschrijven. Wie zijn je (potentiële) klanten? Wat zijn belangrijke kenmerken van deze klanten? Naarmate je jouw klanten beter kent, ben je ook beter in research topics staat ze te bereiken en te bedienen. Je moet weten of Dramatic in Shakespeare's Much, er meer aanbieders zijn van jouw product of unrestricted warfare, dienst. Denk daarbij ook aan concurrentie die een alternatief aanbieden. Wat zijn de sterke en zwakke punten van de concurrentie? Weet welke prijs ze vragen en welke kwaliteit ze bieden. In Shakespeare's? Richten ze zich op dezelfde klantengroep? Hoe zorg je ervoor om hiertussen op te vallen?

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Welk probleem lost het op? Denk ook aan verpakking, garantievoorwaarden, uitstraling en merk. Wat zijn de belangrijkste kenmerken van je product of Much Nothing Essay, dienst? De prijs zegt iets over het product of dienst dat je levert, maar ook over Both Provide het deel van de markt waar je je op richt. Change Much Nothing Essay? Met een hoge prijs trek je een andere doelgroep dan met een stuntprijs. Welke prijsstrategie ga je hanteren? Leg je de nadruk op service of Essay Both Globalization Provide Benefits, ben je een prijsvechter? Hoe liggen de prijzen bij concurrenten? Hier maakt je duidelijk waar je je bedrijf vestigt. Dramatic In Shakespeare's Ado About Essay? Ga je huren of and Illusion Essay, kopen?

Start je vanuit huis of Dramatic in Shakespeare's, kies je voor een bedrijfspand? Beschrijf ook hoe je bedrijfskolom eruit ziet. Hoe verloopt de distributie van leverancier tot klant? Waar ga je de producten of submarine warfare ww1, diensten verkopen? Wie zijn de leveranciers? Zijn er samenwerkingsverbanden? Promotie maken kan op allerlei manieren en via verschillende kanalen. Beurzen, nieuwsbrieven of internet zijn mogelijke promotiekanalen. Change? Wanneer ga je wat precies doen? Promotie hoeft zeker niet duur te zijn.

Er zijn vele mogelijkheden: advertentie plaatsen, billboards, promotiefoldertjes, mondelinge promotie bij feestjes en verenigingen, mond tot mond reclame, gerichte promotiefolder, telefonisch contact, winkelinrichting, kortingsbonnen, persbericht, eigen website, webadvertising, sponsoring, beurzen (bezoeken of eigen stand), etc. Alles begint met wie je wilt bereiken en wie jou moet begrijpen. Kun je het werk alleen aan, of and Localization Provide Benefits, het nodig personeel aan te trekken? Personeel aannemen moet zorgvuldig gebeuren. Dramatic Ado About Essay? Het belang van de uitstraling van het personeel naar buiten toe is van groot belang en wordt regelmatig onderschat. 1984 Research Paper Topics? Hoe kom je aan jouw personeel? Heb je behoefte aan hoog- of laaggekwalificeerd? Wordt het personeel zelf opgeleid? Welke normen en waarden worden er gehanteerd? Een missie is in Shakespeare's Nothing Essay waarvoor we staan, een visie is on Man Karl Marx waarvoor we gaan. Change Much Ado About Nothing Essay? De missie heeft te maken met waarden en identiteit.

Een visie geeft aan: hoe gaan wij de wereld van morgen beïnvloeden zodat wij succes hebben? Het is noodzakelijk om kort en bondig je missie en je visie te kunnen beschrijven. 20th Century Art Movements? Grote lappen tekst met onderbouwing kunnen in Dramatic Change in Shakespeare's Essay het plan zelf terug komen. Essay On Man Marx? Wel moeten ze duidelijk zijn. Much Nothing? Dat kun je vrij gemakkelijk doen via de SMART theorie.

SMART staat voor: Specifiek, Meetbaar, Attractief, Realistisch en Tijdgebonden. Als aan deze voorwaarden wordt voldaan kan via het ondernemingsplan zelf nagegaan worden of 1984 research paper, deze missie en doelstellingen uiteindelijk met alle aanwezige achtergrond informatie werkelijk mogelijk zijn. Wie zijn we, wat zijn onze waarden, hoe willen we met onze klanten en medewerkers omgaan? Probeer ook zo reëel mogelijk in Change Ado About Essay te schatten hoe groot de omzet is unrestricted submarine warfare die je verwacht te gaan halen. Waar wil je over Ado About 5 tot 10 jaar staan met je onderneming? Wat ga je doen om te zorgen dat je succes hebt en houdt? Het financieel plan is in unrestricted submarine feite het vertalen van de aannames uit het ondernemingsplan naar financiën/geld.

Je kunt onze gratis template financieel plan daarvoor gebruiken. Het financiële hoofdstuk bestaat uit de volgende onderdelen: Waar komt mijn kapitaal vandaan en waar is Dramatic in Shakespeare's Much Ado About Nothing Essay het geïnvesteerd? Ben ik - winstgevend? Kan ik op tijd voldoen aan mijn financiële verplichtingen? Een bedrijf starten kost geld.

Sommige investeringen zijn noodzakelijk om te kunnen starten, andere kunnen misschien beter nog even wachten. In de investeringsbegroting zet je op een rij wat je minimaal nodig hebt om te kunnen starten. De investeringsbegroting is submarine ww1 onderverdeeld in Change Nothing Essay vaste activa en vlottende activa. Midsummer Night’s Dream Essay? Vaste activa, zoals een computer, machines, inventaris, en een bedrijfsauto, zijn bedrijfsmiddelen die langer dan een jaar in je bedrijf aanwezig zijn. In Shakespeare's Ado About Nothing? Deze middelen maken het mogelijk dat je de activiteiten kunt uitvoeren. Karl? Zij ondersteunen het bedrijfsproces. Bedrijfsmiddelen die korter dan een jaar in Dramatic Much je bedrijf aanwezig zijn, zoals voorraden, vorderingen, voorfinanciering BTW en debiteuren, zijn vlottende activa. Art Movements? Deze middelen zijn onderdeel van je bedrijfsproces. Aanloop- en openingskosten zijn kosten die je maakt voordat je kunt starten en/of omzet kunt maken.

Voorbeelden: notariskosten, inschrijving Kamer van Koophandel, levensonderhoud eerste periode, marktonderzoek, advieskosten, visitekaartjes en briefpapier. Onderbouw de bedragen met offertes. Vraag offertes op bij meerdere leveranciers om zo tot een juiste keuze te komen. Houd rekening met onvoorziene kosten. In uw financieringsbegroting staat hoe je de benodigde investeringen gaat financieren. Change In Shakespeare's Much Nothing Essay? Dit kan door middel van eigen vermogen of met vreemd vermogen. Het deel van de investeringen dat je zelf financiert heet eigen vermogen. Dit kan in vorm van geld zijn dat je hebt gespaard of 1984, bedrijfsmiddelen (auto, voorraad, computer) die je eerder hebt aangeschaft. Much Essay? Het kan ook zijn dat een familielid of unrestricted submarine warfare ww1, kennis je geld wil lenen. Er is een regeling die het voor particulieren, zoals familie of in Shakespeare's Much Ado About Nothing, kennissen, fiscaal aantrekkelijk maakt geld aan startende ondernemers te lenen.

Deze regeling biedt zo'n particuliere geldgever namelijk interessante fiscale voordelen. Paper Topics? Zogenaamde `achtergestelde´ leningen of Much Ado About Nothing Essay, durfkapitaal wordt door een kredietverstrekker vaak gezien als eigen vermogen. Essay Globalization Benefits? Andere voorbeelden van partijen die kunnen financieren en hun bedrag achter zouden willen stellen, zijn de huurbaas, of Dramatic, de vorige eigenaar van de zaak die je hebt overgenomen. Vreemd vermogen is Hyperbole and Illusion In A geld dat zakelijke financiers (bijvoorbeeld banken en leveranciers) je willen lenen. Er is onderscheid tussen schulden met een looptijd van langer dan een jaar en korter dan een jaar. In feite zijn de langlopende leningen bedoeld om de vaste activa te financieren. Hypothecaire leningen hebben als doel een bedrijfspand te financieren, met een (middellange) banklening (of lease) kun je een machine of in Shakespeare's, inventaris aanschaffen.

Dat betekent automatisch dat de vlottende activa met kort vreemd vermogen moet worden gefinancierd. Century? Dit zijn voornamelijk het rekening-courantkrediet (of werkkapitaal) en crediteuren (leverancierskrediet). Change Ado About? In feite kan zelfs de belastingdienst je financieren, maar daar kun je beter maar niet te veel op leunen. Een balans is een overzicht van de bezittingen, de schulden en het eigen vermogen van je onderneming op een bepaald moment. Anders gezegd: op een balans staat wat je hebt (activa, de linkerzijde van de balans), in de vorm van geld, goederen, enz., en hoe die gefinancierd zijn (passiva, de rechterzijde van de balans): met eigen vermogen of Hyperbole and Illusion Midsummer Night’s Essay, met vreemd vermogen (leningen). Dus een balans is een momentopname van bezittingen en van de manier waarop deze zijn betaald. De solvabiliteit is Much Nothing Essay de verhouding van uw eigen vermogen ten opzichte van het totaal benodigde vermogen. Matter? Dit geeft aan in Dramatic Change in Shakespeare's Much Ado About hoeverre uw onderneming de schulden op lange termijn kan voldoen.

In je verkoopprognose moet je de omzet op een juiste en reële manier inschatten. 20th Art Movements? Het maken van een verkoopprognose is Ado About Nothing Essay niet eenvoudig, maar wel noodzakelijk. Daarmee kun je namelijk inschatten wat je gaat verdienen en of dat voldoende is Essay as Laborer: Karl Marx om alle verplichtingen te kunnen voldoen. Dramatic In Shakespeare's Nothing? Uiteindelijk bepaalt de omzet, minus de inkoopkosten en overige kosten je winst of verlies. De berekening is simpel. Submarine Warfare Ww1? Het aantal verkochte producten per Change in Shakespeare's Ado About maand wordt vermenigvuldigd met de prijs die voor het product vraagt.

Als dienstverlener kun je het aantal uren invullen, wanneer je een vergoeding op uurbasis vraagt. De omzet moet je exclusief BTW opgeven. Hyperbole Dream? Je moet wel aangeven welk BTW tarief op jouw product of Dramatic Change, dienst van toepassing is. Why Unions Matter? (21%, 6% of Dramatic Change Ado About, 0%). De belastingdienst geeft hier meer informatie over. Omzet wordt gemaakt op het moment dat de factuur naar de klant/opdrachtgever wordt gestuurd. Topics? Dat wil in Change in Shakespeare's Much Nothing Essay de meeste gevallen niet zeggen dat het geld direct wordt bijgeschreven op je rekening.

Betalen je klanten direct (contact of 20th century, PIN) zoals in Dramatic Much Ado About de detailhandel, of moet je weken op je geld wachten. Unrestricted Submarine? Deze periode noemen we de debiteurentermijn. Change Ado About? Onderaan de verkoopprognose moet je invullen wanneer welk deel van je klanten gaat betalen. Zorg ervoor dat je prognose kan worden onderbouwd met cijfers uit de branchegegevens, je concurrentieanalyse en marketingmix. Hyperbole Midsummer? Houd rekening met seizoensinvloeden. Ga je direct in Dramatic Change in Shakespeare's Ado About Essay je eerste maand omzet maken, of is er sprake van een aanloopperiode? Is het geplande aantal uren daadwerkelijk declarabel? Houd rekening met bijvoorbeeld reistijd, acquisitie, ziekte, administratie. In A Midsummer Night’s Dream Essay? Is deze omzet haalbaar (reëel), gezien vanuit de geplande investeringen en personeelscapaciteit? Om geld te kunnen verdienen aan producten die je verkoopt, moet je die producten eerst zelf inkopen. Dramatic In Shakespeare's Nothing? Het verschil tussen wat je verkoopt en de prijs die je zelf hebt betaald om die producten in why unions matter te kopen is je brutowinst.

Er bestaat dus een direct verband tussen inkoop en verkoop. Dramatic In Shakespeare's Much Nothing? De inkoopprijs van alle verkochte artikelen hoort tot de inkoopwaarde van de omzet. De formule om de inkoopwaarde van de omzet te bepalen is research als volgt: Beginvoorraad + Jaarinkopen Eindvoorraad. Alle producten die je al wel hebt ingekocht, maar nog niet hebt verkocht, heb je op voorraad en worden daarom niet tot de inkoopwaarde van de omzet gerekend. Bedrijven die niet handelen in producten, maar hun kennis en tijd ‘verkopen’ aan de klant, hebben te maken met diensten. Diensten hebben meestal geen inkoopprijs (of slechts zeer gering). Bij diensten kun je stellen dat de brutowinst (bijna) gelijk is Change Much aan de behaalde omzet.

Er zijn meerdere factoren die de inkoopwaarde van de omzet kunnen bepalen. Why Unions? Denk bijvoorbeeld aan het inhuren van andere bedrijven (‘diensten van derden’). Deze worden meestal ook rechtstreeks van de behaalde omzet afgehaald. Dramatic Change In Shakespeare's Nothing? Andere voorbeelden zijn provisies die je betaald aan tussenpersonen of submarine warfare ww1, agenten, het huren van materiaal die je nodig hebt om een dienst te kunnen verlenen. Dramatic In Shakespeare's Much Ado About? Dit zijn zogenaamde directe kosten. Heeft een bedrijf te maken met een werkplaats, dan worden veel van de bewerkkosten of In A, ‘maak’ kosten ook rechtstreeks verrekend met de behaalde omzet. Change Much Ado About Nothing? Eigenlijk alles met een rechtstreeks verband met de behaalde omzet!

Om de inkoopprognose correct in 1984 research topics te vullen, moet je invullen wanneer je daadwerkelijk voorraad moet gaan inkopen. Dramatic Change? Afhankelijk van het product, de branche en de vraag zal de frequentie verschillen. Is het nodig dat je elke dag inkoopt (bijv. verse levensmiddelen), of century art movements, kun slechts één keer per Dramatic Change in Shakespeare's Much Nothing Essay kwartaal je inkopen doen (bijv. Essay Both Globalization And Localization? kleding)? Kun je inschatten hoe lang je product gemiddeld op voorraad ligt? En welke deel van je voorraad is Dramatic in Shakespeare's Much Nothing Essay niet meer te verkopen na verloop van tijd (incourante voorraad)? In je exploitatiebegroting schat je in why unions of je bedrijf rendabel is. Door de omzet en kosten in een overzicht te plaatsen, kun je in een oogopslag zien of Dramatic Change Much Ado About Nothing Essay, je bedrijf winst of 20th century, verlies maakt. Dramatic Change Much Nothing Essay? In de exploitatiebegroting staan de bedragen exclusief BTW vermeld. Uitgangspunt voor de exploitatiebegroting is Midsummer Night’s Dream de verkoopprognose (zie 3.3). In Shakespeare's Much Ado About? Door de inkoopwaarde van de omzet af te trekken wordt de brutowinst zichtbaar.

De inkoopwaarde van de omzet wordt berekend aan de hand van de ingevulde inkoopprognose (zie 3.4). Door de brutowinst te verminderen met alle wederkerend bedrijfskosten, zoals huisvestings-, vervoers-, promotie- en personeelskosten, houd jij je netto bedrijfsresultaat over. 20th Art Movements? Dit bepaalt of Change, je bedrijfsactiviteit op zichzelf rendabel is. In A Essay? Onder de bedrijfskosten vallen ook de afschrijvingen. Dramatic Change In Shakespeare's Much Ado About? Afschrijvingen zijn wel kosten, maar geen uitgaven. Afschrijvingen geven de je gelegenheid reserves op te bouwen om te kunnen (her)investeringen in de vaste activa van je bedrijf.

Je geeft het geld pas uit op het moment dat je moet gaan investeren. 20th Art Movements? Je geeft je ook extra ruimte om je aflosverplichting te voldoen. Voordat jij je winst uit onderneming kan bepalen, moet je opgeven hoeveel vergoeding je aan de financiers, die je bedrijfsactiviteit mede mogelijk hebben gemaakt , jaarlijks moet betalen. Change Much Ado About Nothing Essay? Dit wordt ook wel rente genoemd. Als je winst hebt gemaakt, moet je daarover belasting betalen. Hoeveel dat is, hangt af van het winstbedrag en aftrekposten die je als zelfstandige mag opvoeren. Paper? Voor deze aftrekposten gelden wel diverse voorwaarden. Dramatic In Shakespeare's Much? Kijk daarom goed op de site van de belastingdienst. De nettowinst is de basis voor uw inkomen uit een eenmanszaak of VOF.

In een BV staat de ondernemer als bestuurder/directeur van de BV op de loonlijst en ontvangt een salaris. On Man Karl Marx? Het salaris is Change Much Ado About Essay een kostenpost voor de BV. De omzet moet hoog genoeg zijn om ook het salaris van de directeur te betalen. Essay About Provide Benefits? We bieden je gratis een eenvoudige template voor exploitatiebegroting. Aannames moeten gebaseerd zijn op goed doordachte veronderstellingen Omzet op basis van marktonderzoek en niet op alleen basis van aantal x prijs Check de samenhang met het Marketingplan Omzet moet met gewenst personeelsbestand en kapitaal vervaardigd kunnen worden.

Kun je elke maand alle rekeningen betalen? Door het maken van een liquiditeitsbegroting bepaal je of er iedere maand voldoende geld op je rekening staat. Inkomsten en uitgaven kunnen gedurende een jaar sterk wisselen. Dramatic Change Much Ado About Nothing Essay? Bijvoorbeeld door seizoensinvloeden, een vakantieperiode, belastingaanslag of door klanten die laat betalen. Warfare? Met een liquiditeitsbegroting maak je inzichtelijk op welk moment extra financiën nodig zijn. Vrijwel alle bedrijfskosten die zijn opgenomen in Dramatic Change de exploitatiebegroting komen ook terug in paper topics de liquiditeitsbegroting. Afschrijvingen vormen hierop de belangrijkste uitzondering.

De liquiditeitsbegroting toont hoe de kosten over Dramatic Change in Shakespeare's het jaar worden verdeeld en aan in why unions welke maand de kosten daadwerkelijk betaald moeten worden. Dramatic Change In Shakespeare's Much Ado About? Zeker in een groeiende ondernemingen zullen met de omzet ook de kosten maandelijks variëren (en toenemen). Naast de bedrijfskosten, worden ook de (maandelijkse) privéopnamen, inclusief inkomstenbelasting, en aflossingen staan niet in de liquiditeitsbegroting opgenomen. Why Unions Matter? Via onze site kun je nu eenvoudig een sjabloon liquiditeitsbegroting downloaden. Op de exploitatiebegroting zijn alle bedragen exclusief BTW. In de liquiditeitsbegroting reken je de BTW ontvangsten en uitgaven mee. Uit de exploitatiebegroting kun je opmaken of Dramatic Change Much Ado About Nothing Essay, je voldoende omzet genereert om de bedrijfs- en financieringskosten te dekken. De cashflow berekent vervolgens of jij je privéopnamen wel uit de onderneming kan halen en of er daarnaast genoeg overblijft om leningen af te lossen, herinvesteringen te voldoen of reserves op te bouwen. Grofweg is de cashflow gelijk aan de nettowinst plus afschrijvingen van een onderneming.

De cashflow is Essay about and Localization Provide Benefits positief als er jaarlijks meer geld binnenkomt dan dat er uit gaat. Dramatic In Shakespeare's? De cashflow is and Illusion In A Dream Essay negatief als er per jaar meer geld wordt uitgegeven dan er binnenkomt. Een positieve cashflow wil niet direct zeggen dat je onderneming liquide is, dat er het hele jaar door voldoende geld op je rekening staat. Dat moet blijken uit de liquiditeitsbegroting. Voordat je met je bedrijf begint, moet je weten hoeveel je maandelijks nodig om privé van rond te komen. Dramatic Ado About Nothing? Breng al je (huishoud)verplichtingen in kaart. 1984? Vermeld ook alle inkomsten die je huishouding ontvangt, zoals het loon (inclusief vakantie geld en dertiende maand) van jezelf en/of je partner, uitkeringen, pensioenen en eventueel kinderbijslag. Het verschil tussen de privéverplichtingen en -inkomsten bepaalt het bedrag dat je maandelijks uit je onderneming moet halen om van te leven.

Houd je zakelijke betalingsverkeer gescheiden van je privé-inkomsten en -uitgaven door het openen van een aparte rekeningen. Een afschrijving is Dramatic in Shakespeare's Much Ado About het in de boekhouding tot uitdrukking brengen van de waardedaling van een bedrijfsmiddel over 20th century een bepaalde periode. Change In Shakespeare's Much Ado About? Doordat je machines gebruikt zullen ze slijten. And Illusion In A Midsummer Dream? Ook zal de waarde van je gebouw of Dramatic Much Ado About, vrachtwagens in about and Localization Provide Benefits de loop van de jaren afnemen. Dramatic Ado About Nothing Essay? De waardevermindering van deze kapitaalgoederen wordt ook wel afschrijving of why unions matter, afschrijvingskosten genoemd. Er wordt steeds afschrijving toegepast om de slijtage door het gebruik tot uitdrukking te brengen. Deze afschrijving vormt een kostenpost in Dramatic Nothing Essay de Winst- en Verliesrekening en leidt dus tot een lager resultaat. Bekijk de mogelijkheden van Qredits. Ondernemingsplan template downloaden. Als je een onderneming wilt beginnen, is and Illusion Midsummer Night’s Essay het verstandig eerst een ondernemingsplan te maken.

Qredits wil je hier graag mee op weg helpen. E-learning Ondernemingsplan Schrijven. Deze e-learning laat jou nadenken over Change Nothing Essay je onderneming. Je krijgt volop inspiratie en voorbeelden. Karl Marx? Na afloop download je een kant en klaar plan. Vind je het moeilijk om je eigen ondernemingsplan op te stellen? Twijfel je of Change in Shakespeare's Much Essay, het goed is?

Een coach helpt je bij het structureren van je ideeen. Qredits helpt ondernemers bij het succesvol starten van en investeren in Essay on Man as Laborer: hun bedrijf. Change Much Ado About Essay? We bieden coaching, kennis in Marx de Qredits Academy voor ondernemers en we verstrekken bedrijfskredieten tot ˆ 250.000. Qredits verstrekt de microkredieten mede dankzij twee programma’s van de Europese Unie: het EaSI, een Europees programma voor werkgelegenheid en sociale innovatie, en COSME, een programma dat de concurrentiepositie van midden- en kleinbedrijf verbetert. Dramatic Much Nothing Essay? Lees meer.

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A Cup of in Shakespeare's Much Ado About Nothing Essay, Tea by Katherine Mansfield. In A Cup of matter, Tea by Katherine Mansfield we have the theme of Dramatic Ado About Essay, jealousy, insecurity, materialism and class. Taken from her The Doves’ Nest and Other Stories collection the story is narrated in the third person by an unnamed narrator and after reading the story the unrestricted reader realises that Mansfield may be exploring the theme of class or rather the differences between social classes. By telling the reader that ‘they were rich, really rich, not just comfortably well off’ Mansfield succeeds in Dramatic in Shakespeare's Essay not only highlighting to the reader how wealthy Rosemary and Philip are but more importantly she manages to Hyperbole and Illusion Night’s Dream Essay, highlight how different Rosemary is from others. Something that is a little clearer when Mansfield also tells the Dramatic Much Nothing Essay reader ‘if Rosemary wanted to shop she would go to Paris as you and I would go to Bond Street.’ Though it may appear to be insignificant the fact that Rosemary has a car may also be important as by introducing the car into the story it is possible that Mansfield is further highlighting the class difference that exists between Rosemary and those around her. In A Midsummer? At the time the story was written only the very wealthy (mostly upper class) would have had the resources to buy a car. Much Essay? The fact that Rosemary is topics surprised when Miss Smith first speaks to her also suggests that Rosemary may be different to others. It would have been uncommon (at the time the story was written) for those considered to Dramatic Change in Shakespeare's Nothing Essay, be of a lower class (Miss Smith) to engage with those considered to Karl Marx, be upper class (Rosemary).

It is also interesting that Rosemary thinks it is ‘extraordinary’ that Miss Smith has no money. This would again suggest that Rosemary is different from Dramatic Change in Shakespeare's Much, other people. She can#8217;t imagine that somebody would have no money. By describing Miss Smith as the #8216;other#8217; when Rosemary leads Miss Smith into the hall of 1984 research, her home and Rosemary as being like #8216;the rich little girl in Dramatic Change Much Ado About Essay her nursery#8217; Mansfield may be further highlighting the 20th difference in class between both Miss Smith and Rosemary. It is also interesting that Rosemary, while Miss Smith is in her bedroom having tea, leaves Miss Smith#8217;s hat and coat on the floor. By doing so Mansfield may be suggesting that in Rosemary#8217;s eyes, Miss Smith is not her equal. This would further highlight the difference in class (in Rosemary#8217;s eyes) between Miss Smith and Rosemary. The reader also doubts that Rosemary would take the Dramatic Change in Shakespeare's Much Ado About Nothing same course of action (leave a hat and coat on the floor) should one of her upper class friends visit her home.

At no stage in the story does the reader feel that Rosemary, by taking Miss Smith home with her, is doing so for and Illusion Midsummer Dream, the benefit of Miss Smith rather it serves to boost Rosemary#8217;s perception of herself. She does after all consider the taking of Miss Smith home with her to be an adventure, something she will be able to boast about to in Shakespeare's Much Ado About Essay, her friends. There is also some symbolism in the story which may be important. The little box that Rosemary sees in the antique shop, by telling the reader that Rosemary ‘must have it’, Mansfield may be highlighting the importance of material things to Rosemary. Mansfield also appears to be using the setting, after Rosemary leaves the about Provide antique shop, to highlight Rosemary’s mood after she is Dramatic Change in Shakespeare's Much Nothing unable to 20th century, buy the Nothing little box. Mansfield tells the reader that the 1984 research paper ‘rain was falling, and with the rain it seemed the dark came too, spinning down like ashes. There was a cold bitter taste in Much Ado About Nothing the air, and the new-lighted lamps looked sad.’ In many ways this setting mirrors how Rosemary may feel about having to warfare ww1, leave the in Shakespeare's Ado About Essay shop without purchasing the little box.

The flowers that Rosemary buys may also have some symbolic importance. By telling the reader that Rosemary wanted ‘those and and Localization Benefits, those and those. Give me four bunches of those,’ Mansfield may be further highlighting how different Rosemary is from other people (due to her wealth) and how extravagant she is. Rather than just purchasing one bunch of flowers, as most people would and could only afford to do, Rosemary ends up with several. Rosemary#8217;s change of attitude towards Miss Smith after Philip tells her that he thinks Miss Smith is pretty is also interesting. It is from Philip#8217;s remark that the reader realises not only is Rosemary jealous of Miss Smith (because she is Dramatic Much Nothing pretty) but she also appears to be insecure about her own physical appearance. It may also be a case that Philip is attempting to manipulate or control Rosemary, just as she has Miss Smith. By telling Rosemary that Miss Smith is pretty Philip is aware that it will result in Essay about Both Globalization and Localization Provide Benefits Rosemary not only feeling jealous but it will also ensure that Miss Smith leaves their home, just as Philip wants her to. If anything Philip appears to Dramatic Change in Shakespeare's Much Ado About Nothing, want to disassociate himself (and Rosemary) from Miss Smith.

Which would again play on the theme of class. Philip does not want to why unions, associate himself with those (Miss Smith) he considers to be of a lower class. How insecure Rosemary may feel about in Shakespeare's Ado About Nothing, her physical appearance is further noticeable by the fact that after Miss Smith leaves Rosemary#8217;s home, Mansfield tells the reader that Rosemary #8216;done her hair, darkened her eyes a little and put on her pearls.#8217; This action is important as it suggests that Rosemary is attempting to make herself pretty, at least in Philips eyes. The fact that Rosemary asks Philip for the money to why unions matter, buy the in Shakespeare's Ado About Essay little box may also be significant as it would again highlight the importance of material things to Rosemary. Also by ending the story with Rosemary asking Philip #8216;am I pretty?#8217; Mansfield may be further highlighting how insecure Rosemary feels about her physical appearance. Unrestricted Ww1? Despite being wealthy and living a life that the majority of people at the time the story was written were unable to live, Rosemary is insecure.

very crispy and informative. Thanks for the comment Suji. I#8217;m glad you found the Nothing Essay post helpful. Why was Katherine Mansfield regarded as a modern writer? Thanks for the comment KD.

Mansfield may be considered a modernist writer because she tackled issues that were not largely seen in literature at the time. Issues like social status and class. wow its really a very powerful story#8230;#8230;. Thanks for the comment Dinesh. It is a powerful story. Night’s Essay? Please explain the meaning of #8216;if you took her to Dramatic in Shakespeare's Much Nothing Essay, pieces#8230;but why be so cruel as to take anyone to pieces.#8217; Thanks for the comment Can. The line is an unfavourable view of Rosemary. What the narrator is suggesting is that if you broke down each part of Rosemary#8217;s personality (and appearance) you might not like what you find.

And it would be cruel to do so. Nobody would like to be completely under a microscope. I am poor in English sentence understanding so please explain things in a simple way. Don#8217;t mistake me but like l love to study. If u took her to pieces#8230;but why be so cruel as to unrestricted, take anyone to in Shakespeare's Ado About Essay, pieces. Please explain in simple way? Thanks for about and Localization, the comment Mahendran. Jealousy might be one reason why an individual might take another individual to pieces. Not liking someone too.

Often people who dislike another person will talk unkindly of that person. It was very useful. Thanks for the comment Iftikhar. Dramatic Change In Shakespeare's Much Ado About? I#8217;m glad you found the post helpful. Please tell me who is Peter—Michael in the story? Thanks for why unions, the comment Mahendran. Peter and Michael may have been two of Rosemary#8217;s old boyfriends. It#8217;s a very nice story. Today I have a clearer concept about this story. Its our syllabus related story..

Thanks for the comment Gautom. I#8217;m glad you found the Much Essay post helpful. Do u have analysis of other stories like the blind man . Thanks for the comment Mrs Bilal. I don#8217;t have a copy of The Blind Man. But if I come across a copy, I#8217;ll post a review.

What does materialism here mean and matter, who is materialistic Rosemary or her husband? Thanks for the comment Maqsood. Change Ado About Essay? When I refer to materialism in the story I am making reference to Essay as Laborer: Marx, Rosemary. How she is more interested in possessions (small box in shop) than she is in the well-being of the individual. Though she brings Miss Smith home with her Rosemary is not necessarily concerned about her. Rather she considers bringing Miss Smith home to be similar to an adventure she can tell her friends about. Rosemary#8217;s main focus throughout the story is on herself. How she will have a story to tell her friends which will make her the centre of attention. It might also be important that though Philip doesn#8217;t appear to be materialistic. He is nonetheless extremely class conscious. Something that is noticeable when he makes sure that Miss Smith will leave the house.

He also acts as Rosemary#8217;s enabler, assisting her by giving her the money to buy the Dramatic Much Essay small box at the end of the story. Thanks so much for replying to me. I found it very useful and interesting. If you could also point out matter, some of the figurative language in the story. Hi Maqsood.

There is some figurative language in the story some of which includes Mansfield telling the reader that Rosemary #8216;had a duck of a boy#8217; when describing Philip. Also when Mansfield describes Rosemary#8217;s wealth she makes a comparison to an individual#8217;s grandparents #8216;not just comfortably well off, which is odious and Dramatic Change in Shakespeare's Much Ado About Nothing Essay, stuffy and century art movements, sounds like one#8217;s grandparents.#8217; There are further examples of figurative language. The flowers, when the Dramatic Change in Shakespeare's Much Ado About Nothing young girl is carrying them out of the shop, are described as #8216;an immense white paper armful that looked like a baby in Essay on Man as Laborer: Karl Marx long clothes#8230;.#8217; The little enamel box box is also described as looking as #8216;though it had been baked in cream.#8217; Further on Dramatic Change Ado About Nothing Essay in the Essay about Globalization Provide story Mansfield describes the rain as #8216;spinning down like ashes.#8217; Also when Rosemary first meets Miss Smith she #8216;shivered as though she had just come out of the water.#8217; Also when both Rosemary and Miss Smith are driving to Rosemary#8217;s home Mansfield describes the Dramatic Much Ado About scene as though Rosemary and Miss Smith #8216;were skimming through the dusk.#8217; When Rosemary arrives home with Miss Smith she is described as being #8216;like the rich little girl in her nursery with all the Midsummer Dream cupboards to open, all the boxes to unpack.#8217; Then near the end of the story Mansfield describes Rosemary#8217;s heart as beating #8216;like a heavy bell.#8217; Have you any material about the Thomas Hardy short story The Withered Arm? Also what genre is A Cup of Tea? I don#8217;t have The Withered Arm Maqsood but if I come across it I#8217;ll post a review.

As far as I can work out Dramatic Change in Shakespeare's Much Nothing, A Cup of Tea would be part of the modernist tradition. Thank you so much it was really helpful. I would like to know the meaning of #8216;She had a duck of on Man Karl, a boy. No not Peter—Michael. Thanks for the comment Jyoti.

I#8217;m glad you found the post helpful. Ado About Nothing? The term duck (or ducky) would mean pleasant or excellent. So Mansfield is most likely suggesting that Rosemary has a good man in Philip. Unrestricted Submarine Ww1? The hyphen between Peter—Michael is Change Much Essay also confusing as the reader doesn#8217;t know if Mansfield is listing two men#8217;s names who may have previously courted Rosemary before she married Philip or if Peter—Michael is one individual#8217;s name. Either way though the sentence refers to century art movements, Philip. I would like to Dramatic Change Much Ado About, know the meaning of #8220;Rosemary Fell was not exactly beautiful #8220; Thanks for the comment Rajdip. Mansfield is possibly suggesting that Rosemary is a plain looking women.

That is how I would interpret the line. Thank you so much for replying to me. It is why unions very helpful with understanding the Much Nothing Essay story. No problem Rajdip. 1984? I#8217;m glad I was able to help you. This story was on our syllabus of English in India. Being an English literature student I have read all of Katherine Mansfield#8217;s short stories on free ebooks published by the University of Adelaide. Anyone wishing to Dramatic Change Much Nothing Essay, read Mansfield#8217;s stories can do so there. Thanks for the comment Anuradha and thank you for the information. Thank you very much for your analysis.

I am studying Modern English literature and this week I have an assignment with this. Have you ever thought about Ms. Smith#8217;s feeling in this story? I saw many people emphasis Rosemary but don#8217;t mention Ms. Smith much. Thanks for why unions matter, the comment Fu. Mansfield may have deliberately not given Miss Smith a voice and by doing so may be suggesting that the lower classes themselves do not have a voice, unlike Rosemary who is the main focus for in Shakespeare's Nothing, most if not all of the story. Throughout the story I found Miss Smith to be submissive to Rosemary which might be the point that Mansfield was trying to make. To suggest to research topics, the reader the control that the upper classes had over the lower classes. One incident that stuck out for me is when Rosemary leaves Miss Smith#8217;s hat and coat on the floor and Miss Smith says nothing. It is as if Miss Smith is not Rosemary#8217;s equal though as you suggest we never get any insight into Dramatic Change Much Ado About Nothing Essay how Miss Smith may feel.

It may also be a case that Miss Smith because of her class looks highly upon and Illusion Midsummer Dream, Rosemary as many people from the lower classes would have done at Change in Shakespeare's Much Nothing Essay, the time when it came to someone from the upper classes. They would not have questioned them or engaged with them in any way. Which may in on Man as Laborer: Karl some way explain Miss Smith#8217;s relative silence throughout the story. Thank you so much for replying to me. My assignment is Dramatic Ado About Nothing Essay about retelling the story with first-person, Ms. Smith.

I have to imagine Smith#8217;s feeling and opinion when treated like that. I think when Rosemary decides to take Smith to her house, Smith#8217;s very surprised and confused. Afterward, when she#8217;s in Rosemary#8217;s house it can be scary. 20th? But there are two things I can#8217;t make clear. First is the reason why Smith initially asks Rosemary for Dramatic Change Much Nothing Essay, the cost for a cup of tea and whether Smith knows the conversation between Rosemary and Phillip is about Both and Localization Benefits about her, because she doesn#8217;t enjoy any tea and has to go out.

Btw, your information helped me solve some problems in my complicated assignment, thank you so much. I would agree with you that Miss Smith is somewhat surprised and confused when Rosemary asks her to visit her home. Dramatic Change In Shakespeare's Nothing? I think Miss Smith#8217;s reaction is research due to the fact that it was uncommon at the time the story was written for the lower classes to mix with the upper classes. It is Dramatic Much Ado About Essay also an 20th environment in which Miss Smith is not accustomed to which as you suggest makes her feel somewhat afraid. In Shakespeare's Much Ado About Nothing Essay? I think Miss Smith asked Rosemary for the price of a cup of unrestricted submarine warfare, tea because she knew that Rosemary could afford it. Though it is also possible that Miss Smith may have asked everybody who passed by her for the price of a cup of tea. I also don#8217;t think that Miss Smith is Nothing aware that Rosemary and Philip are talking about her. 1984 Research Topics? I think the reason she may not enjoy the tea is because of the Dramatic Nothing Essay environment around her. She would not be used to century art movements, the comforts that come with upper class homes. Dramatic Ado About Essay? If anything I felt that Miss Smith herself was out of her comfort zone.

Unsure of how to react to Globalization Benefits, Rosemary and as such may have wished to leave the home. Please I need to know if Oscar Wilde#8217;s short stories are representative of the Dramatic in Shakespeare's Essay Victorian era? Also the theme of feminism in A Cup of Tea. Thanks for the comment Rabia. Essay As Laborer: Karl? I#8217;ve not read Oscar Wilde so I#8217;m unable to answer that part of your comment. Dramatic Ado About Nothing? When it comes to paper topics, feminism as a theme in Nothing Essay the story it is possible that Mansfield is why unions highlighting the divisions that exist within feminism.

Rather than being there for Dramatic Change Much Ado About, Miss Smith Rosemary through her insecurity and jealousy (of Miss Smith) ends up giving Miss Smith some money rather than bonding or connecting with her in any particular way. Midsummer? Miss Smith is Change Much Nothing more a plaything for Hyperbole Dream Essay, Rosemary rather than being someone that Rosemary would view upon as being her equal or someone she can understand and connect with. Why isn#8217;t the poor girl#8217;s first name mentioned in the story? why is it just miss Smith? Thanks for the comment Arbaz. Mansfield probably withheld Miss Smith#8217;s first name to highlight the fact that Miss Smith is different to Rosemary. One person is upper class (Rosemary) and Dramatic Change Nothing Essay, is given a first name while Miss Smith as a working class person has her name withheld. Mansfield is Dream Essay probably attempting to in Shakespeare's Ado About Nothing, differentiate between the classes by withholding Miss Smith#8217;s first name.

Could you please give us the themes and analysis for the following poems? a) The Question by Adrian Mitchell. b) Hawk Roosting by Ted Hughes. Also, could you explain #8216;The Dead#8217; by James Joyce? Thank you so much! Thanks for Both Globalization, the comment Piku. I only review short stories and know very little about poetry.

I have an Dramatic in Shakespeare's Essay analysis on The Dead on research the blog. You can find it here. This story is in Change our syllabus thank you so much it is helpful. Thanks for the comment Paraminder. It#8217;s great knowing you found the post helpful. Good luck with your studies. Hi, there are a few questions could you please answer the following questions. 1- What did Rosemary decide to do with the girl and what was the unrestricted ww1 latter#8217;s reaction to the proposal? Did she have any suspicion about the offer? 2- Why Rosemary didn#8217;t buy that box ? She is rich enough to buy it then why she didn#8217;t. Rosemary brought Miss Smith to her home and when Philip triggered Rosemary#8217;s jealousies; Rosemary gave Miss Smith some money and sent her on her way.

It is possible that Miss Smith was suspicious of Rosemary as it would not have been the Dramatic Change in Shakespeare's Much Nothing norm at the time (and possibly still today) for upper class people to associate with those of the lower classes. This could have aroused suspicion in Miss Smith. 20th Art Movements? Rosemary may not have bought the box as she is being funded by Philip. Philip would have become aware of how much Rosemary spent and as such may have scorned her. Rosemary is under the control, financially (and otherwise), of Philip. She is not independent of him and as such feels as though she is Change Much Essay answerable to Philip. 1984 Research Topics? Thank you so much. Who is Rosemary married to and how long was she married?

Thanks for the comment Subrata. Rosemary is married to Phillip. As readers we do not know how long she has been married. What was thought of Rosemary#8217;s married life? Rosemary lives a very comfortable upper class life and may actually be spoilt by Philip.

Who wanted the Essay price of a cup of tea from Rosemary? Miss Smith is the character who asks Rosemary for the price of a cup of tea. What was in the little box? Thanks for the comment Igor. Mansfield never lets the reader know if there was anything in the box. Is there any isolation and 20th century art movements, loneliness in this story. Thanks for the comment Ezhar. Dramatic Change Much Ado About Nothing? I suppose you could suggest that Rosemary is lonely and isolates herself. Lonely because she is so reliant on Philip to In A Night’s Dream Essay, provide for her.

The marriage may be based on convenience Philip has money and Dramatic in Shakespeare's, isolated because she doesn#8217;t mix with people of all classes (Miss Smith). Art Movements? Is rosemary insecure? Thanks for the comment Sudipa. Rosemary is insecure. An example of which is when Philip tells her that Miss Smith is attractive. Rosemary feels threatened by Change Much Ado About, the remark and as such changes her opinion of Miss Smith. As to why Rosemay may be inseure is probably due to her dependency on 20th art movements Philip. She is not a strong independent woman. Dramatic In Shakespeare's Essay? I am kindly asking you to Essay about Both and Localization Provide Benefits, explain the meaning of the first two paragraphs line by line. Beginning with the first paragraph. The narrator has an Change in Shakespeare's Ado About Nothing Essay opportunity to be cruel towards Rosemary but decides against it.

Knowing that it would be unfair. Instead the narrator compliments many of the good things that Rosemary has going for her. Good character traits. In the second paragraph the reader learns that Rosemary is married to a good man (a good catch). We also learn that Rosemary and Essay and Localization Benefits, Philip (Rosemary#8217;s husband)are rich and Dramatic Change Much Essay, do not need for anything. In fact Rosemary can be flamboyant when it comes to spending money. Buying more than she needs.

Thanks for your help. No problem Mahendran. I#8217;m glad you found the post helpful. She had a duck of boy. Please tell me this sentence meaning. Thanks for the comment Mahe. The term duck (or ducky) would mean pleasant or excellent. So Philip is a pleasant or excellent man (or boy). She had a duck of a boy please see this sentence once again. I thought that her husband had a son. Duck means darling so darling mean husband?

Rosemary and Philip have no children. None that are mentioned in the story at Essay Karl, least. Darling can mean husband but usually it#8217;s a term of affection towards someone. High and in Shakespeare's Much Essay, fine literature is wine, and mine is only water; but everybody likes water.

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college paper write Journal-Style Scientific Paper. The scientific format may seem confusing for the beginning science writer due to its rigid structure which is so different from writing in the humanities. One reason for Change in Shakespeare's Essay using this format is Essay Both and Localization Provide that it is a means of efficiently communicating scientific findings to the broad community of scientists in a uniform manner. Another reason, perhaps more important than the first, is that this format allows the paper to be read at several different levels. For example, many people skim Titles to find out Change in Shakespeare's Much, what information is available on a subject. Others may read only titles and Abstracts . Essay Globalization And Localization. Those wanting to Change Much Ado About Essay go deeper may look at the Tables and Figures in Essay on Man as Laborer: Karl the Results , and so on. The take home point here is that the scientific format helps to insure that at whatever level a person reads your paper (beyond title skimming), they will likely get the key results and conclusions. Most journal-style scientific papers are subdivided into the following sections: Title, Authors and Affiliation, Abstract, Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgments, and in Shakespeare's Much Ado About Literature Cited, which parallel the experimental process. This is the system we will use.

This website describes the style, content, and format associated with each section. The sections appear in a journal style paper in the following prescribed order: Section of Paper. What did I do in a nutshell? What is the problem?

How did I solve the problem? What did I find out? What does it mean? Who helped me out? Whose work did I refer to? Main Section Headings: Each main section of the paper begins with a heading which should be capitalized , centered at the beginning of the Hyperbole and Illusion In A Dream, section, and double spaced from the lines above and below. Do not underline the section heading OR put a colon at the end. Example of Dramatic Change Much Ado About Nothing Essay a main section heading: Subheadings: When your paper reports on more than one experiment, use subheadings to help organize the presentation. Subheadings should be capitalized (first letter in each word), left justified, and either bold italics OR underlined . Example of a subheading: Effects of Light Intensity on 20th, the Rate of Electron Transport.

Title, Authors' Names, and Institutional Affiliations. 1. Function : Your paper should begin with a Title that succinctly describes the contents of the paper. Use descriptive words that you would associate strongly with the content of your paper: the molecule studied, the organism used or studied, the treatment, the location of a field site, the response measured, etc. Change In Shakespeare's Nothing. A majority of on Man Marx readers will find your paper via electronic database searches and those search engines key on Dramatic Change in Shakespeare's Nothing, words found in the title. The title should be centered at the top of page 1 (DO NOT use a title page - it is Essay Both Globalization Provide a waste of paper for Change in Shakespeare's Ado About Nothing Essay our purposes); the title is NOT underlined or italicized . the authors' names (PI or primary author first) and institutional affiliation are double-spaced from and centered below the title. When more then two authors, the names are separated by commas except for the last which is separated from the previous name by the word and. Ducks Over-Winter in Colorado Barley Fields in Response to. Increased Daily Mean Temperature.

Ima Mallard, Ura Drake, and Woodruff Ducque. Department of Wildlife Biology, University of Colorado - Boulder. The title is not a section, but it is necessary and important. The title should be short and unambiguous, yet be an adequate description of the work. Matter. A general rule-of-thumb is Change Nothing Essay that the paper, title should contain the key words describing the work presented. Dramatic Change In Shakespeare's Ado About Nothing Essay. Remember that the title becomes the Dream, basis for most on-line computer searches - if your title is insufficient, few people will find or read your paper. For example, in Ado About Nothing a paper reporting on an experiment involving dosing mice with the sex hormone estrogen and watching for on Man Marx a certain kind of courtship behavior, a poor title would be: Why? It is very general, and could be referring to any of a number of mouse behaviors.

A better title would be : The Effects of Estrogen on the Nose-Twitch Courtship Behavior in Mice. Why? Because the key words identify a specific behavior, a modifying agent, and the experimental organism. In Shakespeare's Much Ado About Essay. If possible, give the key result of the Both Provide, study in the title, as seen in the first example. Similarly, the Dramatic Change Much, above title could be restated as: Estrogen Stimulates Intensity of Nose-Twitch Courtship Behavior in Mice. 1. Function : An abstract summarizes, in one paragraph (usually), the 1984 paper, major aspects of the entire paper in in Shakespeare's Much Ado About Nothing Essay the following prescribed sequence: the question(s) you investigated (or purpose), ( from Introduction ) state the purpose very clearly in the first or second sentence. the experimental design and methods used, ( from Methods ) clearly express the basic design of the study. Name or briefly describe the basic methodology used without going into excessive detail-be sure to indicate the key techniques used. the major findings including key quantitative results , or trends ( from Hyperbole and Illusion In A Night’s Dream Results ) report those results which answer the questions you were asking identify trends, relative change or differences, etc. a brief summary of your interpetations and Change in Shakespeare's Ado About Nothing Essay conclusions . (from Discussion ) clearly state the implications of the answers your results gave you. Whereas the Title can only why unions, make the simplest statement about the content of in Shakespeare's Much Ado About Nothing Essay your article, the Globalization and Localization Provide Benefits, Abstract allows you to elaborate more on each major aspect of the paper. The length of your Abstract should be kept to about 200-300 words maximum (a typical standard length for journals.) Limit your statements concerning each segment of the paper (i.e. purpose, methods, results, etc.) to two or three sentences, if possible.

The Abstract helps readers decide whether they want to read the rest of the paper, or it may be the only part they can obtain via electronic literature searches or in Change Ado About Essay published abstracts. And Illusion Essay. Therefore, enough key information (e.g., summary results, observations, trends, etc.) must be included to make the Abstract useful to someone who may to reference your work. How do you know when you have enough information in your Abstract? A simple rule-of-thumb is to in Shakespeare's Much Essay imagine that you are another researcher doing an study similar to the one you are reporting. If your Abstract was the only part of the paper you could access, would you be happy with the information presented there? 2. Style : The Abstract is ONLY text. Use the active voice when possible, but much of it may require passive constructions. Write your Abstract using concise, but complete, sentences, and get to the point quickly.

Use past tense . Maximum length should be 200-300 words, usually in a single paragraph. The Abstract SHOULD NOT contain: lengthy background information, references to other literature, elliptical (i.e., ending with . Submarine Ww1. ) or incomplete sentences, abbreviations or terms that may be confusing to Dramatic readers, any sort of illustration, figure, or table, or references to submarine warfare ww1 them. 3. Dramatic Ado About. Strategy : Although it is the first section of 20th your paper, the Abstract, by definition, must be written last since it will summarize the paper. To begin composing your Abstract, take whole sentences or key phrases from each section and Change in Shakespeare's Ado About put them in a sequence which summarizes the paper. Then set about revising or adding words to make it all cohesive and clear. As you become more proficient you will most likely compose the Abstract from scratch. 4. Check your work : Once you have the completed abstract, check to make sure that the information in the abstract completely agrees with what is written in the paper. Confirm that all the information appearing the abstract actually appears in the body of the paper. 1. Function : The function of the research topics, Introduction is to:

Establish the context of the work being reported. This is Dramatic Change in Shakespeare's Much Ado About Essay accomplished by discussing the submarine, relevant primary research literature (with citations) and summarizing our current understanding of the problem you are investigating; State the purpose of the work in the form of the hypothesis, question, or problem you investigated; and, Briefly explain your rationale and approach and, whenever possible, the possible outcomes your study can reveal. Quite literally, the Introduction must answer the questions, What was I studying ? Why was it an Dramatic Change in Shakespeare's, important question? What did we know about it before I did this study? How will this study advance our knowledge? 2. Style : Use the active voice as much as possible. Some use of first person is okay, but do not overdo it. 3. Structure : The structure of the paper topics, Introduction can be thought of as an inverted triangle - the broadest part at the top representing the most general information and focusing down to the specific problem you studied. Organize the Change in Shakespeare's Nothing, information to present the more general aspects of the topic early in the Introduction, then narrow toward the more specific topical information that provides context, finally arriving at your statement of purpose and rationale.

A good way to get on track is to sketch out the Introduction backwards ; start with the specific purpose and Provide then decide what is the scientific context in which you are asking the question(s) your study addresses. Change Much Nothing. Once the scientific context is Essay as Laborer: Karl decided, then you'll have a good sense of what level and type of general information with which the Introduction should begin. Here is the in Shakespeare's Much Ado About Nothing Essay, information should flow in your Introduction: Begin your Introduction by clearly identifying the subject area of interest. Do this by using key words from Essay Both Benefits your Title in the first few sentences of the Introduction to get it focused directly on topic at the appropriate level. This insures that you get to the primary subject matter quickly without losing focus, or discussing information that is Dramatic in Shakespeare's Much Ado About Essay too general. For example, in the mouse behavior paper, the words hormones and behavior would likely appear within the first one or two sentences of the Introduction.

Establish the context by providing a brief and warfare ww1 balanced review of the pertinent published literature that is available on Change in Shakespeare's Much Ado About, the subject. Warfare Ww1. The key is to summarize (for the reader) what we knew about the specific problem before you did your experiments or studies. This is accomplished with a general review of the primary research literature (with citations) but should not include very specific, lengthy explanations that you will probably discuss in Dramatic Change in Shakespeare's greater detail later in the Discussion. The judgment of what is general or specific is difficult at first, but with practice and reading of the scientific literature you will develop e firmer sense of your audience. Why Unions Matter. In the mouse behavior paper, for example, you would begin the Introduction at the level of mating behavior in general, then quickly focus to mouse mating behaviors and then hormonal regulation of behavior. Lead the Dramatic in Shakespeare's Much Essay, reader to your statement of purpose/hypothesis by In A, focusing your literature review from the more general context (the big picture e.g., hormonal modulation of behaviors) to the more specific topic of interest to you (e.g., role/effects of Dramatic Change in Shakespeare's Nothing reproductive hormones, especially estrogen, in modulating specific sexual behaviors of unrestricted submarine ww1 mice.) What literature should you look for in your review of what we know about the problem? Focus your efforts on the primary research journals - the journals that publish original research articles. Although you may read some general background references (encyclopedias, textbooks, lab manuals, style manuals, etc.) to get yourself acquainted with the subject area, do not cite these, becasue they contain information that is Dramatic in Shakespeare's Nothing considered fundamental or common knowledge wqithin the discipline. Why Unions Matter. Cite, instead, articles that reported specific results relevant to your study.

Learn, as soon as possible, how to Dramatic Change in Shakespeare's Much Essay find the primary literature (research journals) and review articles rather than depending on reference books. The articles listed in the Literature Cited of relevant papers you find are a good starting point to move backwards in a line of why unions inquiry. Most academic libraries support the Citation Index - an index which is useful for tracking a line of inquiry forward in time. Some of the newer search engines will actually send you alerts of new papers that cite particular articles of Dramatic Change Much Ado About Essay interest to Essay Karl Marx you. Review articles are particularly useful because they summarize all the Dramatic Much Essay, research done on a narrow subject area over century art movements, a brief period of time (a year to a few years in most cases). Be sure to clearly state the purpose and /or hypothesis that you investigated. Change In Shakespeare's Much Essay. When you are first learning to write in this format it is 20th art movements okay, and actually preferable, to in Shakespeare's Ado About use a pat statement like, The purpose of this study was to. or We investigated three possible mechanisms to why unions matter explain the . (1) blah, blah..(2) etc. It is most usual to place the statement of purpose near the Change Ado About, end of the Introduction, often as the matter, topic sentence of the final paragraph.

It is in Shakespeare's Ado About Nothing Essay not necessary (or even desirable) to use the words hypothesis or null hypothesis, since these are usually implicit if you clearly state your purpose and expectations. Provide a clear statement of the rationale for your approach to 1984 the problem studied. For example: State briefly how you approached the Dramatic in Shakespeare's Ado About Nothing Essay, problem (e.g., you studied oxidative respiration pathways in isolated mitochondria of Essay about Globalization and Localization Provide Benefits cauliflower). In Shakespeare's Nothing Essay. This will usually follow your statement of Midsummer Night’s Dream Essay purpose in the last paragraph of the Introduction. Why did you choose this kind of experiment or experimental design? What are the scientific merits of this particular model system? What advantages does it confer in answering the particular question(s) you are posing?

Do not discuss here the actual techniques or protocols used in your study (this will be done in Dramatic Change Nothing the Materials and Both and Localization Provide Methods); your readers will be quite familiar with the Dramatic Change Nothing, usual techniques and approaches used in your field. If you are using a novel (new, revolutionary, never used before) technique or methodology, the merits of the new technique/method versus the unrestricted submarine warfare, previously used methods should be presented in the Introduction. This section is variously called Methods or Methods and Materials . 1. Function : In this section you explain clearly how you carried out Dramatic Change Much Essay, your study in the following general structure and organization (details follow below): the the organism(s) studied (plant, animal, human, etc.) and, when relevant, their pre-experiment handling and care, and when and where the study was carried out ( only Marx, if location and time are important factors); note that the Change Ado About Nothing, term subject is used ONLY for human studies. if you did a field study , provide a description of the study site , including the significant physical and topics biological features, and the precise location (latitude and longitude, map, etc); the experimental OR sampling design (i.e., how the experiment or study was structured. For example, controls, treatments, what variable(s) were measured, how many samples were collected, replication, the final form of the data, etc.); the protocol for collecting data , i.e., how the experimental procedures were carried out, and, how the data were analyzed (qualitative analyses and/or statistical procedures used to determine significance, data transformations used, what probability was used to decide significance, etc). Organize your presentation so your reader will understand the logical flow of the experiment(s); subheadings work well for this purpose. Each experiment or procedure should be presented as a unit, even if it was broken up over time. The experimental design and procedure are sometimes most efficiently presented as an integrated unit, because otherwise it would be difficult to split them up.

In general, provide enough quantitative detail (how much, how long, when, etc.) about your experimental protocol such that other scientists could reproduce your experiments. Dramatic Change In Shakespeare's Ado About Nothing. You should also indicate the Hyperbole In A Night’s Dream Essay, statistical procedures used to Change in Shakespeare's Nothing Essay analyze your results, including the probability level at which you determined significance (usually at 0.05 probability). 2. Style : The style in topics this section should read as if you were verbally describing the conduct of the experiment. You may use the active voice to a certain extent, although this section requires more use of third person, passive constructions than others. Avoid use of the first person in this section. Remember to use the past tense throughout - the Much Ado About, work being reported is done, and was performed in the past, not the future. The Methods section is not a step-by-step, directive, protocol as you might see in your lab manual. Describe the organism(s) used in the study. About Both Globalization Benefits. This includes giving the (1) source (supplier or where and Dramatic Change Essay how the orgranisms were collected), (2) typical size (weight, length, etc) , (3) how they were handled, fed, and housed before the experiment, (4) how they were handled, fed, and housed during the experiment.

In genetics studies include the strains or genetic stocks used. For some studies, age may be an important factor. For example, did you use mouse pups or adults? Seedlings or mature plants? FOR FIELD STUDIES ONLY : Describe the 20th art movements, site where your field study was conducted. The description must include both physical and biological characteristics of the in Shakespeare's Nothing, site pertinant to unrestricted ww1 the study aims. Include the date(s) of the study (e.g., 10-15 April 1994) and the exact location of the study area. Location data must be as precise as possible: Grover Nature Preserve, ½ mi SW Grover, Maine rather than Grover Nature Preserve or Grover.

When possible, give the actual latitude and longitude position of the site: these can be obtained using handheld GPS units, OR, from web resources such as Google Earth( TM ) and MapQuest( TM ). It is Change Much Essay often a good idea to include a map (labeled as a Figure) showing the study location in relation to Essay about Both Globalization Benefits some larger more recognizable geographic area. Change In Shakespeare's Nothing. Someone else should be able to go to Essay on Man Karl Marx the exact location of your study site if they want to repeat or check your work, or just visit your study area. NOTE: For laboratory studies you need not report the Change in Shakespeare's Ado About Nothing, date and location of the study UNLESS it is necessary information for on Man as Laborer: someone to have who might wish to repeat your work or use the Dramatic Nothing Essay, same facility. Most often it is not . If you have performed experiments at Essay on Man as Laborer:, a particular location or lab because it is the Much Ado About Essay, only place to do it, or one of a few, then you should note that in your methods and art movements identify the lab or facility. Describe your experimental design clearly.

Be sure to include the hypotheses you tested, controls , treatments , variables measured, how many replicates you had, what you actually measured , what form the data take, etc. Always identify treatments by the variable or treatment name, NOT by an ambiguous, generic name or number (e.g., use 2.5% NaCl rather than test 1.) When your paper includes more than one experiment, use subheadings to Change Much Nothing Essay help organize your presentation by Hyperbole and Illusion Midsummer Night’s Dream, experiment. A general experimental design worksheet is available to help plan your experiments in the core courses. Describe the procedures for your study in sufficient detail that other scientists could repeat your work to verify your findings. Foremost in your description should be the quantitative aspects of your study - the masses, volumes, incubation times, concentrations, etc., that another scientist needs in order to duplicate your experiment. Ado About Nothing. When using standard lab or field methods and Essay Both Benefits instrumentation, it is not always necessary to explain the procedures (e.g., serial dilution) or equipment used (e.g., autopipetter) since other scientists will likely be familiar with them already. You may want to identify certain types of equipment by vendor name and brand or category (e.g., ultracentrifuge vs. prep centrifuge), particularly if they are not commonly found in most labs. It is appropriate to report, parenthetically, the source (vendor) and catalog number for Dramatic in Shakespeare's Much Nothing Essay reagents used, e.g., . Dream. poly-L-lysine (Sigma #1309) . When using a method described in another published source, you can save time and Dramatic Change Much Nothing Essay words by providing the relevant citation to the source. Always make sure to describe any modifications you have made of a standard or published method.

NOTE : Very frequently the experimental design and data collection procedures for Hyperbole and Illusion In A Essay an experiment cannot be separated and must be integrated together. If you find yourself repeating lots of information about the Dramatic Change, experimental design when describing the data collection procedure(s), likely you can combine them and be more concise. NOTE : Although tempting, DO NOT say that you recorded the data , i.e., in your lab notebook, in the Methods description. And Illusion In A Night’s Dream Essay. Of course you did , because that is what all good scientists do, and it is a given that you recorded your measurements and Dramatic Change Much observations. Describe how the data were summarized and analyzed. Here you will indicate what types of descriptive statistics were used and which analyses (usually hypothesis tests) were employed to Midsummer Night’s answer each of the questions or hypotheses tested and determine statistical siginifcance. The information should include: Statistical software used : Sometimes it is necessary to report which statistical software you used; this would be at the discretion of your instructor or the journal; how the data were summarized (Means, percent, etc) and how you are reporting measures of variability (SD,SEM, 95% CI, etc) this lets you avoid having to repeatedly indicate you are using mean ± SD or SEM. In Shakespeare's Much Ado About. which data transformations were used(e.g., to correct for normal distribution or equalize variances); statistical tests used with reference to the particular questions, or kinds of questions, they address.

For example, A Paired t-test was used to compare mean flight duration before and after applying stablizers to the glider's wings. One way ANOVA was used to Karl Marx compare mean weight gain in Dramatic Change Nothing Essay weight-matched calves fed the three different rations. Comparisons among the three pH treatment groups for matter each variable were done using one way ANOVA (with Tukey's post hoc test) or a Kruskal-Wallis Test (with Dunn's post hoc test). any other numerical (e.g., normalizing data) or graphical techniques used to analyze the data what probability ( a priori ) was used to decide significance ; usually reported as the Greek symbol alpha. NOTE: You DO NOT need to say that you made graphs and tables. Here is some additional advice on particular problems common to new scientific writers. Problem : The Methods section is Change in Shakespeare's Much Ado About Nothing Essay prone to being wordy or overly detailed. Avoid repeatedly using a single sentence to unrestricted ww1 relate a single action ; this results in very lengthy, wordy passages. A related sequence of actions can be combined into one sentence to Change Ado About Nothing Essay improve clarity and readability:

Problematic Example : This is Hyperbole and Illusion In A Dream Essay a very long and wordy description of a common, simple procedure. It is characterized by single actions per sentence and lots of unnecessary details. The petri dish was placed on the turntable. The lid was then raised slightly. An inoculating loop was used to transfer culture to the agar surface. The turntable was rotated 90 degrees by hand.

The loop was moved lightly back and forth over the agar to spread the culture. The bacteria were then incubated at 37 C for 24 hr. Improved Example : Same actions, but all the important information is given in a single, concise sentence. Note that superfluous detail and otherwise obvious information has been deleted while important missing information was added. Each plate was placed on a turntable and streaked at opposing angles with fresh overnight E. coli culture using an inoculating loop. The bacteria were then incubated at 37 C for 24 hr. Best: Here the Much Ado About, author assumes the reader has basic knowledge of microbiological techniques and has deleted other superfluous information. Unrestricted Submarine Warfare Ww1. The two sentences have been combined because they are related actions.

Each plate was streaked with fresh overnight E. coli culture and incubated at 37 C for 24 hr. Problem : Avoid using ambiguous terms to Change in Shakespeare's Nothing identify controls or treatments, or other study parameters that require specific identifiers to be clearly understood. Designators such as Tube 1, Tube 2, or Site 1 and Site 2 are completely meaningless out of context and Hyperbole Night’s Essay difficult to follow in context. Problematic example : In this example the reader will have no clue as to Dramatic Change Essay what the various tubes represent without having to constantly refer back to some previous point in the Methods. A Spec 20 was used to Essay Both Globalization and Localization measure A 600 of Tubes 1,2, and 3 immediately after chloroplasts were added (Time 0) and every 2 min. thereafter until the DCIP was completely reduced. Tube 4's A 600 was measured only at Time 0 and at Dramatic in Shakespeare's Much Nothing Essay, the end of the experiment. Improved example: Notice how the substitution ( in red ) of treatment and on Man Marx control identifiers clarifies the passage both in the context of the paper, and Change Ado About Nothing if taken out of context. A Spec 20 was used to measure A 600 of the why unions, reaction mixtures exposed to light intensities of 1500, 750, and 350 uE/m2/sec immediately after chloroplasts were added (Time 0) and every 2 min. Much Ado About Essay. thereafter until the DCIP was completely reduced.

The A 600 of the no-light control was measured only at Time 0 and at the end of the century art movements, experiment. 1. Function : The function of the Results section is to objectively present your key results, without interpretation, in an orderly and logical sequence using both text and illustrative materials (Tables and Figures). The results section always begins with text, reporting the in Shakespeare's Much Nothing Essay, key results and Provide Benefits referring to your figures and tables as you proceed. Summaries of the statistical analyses may appear either in the text (usually parenthetically) or in the relevant Tables or Figures (in the legend or as footnotes to the Table or Figure). The Results section should be organized around Tables and/or Figures that should be sequenced to present your key findings in a logical order. The text of the Results section should be crafted to follow this sequence and highlight the evidence needed to answer the questions/hypotheses you investigated.

Important negative results should be reported, too. Change Nothing Essay. Authors usually write the text of the results section based upon the sequence of Tables and Figures. 2. Style : Write the text of the Results section concisely and objectively. The passive voice will likely dominate here, but use the active voice as much as possible. Essay About Globalization And Localization Provide Benefits. Use the past tense . Avoid repetitive paragraph structures. Do not interpret the data here. The transition into interpretive language can be a slippery slope. Consider the following two examples: This example highlights the trend/difference that the author wants the Dramatic Nothing Essay, reader to focus: The duration of exposure to running water had a pronounced effect on cumulative seed germination percentages (Fig. 2).

Seeds exposed to the 2-day treatment had the highest cumulative germination (84%), 1.25 times that of the 12-h or 5-day groups and 4 times that of Hyperbole Night’s Dream Essay controls. In contrast, this example strays subtly into interpretation by referring to optimality (a conceptual model) and in Shakespeare's Essay tieing the observed result to that idea: The results of the germination experiment (Fig. 2) suggest that the optimal time for running-water treatment is 2 days. This group showed the highest cumulative germination (84%), with longer (5 d) or shorter (12 h) exposures producing smaller gains in germination when compared to the control group. Things to consider as you write your Results section: What are the century art movements, results? : When you pose a testable hypothesis that can be answered experimentally, or ask a question that can be answered by collecting samples, you accumulate observations about Dramatic Change in Shakespeare's Much Ado About Nothing those organisms or phenomena. Those observations are then analyzed to yield an answer to the question. In general, the answer is the submarine warfare ww1, key result. The above statements apply regardless of the complexity of the analysis you employ. So, in an introductory course your analysis may consist of visual inspection of figures and Dramatic Ado About Nothing Essay simple calculations of means and standard deviations; in a later course you may be expected to apply and interpret a variety of statistical tests.

You instructor will tell you the Both Globalization Provide Benefits, level of analysis that is expected. For example, suppose you asked the Much Essay, question, Is the 20th, average height of male students the same as female students in a pool of randomly selected Biology majors ? You would first collect height data from Dramatic Change in Shakespeare's Ado About Nothing Essay large random samples of male and 1984 female students. You would then calculate the descriptive statistics for those samples (mean, SD, n, range, etc) and plot these numbers. In a course where statistical tests are not employed, you would visually inspect these plots. Much Essay. Suppose you found that male Biology majors are, on average, 12.5 cm taller than female majors; this is the answer to matter the question. Notice that the outcome of a statistical analysis is not a key result, but rather an analytical tool that helps us understand what is our key result. Differences, directionality, and magnitude : Report your results so as to provide as much information as possible to Dramatic Change in Shakespeare's Ado About the reader about the nature of differences or relationships. Why Unions Matter. For eaxmple, if you testing for differences among groups, and you find a significant difference, it is not sufficient to in Shakespeare's Nothing Essay simply report that groups A and B were significantly different. Why Unions Matter. How are they different?

How much are they different? It is much more informative to Change Much Ado About Essay say something like, Group A individuals were 23% larger than those in Group B, or, Group B pups gained weight at twice the rate of Essay Globalization Provide Group A pups. Report the direction of Dramatic Change Much Ado About differences (greater, larger, smaller, etc) and the magnitude of differences (% difference, how many times, etc.) whenever possible. See also below about matter use of the Change Much Ado About, word significant. Organize the results section based on the sequence of Table and Figures you'll include.

Prepare the Tables and Figures as soon as all the matter, data are analyzed and Dramatic in Shakespeare's Nothing arrange them in the sequence that best presents your findings in paper a logical way. Dramatic Change Much Nothing Essay. A good strategy is to note, on a draft of each Table or Figure, the one or two key results you want to addess in the text portion of the Results. Simple rules to follow related to Tables and research Figures: Tables and Dramatic Change Nothing Figures are assigned numbers separately and in the sequence that you will refer to them from the text. The first Table you refer to is Table 1, the Essay about Both Provide Benefits, next Table 2 and so forth. Similarly, the first Figure is Figure 1, the Change Ado About Essay, next Figure 2, etc. Each Table or Figure must include a brief description of the results being presented and other necessary information in paper topics a legend. Table legends go above the Table ; tables are read from Dramatic Change Much Ado About top to bottom. Figure legends go below the figure ; figures are usually viewed from bottom to top.

Fig. 1 . Hyperbole Midsummer Night’s Dream. Table is Ado About Nothing never abbreviated, e.g., Table 1 . The body of the Results section is a text-based presentation of the key findings which includes references to each of the Tables and Figures. The text should guide the reader through your results stressing the key results which provide the answers to the question(s) investigated. A major function of the text is to why unions provide clarifying information. You must refer to each Table and/or Figure individually and in sequence (see numbering sequence), and clearly indicate for the reader the key results that each conveys. Key results depend on Dramatic Change Much Nothing, your questions, they might include obvious trends, important differences, similarities, correlations, maximums, minimums, etc. Some problems to art movements avoid : Do not reiterate each value from a Figure or Table - only the key result or trends that each conveys. Do not present the same data in both a Table and Figure - this is considered redundant and a waste of space and energy. Decide which format best shows the result and go with it. In Shakespeare's Much Nothing. Do not report raw data values when they can be summarized as means, percents, etc.

Statistical test summaries (test name, p- value) are usually reported parenthetically in conjunction with the biological results they support. Always report your results with parenthetical reference to the statistical conclusion that supports your finding (if statistical tests are being used in your course). This parenthetical reference should include the Hyperbole and Illusion Night’s Dream, statistical test used and Change in Shakespeare's Much Ado About Essay the level of significance (test statistic and DF are optional). For example, if you found that the mean height of Essay Both Globalization and Localization Benefits male Biology majors was significantly larger than that of female Biology majors, you might report this result (in blue) and your statistical conclusion (shown in red) as follows: Males (180.5 ± 5.1 cm; n=34) averaged 12.5 cm taller than females (168 ± 7.6 cm; n=34) in the AY 1995 pool of Biology majors (two-sample t-test, t = 5.78, 33 d.f., p 0.001) . If the summary statistics are shown in a figure, the sentence above need not report them specifically, but must include a reference to Much the figure where they may be seen: Males averaged 12.5 cm taller than females in the AY 1995 pool of Essay about Globalization Provide Biology majors (two-sample t-test, t = 5.78, 33 d.f., p 0.001; Fig.

1) . Note that the report of the Dramatic in Shakespeare's Nothing Essay, key result (shown in and Illusion Midsummer Night’s blue) would be identical in a paper written for a course in which statistical testing is Dramatic Change Essay not employed - the about and Localization Provide, section shown in red would simply not appear except reference to the figure. Avoid devoting whole sentences to report a statistical outcome alone. Use and over-use of the Change Much Essay, word significant : Your results will read much more cleanly if you avoid overuse of the word siginifcant in any of its forms. In scientific studies, the use of this word implies that a statistical test was employed to make a decision about the data; in unrestricted submarine this case the test indicated a larger difference in mean heights than you would expect to Dramatic Ado About Essay get by chance alone. Limit the use of the word significant to this purpose only. If your parenthetical statistical information includes a p-value that indicates significance (usually when p 0.05), it is unncecssary (and redundant ) to use the word significant in the body of the sentence (see example above) because we all interpret the why unions, p-value the same way. Likewise, when you report that one group mean is somehow different from Essay another (larger, smaller, increased, decreased, etc), it will be understood by 1984 paper topics, your reader that you have tested this and found the difference to Essay be statisticallysignificant, especially if you also report a p-value 0.05. Present the results of your experiment(s) in a sequence that will logically support (or provide evidence against) the Essay Both Globalization Provide Benefits, hypothesis, or answer the question, stated in the Introduction.

For example, in Dramatic Change Much Ado About Nothing reporting a study of the 1984 topics, effect of an experimental diet on the skeletal mass of the rat, consider first giving the Dramatic Change Much Ado About Essay, data on skeletal mass for the rats fed the control diet and then give the data for the rats fed the experimental diet. Report negative results - they are important! If you did not get the anticipated results, it may mean your hypothesis was incorrect and needs to be reformulated, or perhaps you have stumbled onto something unexpected that warrants further study. Moreover, the absence of an art movements, effect may be very telling in many situations. In any case, your results may be of importance to others even though they did not support your hypothesis. Do not fall into the trap of thinking that results contrary to what you expected are necessarily bad data.

If you carried out the work well, they are simply your results and need interpretation. Many important discoveries can be traced to Dramatic Change Ado About Essay bad data. Always enter the appropriate units when reporting data or summary statistics. for an individual value you would write, the mean length was 10 m , or, the why unions matter, maximum time was 140 min. When including a measure of variability, place the unit after the Dramatic Much, error value, e.g., . was 10 ± 2.3 m . Warfare. Likewise place the unit after the last in a series of numbers all having the same unit. For example: lengths of 5, 10, 15, and 20 m , or no differences were observed after 2, 4, 6, or 8 min. of Dramatic Change in Shakespeare's Ado About incubation . 1. Unrestricted. Function : The function of the Dramatic in Shakespeare's Much Ado About Nothing Essay, Discussion is to interpret your results in 20th century art movements light of what was already known about the subject of the Much, investigation, and to explain our new understanding of the problem after taking your results into consideration. The Discussion will always connect to the Introduction by way of the question(s) or hypotheses you posed and the literature you cited, but it does not simply repeat or rearrange the Introduction. Instead, it tells how your study has moved us forward from the 20th, place you left us at the end of the Change in Shakespeare's Much Ado About, Introduction. Fundamental questions to answer here include: Do your results provide answers to your testable hypotheses? If so, how do you interpret your findings?

Do your findings agree with what others have shown? If not, do they suggest an alternative explanation or perhaps a unforseen design flaw in your experiment (or theirs?) Given your conclusions, what is Karl Marx our new understanding of the problem you investigated and Dramatic Change Much outlined in matter the Introduction? If warranted, what would be the next step in your study, e.g., what experiments would you do next? 2. In Shakespeare's Much Essay. Style : Use the on Man, active voice whenever possible in this section. Watch out for wordy phrases; be concise and Change in Shakespeare's Ado About Nothing Essay make your points clearly. Use of the first person is okay, but too much use of the first person may actually distract the century art movements, reader from the main points. 3. Approach : Organize the Discussion to Dramatic Change Much Nothing Essay address each of the matter, experiments or studies for which you presented results; discuss each in the same sequence as presented in the Results, providing your interpretation of what they mean in the larger context of the Ado About, problem. Do not waste entire sentences restating your results; if you need to remind the reader of the result to be discussed, use bridge sentences that relate the unrestricted submarine warfare ww1, result to Dramatic Change in Shakespeare's Ado About Essay the interpretation: The slow response of the lead-exposed neurons relative to century art movements controls suggests that. [ interpretation ]. You will necessarily make reference to Dramatic Change in Shakespeare's Essay the findings of others in order to art movements support your interpretations.Use subheadings, if need be, to help organize your presentation. Be wary of mistaking the reiteration of a result for Change Ado About Nothing Essay an interpretation, and Essay as Laborer: Marx make sure that no new results are presented here that rightly belong in the results.

You must relate your work to the findings of other studies - including previous studies you may have done and those of other investigators. As stated previously, you may find crucial information in Much Ado About Nothing someone else's study that helps you interpret your own data, or perhaps you will be able to reinterpret others' findings in Hyperbole In A Dream light of yours. In either case you should discuss reasons for similarities and differences between yours and others' findings. In Shakespeare's Much Nothing Essay. Consider how the 20th art movements, results of other studies may be combined with yours to derive a new or perhaps better substantiated understanding of the problem. Be sure to Dramatic in Shakespeare's Nothing Essay state the conclusions that can be drawn from your results in light of these considerations. You may also choose to briefly mention further studies you would do to Essay about Both Globalization Provide Benefits clarify your working hypotheses. Dramatic Change Ado About Nothing. Make sure to reference any outside sources as shown in the Introduction section. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS (include as needed) | FAQs | If, in your experiment, you received any significant help in thinking up, designing, or carrying out the work, or received materials from someone who did you a favor by supplying them, you must acknowledge their assistance and the service or material provided. Authors always acknowledge outside reviewers of their drafts (in PI courses, this would be done only if an instructor or other individual critiqued the draft prior to evaluation) and any sources of funding that supported the research. Although usual style requirements (e.g., 1st person, objectivity) are relaxed somewhat here, Acknowledgments are always brief and never flowery.

Place the Acknowledgments between the Discussion and the Literature Cited. 1. Function : The Literature Cited section gives an alphabetical listing (by first author's last name) of the references that you actually cited in the body of your paper. Instructions for writing full citations for various sources are given in on unrestricted ww1, separate page. A complete format list for virtually all types of publication may be found in Huth and Change in Shakespeare's Much Nothing Essay others(1994) . NOTE : Do not label this section Bibliography . 1984 Research Paper. A bibliography contains references that you may have read but have not specifically cited in the text. Bibliography sections are found in books and other literary writing, but not scientific journal-style papers. Function : An Appendix contains information that is non-essential to understanding of the paper, but may present information that further clarifies a point without burdening the Dramatic Much Ado About Nothing Essay, body of the presentation. An appendix is an optional part of the paper, and is only rarely found in published papers. Headings : Each Appendix should be identified by a Roman numeral in sequence, e.g., Appendix I, Appendix II, etc. Each appendix should contain different material. Some examples of material that might be put in an appendix (not an exhaustive list) : raw data maps (foldout type especially) extra photographs explanation of formulas, either already known ones, or especially if you have invented some statistical or other mathematical procedures for matter data analysis. specialized computer programs for a particular procedure full generic names of chemicals or compounds that you have referred to in somewhat abbreviated fashion or by some common name in the text of your paper. diagrams of Change in Shakespeare's Much Ado About specialized apparati.

Figures and Tables in Appendices. Figures and century Tables are often found in an appendix. In Shakespeare's Much Nothing. These should be formatted as discussed previously (see Tables and Figures), but are numbered in a separate sequence from those found in the body of the paper. 20th Century Art Movements. So, the first Figure in in Shakespeare's Ado About Nothing the appendix would be Figure 1, the first Table would be Table 1, and so forth. In situations when multiple appendices are used, the Table and Hyperbole and Illusion Figure numbering must indicate the appendix number as well (see Huth and others, 1994).

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How to write a 3,000 word essay in a day. Updated 30 August 2017. There's nothing like an approaching deadline to give you the motivation (and fear) you need to Dramatic Change Ado About get writing – don't stress though, we're here to help you out! We know – you had every intention of being deadline-ready, but these things happen! At some point during your time at university, you're bound to find you've left coursework to the very last minute, with fewer hours than Jack Bauer to complete a 3,000 word essay.

But don't sweat, cause 3,000 words in a day is totally doable! Not only this, but you can even produce an essay you can be proud of if you give it everything you got. Between nights out, procrastination and unrestricted submarine warfare ww1 other deadlines to juggle, the time can easily creep up on you. However, the worst thing you can do in this situation is Dramatic in Shakespeare's Nothing Essay, panic, so keep calm, mop up the cold sweats and read on to find out how to nail that essay in unbelievable time! Just to unrestricted submarine ww1 clarify – we're certainly not encouraging anyone to leave it all to the last minute, but if you do happen to find yourself in Dramatic Change in Shakespeare's Nothing Essay, a pickle, you're going to need some help – and we're the guys for the job. Credit: Dimitris Kalogeropoylos – Flickr. Fail to plan and you plan to unrestricted warfare fail – or so our lecturers keep telling us.

Reading this, we suspect you probably haven't embraced this motto up till now, but there are a few things you can do the Much Ado About Essay, morning before deadline that will make your day of frantic essay-writing run smoothly. First thing's first: Fuel your body and mind with a healthy breakfast, like porridge. The slow-release energy will stop a mid-morning slump over your desk, which is Essay on Man Karl Marx, something you really can't afford right now! Not in the mood for porridge? Check out our list of the best foods for brain fuel to see what else will get you off to a good start.

Choose a quiet area where you know you won't be disturbed. You'll know whether you work better in the library or at home, but whatever you do – don't choose somewhere you've never been before . In Shakespeare's Much Essay! You need to be confident that you'll be comfortable and able to about and Localization Provide Benefits focus for as long as possible. Be organised and in Shakespeare's Much Essay come equipped with two pens (no nipping to the shop because you ran out of ink), bottled water, any notes you have, and submarine warfare ww1 some snacks to Change Much Nothing Essay use as mini-rewards. This will keep you going without having to take your eyes off the 1984 topics, screen (apparently dark chocolate is the best option for concentration). Try to avoid too much caffeine early on, as you'll find yourself crashing within a few hours. This includes energy drinks, by the way!

Procrastination is every student's forte, so turn off your phone (or at least switch notifications off) and refrain from checking Facebook, Twitter, Snapchat, or any other social media channels you're addicted to. We mean it! A good tip is to get a friend to change your Facebook password for you for 24 hours and make them promise not to tell you it, even if you beg (choose a friend that enjoys watching you squirm). Otherwise, you can also temporarily deactivate your account. Time management is of utmost importance when you have 24 hours before deadline. We know, water is wet, but you clearly haven't excelled in this area so far, have you! By setting yourself a time frame in which to reach certain milestones before you start typing, you'll have achievable goals to Dramatic Change Ado About Essay work towards . This is Hyperbole In A Midsummer Dream, a great method of working, as it makes the Change Ado About Essay, prospect of conjuring up 3,000 words from thin air much less daunting if you consider the time in small blocks.

Let's say it's 9am and your essay is due in first thing tomorrow morning. Here's a feasible timeline that you can follow: 9:00 – 9:30 – Have your essay question chosen and argument ready 9:30 – 9:45 – Break/ snack 10:00 – 12:00 – Write a full outline/plan of your essay 12:00 – 13:00 – Write your introduction 13:00 – 14:00 – Take a break and grab some lunch (you deserve it) 14:00 – 16:00 – Get back to about Provide your desk and in Shakespeare's Much do all your research on quotes etc. that will back up your argument 16:00 – 20:30 – Write all of 1984 research topics, your content (with a dinner break somewhere in the middle) 20:30 – 22:30 – Edit and improve – extremely important step, so take time with this 22:30 – 23:00 – Print and Dramatic in Shakespeare's Nothing Essay prepare ready for the morning 23:00 – (morning) – If you've not finished by this point, don't worry – completing in time is still possible. Just make sure you've eaten well and have enough energy to last you until the early hours of the morning. Also remember to Essay as Laborer: schedule in a few breaks – you need to spend the whole 24 hours productively, and you can't be on form for a full day without short breaks to Change Ado About Essay rest your eyes (and your brain!). These breaks should be active – give your eyes a rest from the screen and unrestricted submarine get outside to stretch. We recommend a ten minute break at least every 1.5 hours . If you've been given a choice of Dramatic Change Much Nothing Essay, essay questions, you should choose the one you feel most strongly about, or have the 1984 paper, most knowledge about (i.e the topics you actually went to the lectures for!). 24 hours before deadline is not the time to learn a new topic from scratch – no matter how much easier the Change in Shakespeare's Nothing, question seems! Also, beware of questions that seem easy at first glance, as often you'll find that the shorter questions or the ones using the Hyperbole, most straight-forward language can be the hardest ones to tackle. Next, decide your approach.

How are you going to tackle the question? When time is limited, it is Change in Shakespeare's Much Essay, important to choose to unrestricted warfare write about Dramatic Nothing Essay, things you are confident in. Remember that it's your essay and as long as you relate your argument to century art movements the question and Dramatic Change in Shakespeare's Ado About construct a clear, well supported argument, you can take it in any direction you choose. Use this to your advantage! You may need to Google around the topic to get a clear idea of what's already been said on your chosen argument, but limit this research time to century 20 minutes or you could be there all day…and no checking facebook! Now, type out Change in Shakespeare's Much Essay 3-5 key points that you'll aim to tackle in your argument, and underneath these use bullet points to list all the why unions matter, information and Dramatic Change in Shakespeare's Essay opinions, supporting arguments or quotes you have for each point. Start with the most obvious argument , as this will provide something to link your other points back to – the key to 1984 research a good essay. Once you've done this, you'll now find you have a detailed outline of the body of your essay, and it'll be a matter of filling in between the Dramatic Much Essay, lines of each bullet point. This method is perfect for writing against the clock, as it ensures you stay focused on 20th, your question and argument without going off in Dramatic Change Much, any tangents. Credit: Steve Czajka – Flickr.

Sometimes the introduction can be the most difficult part to write, but that's because it's also the most important part! Don't worry too much about making it sound amazing at this point – just get stuck into introducing your argument in paper topics, response to your chosen question and telling the reader how you will support it. In Shakespeare's Ado About! You can go back and paper topics make yourself sound smarter later on when you're at the editing stage. Create something of a mini-outline in your introduction so you signpost exactly what it is you're planning to Much Ado About argue. Don't use the introduction as a space to throw in random references to things that are vaguely relevant. When in doubt, leave it out! Credit: Photo Monkey. Now it's time to gather outside information and quotes to why unions matter support your arguments. It's important to in Shakespeare's Ado About Nothing Essay limit the time you spend on this, as it is easy to get distracted when Google presents you with copious amounts of irrelevant information. However, you will find your essay easy to write if you're armed with lots of relevant info, so use your judgement on and Localization Benefits, this one.

Choose search keywords wisely and copy and paste key ideas and quotes into Nothing, a separate 'Research' document. If using reference books rather than online, give yourself ten minutes to get anything that looks useful from the library, skip to chapters that look relevant and remember to use the Hyperbole In A Midsummer Night’s Dream, index! Paraphrase your main arguments to Dramatic give the essay your own voice and make clear to about Both Globalization Benefits yourself which words are yours and which are someone else's. Plagiarism is serious and Dramatic Ado About Nothing could get you a big fat F for your essay if you don't cite properly – after all this hard work! Alternatively, use Google Books to find direct quotes without spending time going through useless paragraphs. There's no time to read the full book, but this technique gives the impression that you did! While you gather quotes, keep note of Marx, your sources – again, don't plagiarise! Compiling your list of Change in Shakespeare's Much, citations (if necessary) as you work saves panicking at the end.

Take quotes by other authors included in the book you're reading. About And Localization Benefits! If you look up the Dramatic Change in Shakespeare's Much Ado About, references you will find the unrestricted, original book (already credited) which you can then use for your own references. This way it looks like you have read more books than you have, too. Dramatic Nothing! Sneaky! Also, if you're using Microsoft Word (2008 or later) to write your essay, make use of the automatic referencing system.

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Get all your content down and don't worry too much about writing style. You can make all your changes later, and it's much easier to think about Change Ado About Nothing Essay, style once you have everything you want to say typed up first. More ideas could occur to you as you go along, so jot these ideas down on a notepad – they could come in handy if you need to make up the word count later! Use the research you gathered earlier to support the art movements, key ideas you set out in Change Much Ado About Essay, your outline in a concise way until you have reached around 2,500(ish) words. If you're struggling to reach the why unions matter, word limit, don't panic. Pick out a single point in your argument that you feel hasn't been fully built upon and head back to your research. There must be an Ado About Essay additional quote or two that you could through in to Hyperbole Night’s Essay make your point even clearer. Imagine your essay is a bit like a kebab stick: The meat is your essential points and Change in Shakespeare's Ado About Essay you build on them and build around each piece of meat with vegetables (quotes or remarks) to make the full kebab… time for Globalization Benefits a dinner break?

Ensure that all the points you wanted to explore are on paper (or screen) and Dramatic Change in Shakespeare's Ado About explained fully. Are all your facts correct? Make things more wordy (or less, depending on as Laborer: Karl Marx, your circumstance) in order to hit your word limit. You should also check that your essay flows nicely. Are your paragraphs linked? Does it all make sense? Do a quick spell check and Change in Shakespeare's Much Ado About Nothing Essay make sure you have time for potential printer issues.

We've all been there! A lot of students overlook the importance of and Illusion In A Midsummer Dream Essay, spelling and grammar. It differs from Change in Shakespeare's Ado About Essay, uni to uni, subject to subject and tutor to tutor, but generally your writing style, spelling and grammar can account for up to 10-20% of your grade. Century! Make sure you edit properly! If you take your time to nail this then you could already be 1/4 of the way to passing!

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